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Jdbc

Jdbc

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Published by rasikow
This file has contained JDBC connection steps in java.
This file has contained JDBC connection steps in java.

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Published by: rasikow on Aug 13, 2008
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07/25/2010

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// -----------------------------------------------------------------------------// ConnectionExample.java// -----------------------------------------------------------------------------/** =============================================================================* Copyright (c) 1998-2007 Jeffrey M. Hunter. All rights reserved.** All source code and material located at the Internet address of* http://www.idevelopment.info is the copyright of Jeffrey M. Hunter and* is protected under copyright laws of the United States. This source code may* not be hosted on any other site without my express, prior, written* permission. Application to host any of the material elsewhere can be made by* contacting me at jhunter@idevelopment.info.** I have made every effort and taken great care in making sure that the source* code and other content included on my web site is technically accurate, but I* disclaim any and all responsibility for any loss, damage or destruction of* data or any other property which may arise from relying on it. I will in no* case be liable for any monetary damages arising from such loss, damage or* destruction.** As with any code, ensure to test this code in a development environment* before attempting to run it in production.* =============================================================================*/ import java.sql.DriverManager;import java.sql.Connection;import java.sql.Statement;import java.sql.ResultSet;import java.sql.SQLException;import java.util.Properties;/*** -----------------------------------------------------------------------------* The following class provides an example of using JDBC to connect to an* Oracle database. The one phase of JDBC that is the most difficult and* hard to achieve portability, is when connecting. This phase requires* that the Java database application specify driver-specific information that* JDBC requires in the form of a database URL.** If you run into problems while trying to simply make a connection, check* if they match any of the following:** Connection fails with the message "Class no found"* --------------------------------------------------* This message usually results from not having the JDBC driver in your* CLASSPATH. Ensure that if you are including *.zip and *.jar in your* CLASSPATH, that your enter them explicity. If you put all of your *.class* files and the ojdbc14.jar file containing the Oracle-JDBC driver into* /u02/lib, your CLASSPATH should read /u02/lib:/u02/lib/ojdbc14.jar.** Connection fails with the message "Driver no found"* ---------------------------------------------------* In this case, you did not register the JDBC driver with the DriverManager* class. This example application describes several ways to register a* JDBC driver. Sometimes developers using the Class.forName() method of
 
* registering a JDBC driver encounter an inconsistency between the JDBC* specification and some JVM implementations. You should thus use the* Class.forName().netInstance() method as a workaround.** When attempting to make a database connection, your application must first* request a java.sql.Connection implementation from the DriverManager. You will* also use a database URL and whatever properties your JDBC driver requires* (generally a user ID and password). The DriverManager in turn will search* through all of the known java.sql.Driver implementations for the one that* connects with the URL you provided. If it exhausts all the implementations* without finding a match, it throws an exception back to your application.** Once a Driver recognizes your URL, it creates a database connection using* the properties you specified. It then provides the DriverManager with a* java.sql.Connection implementation representing that database connection. The* DriverManager then passes that Connection object back to the application.** At this point, you may be wondering how the JDBC DriverManager learns about* a new driver implementation. The DriverManager actually keeps a list of* classes that implement that java.sql.Driver interface. Something needs to* register the Driver implementation for any potential database drivers it* might require with the DriverManager. JDBC requires a Driver class to* register itself with the DriverManager when it is initiated. The act of* instantiating a Driver class thus enters it in the DriverManager's list.** This class (ConnectionExample) provides three ways to register a driver.* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------* @version 1.0* @author Jeffrey M. Hunter (jhunter@idevelopment.info)* @author http://www.idevelopment.info* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------*/public class ConnectionExample {final String driverClass = "oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver";final String connectionURLThin = "jdbc:oracle:thin:@jeffreyh3:1521:CUSTDB";final String connectionURLOCI = "jdbc:oracle:oci8:@CUSTDB_JEFFREYH3";final String userID = "scott";final String userPassword = "tiger";final String queryString = "SELECT" +" user " +" , TO_CHAR(sysdate, 'DD-MON-YYYYHH24:MI:SS') " +"FROM dual";/*** The following method provides an example of how to connect to a database* by registering the JDBC driver using the DriverManager class. This method* requires you to hardcode the loading of a Driver implementation in* your application. this alternative is the least desirable since it* requires a rewrite and recompile if your database or database driver* changes.*/public void driverManager() {Connection con = null;Statement stmt = null;
 
ResultSet rset = null;try {System.out.print("\n");System.out.print("+-------------------------------+\n");System.out.print("| USING DriverManager CLASS |\n");System.out.print("+-------------------------------+\n");System.out.print("\n");System.out.print(" Loading JDBC Driver -> " + driverClass + "\n");DriverManager.registerDriver(new oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver());System.out.print(" Connecting to -> " + connectionURLThin +"\n");con = DriverManager.getConnection(connectionURLThin, userID,userPassword);System.out.print(" Connected as -> " + userID + "\n");System.out.print(" Creating Statement...\n");stmt = con.createStatement ();System.out.print(" Opening ResultsSet...\n");rset = stmt.executeQuery(queryString);while (rset.next()) {System.out.println(" Results...");System.out.println(" User -> " +rset.getString(1));System.out.println(" Sysdate -> " +rset.getString(2));}System.out.print(" Closing ResultSet...\n");rset.close();System.out.print(" Closing Statement...\n");stmt.close();} catch (SQLException e) {e.printStackTrace(); if (con != null) {try {con.rollback();} catch (SQLException e1) {e1.printStackTrace();}}} finally {if (con != null) {try {System.out.print(" Closing down all connections...\n\n");con.close();} catch (SQLException e) {

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