Table of Contents
BOOK EIGHTEENTH - HISTORY OF PROTESTANTISM INTHE NETHERLANDS.
THE NETHERLANDS AND THEIR INHABITANTS.
Batavia — Formed by Joint Action of the Rhine and the Sea — Dismal Territory — The FirstInhabitants — Belgium — Holland — Their First Struggles with the Ocean — Their Secondwith the Roman Power — 'they Pass under Charlemagne — Rise and Greatness of their Commerce — Civic Rights and Liberties — These Threatened by the Austro-BurgundianEmperors — A Divine Principle comes to their aid.
INTRODUCTION OF PROTESTANTISM INTO THE NETHERLANDS.
Power of the Church of Rome in the Low Countries in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries — Ebb in the Fifteenth Century — Causes — Forerunners — Waldenses and Albigenses — Romaunt Version of the Scriptures — Influence of Wicliffe's Writings and Huss's Martyrdom — Influence of Commerce, etc. — Charles V. and the Netherlands — Persecuting Edicts — Great Number of Martyrs.
ANTWERP: ITS CONFESSORS AND MARTYRS.
Antwerp — Its Convent of Augustines — Jacob Spreng — Henry of Zutphen — ConventRazed — A Preacher Drowned — Placards of the Emperor Charles V. — Well of Life — Longand Dreadful Series of Edicts — Edict of 1540 — The Inquisition — Spread of Lutheranism — Confessors — Martyrdom of John de Bakker.
ABDICATION OF CHARLES V. AND ACCESSION OF PHILIP II.
Decrepitude of the Emperor — Hall of Brabant Palace — Speech of the Emperor — Failure of his Hopes and Labours — Philip II. — His Portrait — Slender Endowments — Portrait of William of Orange — Other Netherland Nobles — Close of Pageant.
PHILIP ARRANGES THE GOVERNMENT OF THE NETHERLANDS, ANDDEPARTS FOR SPAIN.
Philip II. Renews the Edict of 1535 of his Father — Other Atrocious Edicts — Further Martyrdoms — Inquisition introduced into the Low Countries — Indignation and Alarm of the Netherlanders — Thirteen New Bishops — The Spanish Troops to be left in the Country — Violations of the Netherland Charters — Bishop of Arras — His Craft and Ambition — Popular Discontent — Margaret, Duchess of Parma, appointed Regent — Three Councils — Assembly of the States at Ghent — The States request the Suppression of the Edicts — Anger of Philip — He sets Sail from Flushing — Storm — Arrival in Spain.
STORMS IN THE COUNCIL, AND MARTYRS AT THE STAKE.
Three Councils — These Three but One — Margaret, Duchess of Parma — Cardinal Granvelle — Opposition to the New Bishops-Storms at the Council-board — Position of Prince of Orange, and Counts Egmont and Horn — Their joint Letter to the King — SmoulderingDiscontent — Persecution — Peter Titlemann — Severity of the Edicts — Father and Son atthe Stake — Heroism of the Flemish Martyrs — Execution of a Schoolmaster — A Skeleton ata Feast — Burning of Three Refugees — Great Number of Flemish Martyrs — What their Country Owed them.
RETIREMENT OF GRANVELLE — BELGIC CONFESSION OF FAITH.
Tumults at Valenciennes — Rescue of Two Martyrs — Terrible Revenge — Rhetoric Clubs — The Cardinal Attacked in Plays, Farces, and Lampoons — A Caricature — A Meeting of theStates Demanded and Refused — Orders from Spain for the more Vigorous Prosecution of theEdicts — Orange, Egmont, and Horn Retire from the Council — They Demand the Recall of Granvelle — Doublings of Philip II. — Granvelle under pretense of Visiting his Mother Leavesthe Netherlands — First Belgic Confession of Faith — Letter of Flemish Protestants to PhilipII. — Toleration.
THE RISING STORM.