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Integrated Science, Chapter Four, Outline

Integrated Science, Chapter Four, Outline

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Published by: Julie on Jan 23, 2011
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[ZACHARY DECKER]
 
Chapter 401/24/09 | Section 1  The First Two Laws of Motion1
The Laws of Motion
Section 1  The First Two Laws of Motion
y
 
First Law of Motion
is, if the net force acting on an object is zero, the object remains at rest. If the object is moving, it continues moving in a straight line with constant speed 
 
-
 
If forces on an object are the same on either end then the object will not move
 
-
 
If the forces on an object are unbalanced then the object will move in thedirection of the more powerful force
 
-
 
Ex 
ample:
 A
skateboard is not moving but then you give it a push, your force ismore powerful than that of any other forces acting against the skateboard, there for the skateboards velocity changes and speed increases
 
y
 
Inertia is the tendency of an object to resist a change in motion
 
-
 
he greater the mass of an object the greater its inertia
 
-
 
Ex 
ample:
 A
motor bike steering around a corner continues to move in its previousdirection because the mass of the object carries it 
 
-
 
hen the force that is moving an object stops then the objects should stop but because the law of inertia is in affect the object will keep moving because theinertia of the object causes it to keep moving
 
y
 
S
econd Law of Motion
the acceleration of an object is in the same direction as the net force onthe object.
-
 
he acceleration of an object is greater depending on the force that is acting on theobject 
-
 
Ex 
ample:
hen you throw a ball, depending on the amount of force you put intoyour throw (throwing It hard or tossing it) determines how far the object will go
 
-
 
M
ass
of the object also takes into account how far the ball will go
-
 
Ex 
ample:
he difference in throwing a base ball and a ball that is hollow 
-
 
Formula:
a =

acceleration =

 
Section 2 - Gravity
y
 
G
ravity is an attractive force between any 2 objects that depends on the masses of theobjects and the distance between them.
his force will increase as the as the mass of theobjects and the distance between them.
-
 
G
ravity is a basic force
 
y
 
The Law of Universal Gravity
-
 
Formula:
 




 

 
-
 
he gravitational force between 2 object increases when the object are closer together 
 

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