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Integrated Science, Chapter Three, Outline

# Integrated Science, Chapter Three, Outline

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Published by: Julie on Jan 23, 2011

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05/12/2014

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[ZACHARY DECKER]

Chapter 3 01/13/09 | Section 1  Describing Motion1
Motion, Acceleration, and Forces
Section 1  Describing Motion
y

Motion can be described in the direction it is moving, the speed, as well as how it changes over time
y

Motion occurs when an object changes position
-

A
movement can happen without you witnessing it but you will still know it hasmoved
y

R
eference frame is a group of object that do not move in occurrence with each other
-

his can be used to tell the movement of an object
-

Example:

A
mail truck can move without witnessing it but you can tell because it has moved its position inside the reference frame
y

Motion does not have a absolute movement.
-

Movement is only dependent on its
R
eference Frame
-

Example:
ou are in a car but if the car is the reference point then you are not moving but the car is moving in reference with the ground, Earth is moving in30Km/s but in reference to the sun while the sun is moving in refrence to theMilky Way.

y

D
isplacement is the distance from the objects finish point to the objects starting point
-

S
ize is the distance from the start point to the initial finish point.
y

S
peed is the distance an object travels in a given amount of time
-

I
n
SI
units the measurement is m/s
y

I
nstantaneous
S
peed is the speed of an object at any instantaneous time
-

Example:
he speedometer in a car

y

A
verage
S
peed is the description of how quickly an object moved over the entire distanceit traveled
-

A
verage
S
peed of any object is the total distance traveled divided by the total travel time
-

For
mula:
A
verage
S
peed =
d/

A
verage
S
peed is always found by a distance unit divided by a time unit
-

A
lso you may want to use a different unit such as Km/h
y

elocity is the speed of an object and its direction
-

elocity can change at any time
-

ou must have the
S
peed
AND
direction the same for the velocity to be the same,if the direction or speed changes then the velocity changes

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