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History of Protestantism Vol 3 Wylie

History of Protestantism Vol 3 Wylie

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Published by: Richard A. Volunteer. on Jan 23, 2011
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The History of Protestantism
 VOLUME THIRDBooks 18-24
BY
Rev. James Aitken Wylie
, LL.D
 
1808-1890
author of "The Papacy," "Daybreak in Spain," &c.
 
"Protestantism, the sacred causeof God's Light and Truthagainst theDevil's Falsity and Darkness."-Carlyle.
Cassell & Company, Limited:London, Paris & New York.
.
 
 
Table of Contents
BOOK EIGHTEENTH - HISTORY OF PROTESTANTISM INTHE NETHERLANDS.
THE NETHERLANDS AND THEIR INHABITANTS.
 Batavia — Formed by Joint Action of the Rhine and the Sea — Dismal Territory — The FirstInhabitants — Belgium — Holland — Their First Struggles with the Ocean — Their Secondwith the Roman Power — 'they Pass under Charlemagne — Rise and Greatness of their Commerce — Civic Rights and Liberties — These Threatened by the Austro-BurgundianEmperors — A Divine Principle comes to their aid.
 
INTRODUCTION OF PROTESTANTISM INTO THE NETHERLANDS.
 Power of the Church of Rome in the Low Countries in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries — Ebb in the Fifteenth Century — Causes — Forerunners — Waldenses and Albigenses — Romaunt Version of the Scriptures — Influence of Wicliffe's Writings and Huss's Martyrdom — Influence of Commerce, etc. — Charles V. and the Netherlands — Persecuting Edicts — Great Number of Martyrs.
 
ANTWERP: ITS CONFESSORS AND MARTYRS.
 Antwerp — Its Convent of Augustines — Jacob Spreng — Henry of Zutphen — ConventRazed — A Preacher Drowned — Placards of the Emperor Charles V. — Well of Life — Longand Dreadful Series of Edicts — Edict of 1540 — The Inquisition — Spread of Lutheranism — Confessors — Martyrdom of John de Bakker.
 
ABDICATION OF CHARLES V. AND ACCESSION OF PHILIP II.
 Decrepitude of the Emperor — Hall of Brabant Palace — Speech of the Emperor — Failure of his Hopes and Labours — Philip II. — His Portrait — Slender Endowments — Portrait of William of Orange — Other Netherland Nobles — Close of Pageant.
 
PHILIP ARRANGES THE GOVERNMENT OF THE NETHERLANDS, ANDDEPARTS FOR SPAIN.
 Philip II. Renews the Edict of 1535 of his Father — Other Atrocious Edicts — Further Martyrdoms — Inquisition introduced into the Low Countries — Indignation and Alarm of the Netherlanders — Thirteen New Bishops — The Spanish Troops to be left in the Country — Violations of the Netherland Charters — Bishop of Arras — His Craft and Ambition — Popular Discontent — Margaret, Duchess of Parma, appointed Regent — Three Councils — Assembly of the States at Ghent — The States request the Suppression of the Edicts — Anger of Philip — He sets Sail from Flushing — Storm — Arrival in Spain.
 
STORMS IN THE COUNCIL, AND MARTYRS AT THE STAKE.
 Three Councils — These Three but One — Margaret, Duchess of Parma — Cardinal Granvelle — Opposition to the New Bishops-Storms at the Council-board — Position of Prince of Orange, and Counts Egmont and Horn — Their joint Letter to the King — SmoulderingDiscontent — Persecution — Peter Titlemann — Severity of the Edicts — Father and Son atthe Stake — Heroism of the Flemish Martyrs — Execution of a Schoolmaster — A Skeleton ata Feast — Burning of Three Refugees — Great Number of Flemish Martyrs — What their Country Owed them.
 
RETIREMENT OF GRANVELLE — BELGIC CONFESSION OF FAITH.
 Tumults at Valenciennes — Rescue of Two Martyrs — Terrible Revenge — Rhetoric Clubs — The Cardinal Attacked in Plays, Farces, and Lampoons — A Caricature — A Meeting of theStates Demanded and Refused — Orders from Spain for the more Vigorous Prosecution of theEdicts — Orange, Egmont, and Horn Retire from the Council — They Demand the Recall of Granvelle — Doublings of Philip II. — Granvelle under pretense of Visiting his Mother Leavesthe Netherlands — First Belgic Confession of Faith — Letter of Flemish Protestants to PhilipII. — Toleration.
 
