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P. 1
1 Peter Ch 1 Commentary

1 Peter Ch 1 Commentary

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Published by Philip
Peter wrote this letter. He was one of the 12 *apostles. His name was Simon, but Y'shua changed it to Kefa (John 1:42). ‘Kefa’ means ‘a rock’ or ‘a stone’. A man called Silas (sometimes the Bible calls him Silvanus) helped Peter to write the letter (see 5:12). In those days, some men were expert writers. They helped people to write their letters in the proper way. Peter wrote this letter about 30 years after Y'shua's resurrection.
In the first verse, Peter lists 5 countries. Most of these are in the country that we now call Turkey. On the day of *Pentecost (Acts 2) people from three of these countries were visiting the city of Jerusalem. Some of these people may have become Believers in Y'shua there. Perhaps they went home and started new churches. Peter wrote to Jews and Gentiles who became followers of Messiah. Peter gave the letter to someone who travelled to the main churches in these areas. This person read the letter aloud to the Believers. Then people copied it and sent it to all the smaller churches near to them.
Peter wants to encourage Believers who are suffering for Messiah. Although Believers might suffer in this life, they will not suffer forever. This world is not their real home. One day they will live with YHVH and share His glory.
Peter also wants his readers to understand the grace of YHVH. He wants every Believer to know what YHVH has done for them. He wants them to learn more about YHVH.
This letter is very practical. When a person becomes a Believer in Messiah his life changes. (‘his’ here refers to both men and women, not just to men.) Peter tells his readers how to live a good life as a follower of Messiah. Peter was a disciple of Y'shua for about three years. He saw all that Y'shua did, heard all that He said, and is writing this letter to encourage Believers to live like Y'shua.
Peter wrote this letter. He was one of the 12 *apostles. His name was Simon, but Y'shua changed it to Kefa (John 1:42). ‘Kefa’ means ‘a rock’ or ‘a stone’. A man called Silas (sometimes the Bible calls him Silvanus) helped Peter to write the letter (see 5:12). In those days, some men were expert writers. They helped people to write their letters in the proper way. Peter wrote this letter about 30 years after Y'shua's resurrection.
In the first verse, Peter lists 5 countries. Most of these are in the country that we now call Turkey. On the day of *Pentecost (Acts 2) people from three of these countries were visiting the city of Jerusalem. Some of these people may have become Believers in Y'shua there. Perhaps they went home and started new churches. Peter wrote to Jews and Gentiles who became followers of Messiah. Peter gave the letter to someone who travelled to the main churches in these areas. This person read the letter aloud to the Believers. Then people copied it and sent it to all the smaller churches near to them.
Peter wants to encourage Believers who are suffering for Messiah. Although Believers might suffer in this life, they will not suffer forever. This world is not their real home. One day they will live with YHVH and share His glory.
Peter also wants his readers to understand the grace of YHVH. He wants every Believer to know what YHVH has done for them. He wants them to learn more about YHVH.
This letter is very practical. When a person becomes a Believer in Messiah his life changes. (‘his’ here refers to both men and women, not just to men.) Peter tells his readers how to live a good life as a follower of Messiah. Peter was a disciple of Y'shua for about three years. He saw all that Y'shua did, heard all that He said, and is writing this letter to encourage Believers to live like Y'shua.

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Published by: Philip on Jan 22, 2011
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ommentary on 1 Peter
  
