To determine the dimensional changes in woven and knitted fabrics when repeatedlaundering process domestically used, we do AATCC-135 test. Domestically washingtemperature ranges from cold warm. For fabrics that are intended to be used in a form fittinggarment, restoration techniques are sometimes used prior to determining the dimensionalchange. Techniques for this type of restoration are not standardized (hand pulling specimens inthe length and width directions at multiple locations using an unspecified force). If restorationtechniques are used, a description of the technique should be reported and results should bereported as restored dimensional change
Apparatus and material:
Automatic washing machine, automatic tumble dryer, indelible ink marking pen andmeasuring tape or ruler.
The change in the fabric dimensions is expressed as a percentage of the initial lengthand width. Change in fabric dimensions occurs in specified conditions. When dimensionalchange results in increase of the specimen dimensions then it is termed as growth. Whendimensional change results in decrease of the specimen dimensions then it is termed asshrinkage.
The process used to remove soils and stains by washing the fabric/garment with anaqueous detergent solution is termed as laundering.
10x10 in fabric samples are taken.
Samples from which dimensional change specimens are to be taken should berepresentative of the fabric processing stage, finishing treatment, research lab trial,pallet, lot or end-product stage.
Lay the sample on a flat surface. Selected test size, mark specimens parallel to theselvage or fabric length direction. Avoid use of the sample area within ten percent of thesample width. Specimens should be taken from areas with different lengthwise andwidthwise yarns. Identify the length direction of the specimens before cutting them out of the sample. When possible, three specimens from each fabric should be used. One or two specimens may be used when insufficient fabric sample is available.