THE RISING STORM.
 
 
Speech of Prince of Orange at the Council-table — Egmont sent to Spain-Demand for theStates-General, and the Abolition of the Edicts — Philip's Reply — More Martyrs — New andMore Rigorous Instructions from Philip — The Nobles and Cities Remonstrate — Arroganceof the Inquisitors — New Mode of putting Protestants to Death — Rising Indignation in theLow Countries — Rumours of General Massacre — Dreadful Secret Imparted to Prince of Orange — Council of Trent — Programme of Massacre.
 
THE CONFEDERATES OR "BEGGARS."
 League of the Flemish Nobles — Franciscus Junius — The "Confederacy " — Its Object —  Number of Signatories — Meeting of the Golden Fleece and States-General — How shallMargaret Steer? — Procession of the Confederates — Their Petition — Perplexity of theDuchess — Stormy Debate in the Council — The Confederates first styled "Beggars" — Medals Struck in Commemoration of the Name — Livery of the Beggars — Answer of theDuchess — Promised Moderation of the Edicts — Martyrdoms Continued — Four Martyrs atLille — John Cornelius Beheaded.
 
THE FIELD-PREACHINGS.
 The Protestants Resolve to Worship in Public — First Field-Preaching near Ghent-HermanModet — Seven Thousand Hearers — The Assembly Attacked, but Stands its Ground — Second Field-Preaching — Arrangements at the Field-Preaching — Wall of Waggons — Sentinels, etc. — Numbers of the Worshippers — Singing of the Psalms — Field-Preachingnear Antwerp — The Governor Forbids them — The Magistrates unable to put them down — Field-Preaching at Tournay — Immense Congregations — Peregrine de la Grange — AmbroseWille — Field-Preaching in Holland — Peter Gabriel and John Arentson — SecretConsultations — -First Sermon near Horn — Enormous Conventicle near Haarlem — TheTown Gates Locked — The Imprisoned Multitude Compel their Opening — Grandeur of theConventicle — Difference between the Field-Preachers and the Confederates — Preaching atDelft — Utrecht — The Hague — Arrival of more Preachers.
 
THE IMAGE-BREAKINGS.
 The Confederate Envoys — Philip's Cruel Purpose — -The Image-Breakers — Their Character  — Their Devastations — Overspread the Low Countries in a Week — Pillage of 400 Churches — Antwerp Cathedral — Its Magnificence — -Its Pillage — Pillage of the Rest of theChurches — The True Iconoclast Hammer-The Preachers and their People take no part in theImage-Breakings — Image-Breaking in Holland — Amsterdam and other Towns — WhatProtestantism Teaches concerning Image-Breaking — The Popular Outbreaks at theReformation and at the French Revolution Compared.
 
REACTION — SUBMISSION OF THE SOUTHERN NETHERLANDS.
 Treaty between the Governor and Nobles — Liberty given the Reformed to Build Churches — Remonstrances of Margaret — Reply of Orange — Anger of Philip — His Cruel Resolve — Philip's Treachery — Letters that Read Two Ways — the Governor raises Soldiers — A GreatTreachery Meditated — Egmont's and Horn's Compliance with the Court, and Severitiesagainst the Reformed — Horn at Tournay — Forbids the Reformed to Worship inside theWalls — Permitted to erect Churches outside — Money and Materials — the Governor Violates the Accord — Re-formed Religion Forbidden in Tournay and Valenciennes — Siegeof Valenciennes by Noircarmes — Sufferings of the Besieged — They Surrender-Treachery of  Noircarmes — Execution of the Two Protestant Ministers — Terror inspired by the Fall of Valenciennes — Abject Submission of the Southern Netherlands.
 
THE COUNCIL OF BLOOD.
 Orange's Penetration of Philip's Mind — Conference at Dendermonde — Resolution of Egmont — William Retires to Nassau in Germany — Persecution Increased — The GallowsFull — Two Sisters — Philip resolves to send an Army to the Netherlands — Its Commandgiven to the Duke of Alva — His Character — His Person — His Fanaticism andBloodthirstiness — Character of the Soldiers — An Army of Alvas — Its March — Its Morale — Its Entrance Unopposed — Margaret Retires from the Netherlands — Alva Arrests Egmontand Horn — Refugees — Death of Berghen and Montigny — The Council of Blood — Sentence of Death upon all the Inhabitants of the Netherlands — Constitution of the Blood

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