 
Background
 Peter wrote this letter. He was one of the 12 *apostles. His name was Simon, but Y'shuachanged it to Kefa (John 1:42). ‘Kefa’ means ‘a rock’ or ‘a stone’. A man called Silas(sometimes the Bible calls him Silvanus) helped Peter to write the letter (see 5:12). Inthose days, some men were expert writers. They helped people to write their letters inthe proper way. Peter wrote this letter about 30 years after Y'shua's resurrection.In the first verse, Peter lists 5 countries. Most of these are in the country that we now callTurkey. On the day of *Pentecost (Acts 2) people from three of these countries werevisiting the city of Jerusalem. Some of these people may have become Believers inY'shua there. Perhaps they went home and started new churches. Peter wrote to Jewsand Gentiles who became followers of Messiah. Peter gave the letter to someone whotravelled to the main churches in these areas. This person read the letter aloud to theBelievers. Then people copied it and sent it to all the smaller churches near to them.Peter wants to encourage Believers who are suffering for Messiah. Although Believersmight suffer in this life, they will not suffer forever. This world is not their real home. Oneday they will live with YHVH and share His glory.Peter also wants his readers to understand the grace of YHVH. He wants every Believerto know what YHVH has done for them. He wants them to learn more about YHVH.This letter is very practical. When a person becomes a Believer in Messiah his lifechanges. (‘his’ here refers to both men and women, not just to men.) Peter tells hisreaders how to live a good life as a follower of Messiah. Peter was a disciple of Y'shuafor about three years. He saw all that Y'shua did, heard all that He said, and is writingthis letter to encourage Believers to live like Y'shua. 1Pe_1:2-
Sanctified by His Spirit and the Blood
- Through the sanctification of theSpirit - cleansing, to make set apart - to make holy - Just like YHVH sanctified theSabbath so He sanctifies us through His Spirit.  YHVH "cleansed" the Sabbath from alldefilement and distractions like work or everyday activities, making it set apart for Himand His glory alone. In the same way YHVH sanctifies us from worldliness, setting usapart and make us holy for His purpose alone.
Sanctification by the Spirit comesthrough obedience
- that implies action, something you have to do. What do we needto obey? We should listen to the Spirit of YHVH, reminding us of everything we havelearnedJoh_14:26, as well as remind you of the Commandments written on your heartJer_31:33-34. Obeying the Spirit of YHVH is to obey His Commandments His Spiritremind you of in every situation. This is our love towards HimExo_20:6 Joh_14:15, Joh_14:21.  As we obey His Law in our hearts, so our actions and our lives aresanctified and cleansed from unrighteousness and we become Holy as He is.The second part of Sanctification is through the Blood of Messiah - The blood is for theremission of our sinsMat_26:28,Heb_13:12,Col_1:14, and the forgiveness of our sins. One part of Sanctification is to be washed by the Blood of the Lamb and the forgivenessof sin. The other part is to live a set apart life, being sanctified (keep clean) by the Spritand obedience to His Commandments.
 
Through this sanctification of the Sprit and the Blood we receive His Grace and Peace(Shalom). His Grace is to be sanctified, to be forgiven, to receive His Spirit and to obeyHis Commandments (Truth). If you apply this and allow this then you will have a life ofinner peace and Shalom. Shalom means "the completion of the building process".Y'shua is building a "House" for Himself in ach one of us and together we are His Bodyand His Temple which He and His Father indwellJoh_14:23-27.1Pe_1:3-5-
Are we going to Heaven when we die?
-  Peter gives praises unto YHVH,the Father of Y'shua the Messiah. Blessed is the word "
baruch 
" that means 'to kneeldown' and is an expression of exaltation towards YHVH and a sign of humility form theworshipper. YHVH has made us 'born again' and is the 'offspring' and 'children' ofYHVH. How are we 'Born Again"? By the hope in the One who was resurrected ByYHVH's Spirit. We are 'born again' in the same way YHVH raised Y'shua from the dead -through the Power of His SpiritRom_1:4.  From this we receive the inheritance ofbecoming a undefiled, uncountable or immortal being that will not fade away, guarded ineternity for you. The translation says "reserved in heaven for you" implying that you willgo to heaven when you die and will live in heaven for eternity with YHVH. This siscontradicting Revelation that states that the New Jerusalem comes down to earth andYHVH will live with us on earth forever. "Reserved" can also be more accuratelytranslated as "guarded" and "heaven" as "eternity".  That means that YHVH, Who iseternal (not bound to time) is guarding our inheritance - which is eternal life in a immortalundefiled (by sin) state. It does not specify where we will live forever and misinterpretedas Heaven due to the translation. "Who are kept" better translated as "Guarded" by thepower of Elohim (His Spirit) through faith that leads unto Salvation that will be revealed(happen) in the last time (days). You are saved only when Y'shua come to judge and Hewill come in the Last Days. Your "salvation" or "hope of salvation" is guarded throughYHVH's Spirit (power of Elohim) and your faith (faithfulness in the Truth). 1Pe_1:9-
The END of your faith?
Does this imply that your faith will end? Of coursenot! It should actually be translated as the GOAL of your faith that is salvation of yoursouls. We get the same mistranslation inRom_10:4that produced a false doctrine thatMessiah is the END of the Torah/Law. Messiah is the GOAL of the Torah - that meansthat He is revealed in the Torah and that the Torah will lead you to Messiah. 1Pe_1:15-16-
Be Holy for YHVH is Holy
.Lev_19:2 Lev_11:44 Rom_11:16 Eph_5:27  1Pe_1:16Verse 2 Peter spoke of sanctification by the Spirit unto obedience thatdescribes the process of Holiness. You need the Spirit of YHVH, His Torah in yourhearts and obeying from the "inside out" and not from the "outside in" where you do theCommandments mechanically without it being part of your nature, you do it because youwant to, because you love YHVH and because He has changed your nature through HisSprit in you.2Pe_1:4.  Peter is quoting from Leviticus 11 & 19 where YHVH instructedIsrael to be Holy and we get more detail of what Holiness is all about in a practicalsense.Lev_11:44YHVH said that we must sanctify our selves; He is not going to do itfor us but it is an action required from us. Is this contradicting1Pe_1:2where Peterimplies that the Spirit will sanctify us? In Lev 11 YHVH instructed Israel about food, whatto eat and what not to eat and in this context, we sanctify ourselves OBEYING theseinstructions and that makes us Holy like YHVH.Peter speaks about sanctification of the Spirit unto obedience and Lev speaks ofsanctification of the Law (Torah) through obedience. This is exactly the same concept
 
