National Aeronautics and Space Administration
N A S A
f a c t s
these teams are designing and developingvehicle hardware, evolving proven technolo-gies, and testing components and systems.Their work builds on powerul, reliable Saturnand space shuttle propulsion elements, as wellas nearly a hal-century o NASA space-ightexperience and technological advances. Ares I is an in-line, two-stage rocket toppedby the Orion capsule, its service module anda launch abort system. The combination o therocket’s confguration and Orion’s launch abort
system, which can move astronauts awayquickly in case of a launch emergency, will
improve crew saety.The launch vehicle’s frst stage is a single,fve-segment reusable solid rocket booster,derived rom the Space Shuttle Program’sour-segment reusable solid rocket booster,
which burns a specially formulated and
shaped solid propellant called polybutadieneacrylonitrile (PBAN). A newly designed orwardadapter called a rustum will mate the vehicle’sfrst stage to the second, and will be equippedwith booster separation motors to disconnectthe stages during ascent.The second, or upper, stage is being designedat Marshall. Much like the upper stage or the Ares V cargo launch
vehicle, the Ares I upper
stage is propelled by a J-2X main engine
ueled with liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen.The J-2X is an evolved variation o two historicpredecessors: the powerul J-2 upper-stageengine that propelled the Apollo-era SaturnIB and Saturn V rockets to the moon and theJ-2S, a simplifed version o the J-2 developedand tested in the early 1970s.
Ares I has two missions: lofting four
astro-nauts (or cargo) to the International SpaceStation—approximately 52,000 pounds—or to
America’s Fleet of Next-Generation Launch Vehicles
The Ares l Crew Launch Vehicle
NASA is designing, testing and evaluating
hardware and related systems for the agency’s
Ares I rocket—the vehicle that will carry a
new generation o space explorers saelyand reliably into orbit.
Under the goals of NASA’s exploration missions,
Ares I is a chief component of the cost-
effective space transportation infrastructure
being developed by NASA’s ConstellationProgram. These transportation systems will
carry human explorers back to the moon andother destinations in the solar system.
The Ares I eort includes multiple projectelement teams working at NASA centers andcontract organizations around the nation, andis led by the Ares Projects at NASA’s
MarshallSpace Flight Center in Huntsville, AL.
Concept image of launch of Ares I. (NASA MSFC)