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Common Rail Fuel System and Exhaust Valve Control

Common Rail Fuel System and Exhaust Valve Control

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Alagarsamyvenkat Shanmugaraja on Jan 22, 2011
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06/10/2011

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Singapore PolytechnicSingapore Maritime Academy&Maritime Institute Of William BarentszBachelor Degree in Maritime Operations (BMO)MA9022
Diesel Technology & EmissionsCOMMON RAIL FUEL SYSTEM AND EXHAUST VALVEACTUATION WITH ELECTRONIC INJECTIONCONTROLPururav NagarajDate: 29 August 2006
This assignment is done in the fulfillment of bachelor degree in maritime operations for dieseltechnology and emissions Unit 2: Marine Diesel-Technology Trends.
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1. What has driven the innovation of this technology? 
In the marine market, the Annex VI of MARPOL 73/78 and the TechnicalCode on the Control of Emissions of Nitrogen Oxides from Marine DieselEngines came into force on 18
th
may 2005.Both at international and regional levels, more stringent legislationstipulates and regulates levels of smoke, particulates, NOx, SOx and other pollutants generated from marine diesel engines.New emission reduction technologies, offered as standard on newengines, can often be retrofitted on marine or power plant installationsalready in operation. These installations can then benefit from technicalimprovements not originally available when they first entered into service.EPA legislation is example of how limits on particulate matter and NOxhave changed over the years: from 1988 to 2010 requirements for emission reduction are rising more than 95%.So in conclusion, the need for a clean environment and reducing healthhazards to human beings forced the MARPOL and the marine industry toinnovate new technologies for reducing harmful emissions from marinediesel engines.
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Briefly describe how this technology works.
Principal elements of the common-rail system on a Sulzer RT-flex engine. Notethat there are variations on this arrangement in the various RT-flex engine typesdepending upon the engine type and number of cylinders.
Main Elements of the Common Rail fuel injection system: -
1.
The Supply Unit.2.Rail Unit.3.Filter Unit.4.Electronic control system (including the crank angle sensor).Electronically-controlled common-rail systems have been adopted in the newSulzer RT-flex engines to give complete control of the timing, rate andpressure of Fuel injection and the exhaust valve operation, allowing patternsof operation which cannot be achieved by purely mechanical systems.
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