because the Spirit writes The Torah on our hearts and we obey the Torah (Spirit) fromwithin and in Lev YHVH gave the Torah through the prophet Moses and they obey theTorah from the "outside". The result of the obedience to the Commandments (Torah inyour heart or Torah through Moses) brings sanctification that results in Holiness.  If youdo not obey, you will defile yourself and not be holy any more. Defile is the Hebrew word"tame" that means unclean, to be foul and to pollute one self morally or ceremonially. Tounderstand this we can relate to everyday situations like pollution for example. You canpollute the air, water and the earth. Pollution will have a degrading effect on thesubstance that is being defiled, for example water; you will not be able to drink it, air; youwill be able to breath it, and the earth, you will not be able to grow food and eat of it. Allthree examples relates to sustaining life and if we pollute the things we need to live, thenwe endanger our selves by these pollutions and in the end cause our own destruction.Holiness is the word "kadosh" and means to be "set apart" for a specific purpose. Thatmeans that YHVH created something for one purpose only and if it is use for another,then it is no longer holy but "tame" or defiled. YHVH created water to sustain life, if wepollute it then it is no longer holy (fulfilling it's purpose) but "tame" or unclean. In thesame sense YHVH has put Instructions or boundaries in place that sustain man's"spiritual life". These laws keep man holy (fit for the purpose YHVH created man for) andman says clean and Holy. If someone decide to break or disobey these Instructions, hewill "pollute" himself spiritually (sometimes physically) and will endanger his "spiritual"life. Holiness is bout preserving life (physical and spiritual) and to keep everything YHVHcreated "set apart" for its soul purpose and not to pollute or defile it, making it no longeruse for purpose or unholy. Things like homosexuality; man is not made to lie withanother man and a woman with another woman; it is "unclean" and "profaning" thepurpose of man and woman to have children and multiply. That is unholy and those whodo these things are unholy or unclean (tame). YHVH has given instructions regardingthis and if you break these instructions then you sin and the penalty for sin is death.Death is not only the judgement that comes upon those who disobey YHVH, but it is theconsequence of these people's actions that allows "DAETH" to come into their lives andsteal their "LIFE" YHVH gave them. Death is the enemy and sin and disobedience is theopen door for death to come in and destroy those who allow death in.In other words, Holiness and "Uncleanness" or "defilement" are directly related asopposites and is kept holy or defiled either by obeying or disobedience to YHVH's "Lawsor preservation" found in His Torah. If you break one of His Instructions, you will firstlydefile yourself spirituality and it will have a physical negative effect as well that will resultin uncleanness, pollution or defilement in your actions or family or environment. Think ofthe Laws man took away regarding governing the Land; they have caused defilement ofthe nations as well as defilement of the physical land. Everything turns to chaos anddestruction and the people live lives that endanger others and their lives. Holiness isabout preservation of life and to "guard" those who are alive against those elements thatwar against life, ie death. Death is the enemy that came into this world through sin (sin isbreaking YHVH's Commandments) and sin came in trough disobedience and there wesee the connection again between Life, YHVH's Instructions and Obedience. We fightagainst death by knowing and obeying YHVH's Commandments and He gave us HisSpirit (of Life) to help us know and understand His Commandments so that we canovercome death and sin.  Do not allow sin in your life so that "DEATH" (the enemy)wouldn’t enter and destroy the "LIFE" YHVH gave you. Listen to the "Spirit of Life" andobey and guard YHVH's Commandments that are now in your heart so that they mayguard you from sin and "DEATH".
 

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