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Drugs

Drugs

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Published by RUZCHEMISTRY

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Published by: RUZCHEMISTRY on Jan 23, 2011
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05/12/2014

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1)What is drug education? @)
Drug education
is the planned provision of information and skills relevant to living in a world wheredrugsarecommonlymisused. Planning includes developing strategies for helping children and young people engage with relevantdrug-related issues during opportunistic and brief contacts with them as well as during more structured sessions. Drugeducation enables children and young adults to develop the knowledge, skills and attitudes to appreciate the benefits of a healthy lifestyle, promote responsibility towards the use of drugs and relate these to their own actions and those of others, both now and in their future lives. It also provides opportunities for young people to reflect on their own andothers' attitudes to drugs, drug usage and drug users. 2)What is depressant drug? @)
Depressants
arepsychoactive drugsthat temporarily reduce the function or activity of a specific part of the body orbrain.
[1]
Examples of these kinds of effects may include anxiolysis, sedation, and hypotension. Due to their effectstypically having a "down" quality to them, depressants are also occasionally referred to as "
downers
".
Stimulants
or"
uppers
", which increase mental and/or physical function, are considered to be the functional opposites of depressants.Depressants are widely used throughout the world asprescription medicinesand asillicit substances. When these are used, effects may includeanxiolysis,analgesia,sedation,somnolence, cognitive/memory impairment,dissociation, muscle relaxation, loweredblood pressure/heart rate,respiratory depression,anesthesia, andanticonvulsanteffects. Some are also capable of inducing feelings of euphoria. Depressants exert their effects through a number of differentpharmacological mechanisms, the most prominent of which include facilitation of GABAand/oropioidactivity, and inhibition of adrenergic,histamineand/oracetylcholineactivity. Anaesthetics, sedatives, tranquillizers and alcohol are examples of depressants. 3)What are the uses  of depressant drugs? 
@)Depressants are used both individually and clinically for therapeutic purposes in the treatment of a number of indications, including the following : @To reduce feelings of anxiety, panic, and stress.  @To induce sleepiness and relieve insomnia.  @To induce analgesia and relieve aches and pains.  @To reduce convulsions/seizures in the treatment of epilepsy.  @To cause muscle relaxation for those with muscle pain or spasms.

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