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Photographic Exposure Compensation and Metering Modes

Photographic Exposure Compensation and Metering Modes

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Taking better photos by using the correct exposure
Taking better photos by using the correct exposure

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Published by: Scribme_too on Jan 23, 2011
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01/04/2013

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Exposure Compensation and Metering Modes in Photography
 
"Sun gone down" captured by Bob GExposure compensation is what you can do to override the exposure settings set by the camera¶s meteringsystem. Assuming you have set the ISO to a specific level, eg. ISO 100, the metering system in yourcamera measures the amount of light in the photo and tells you the aperture and shutter speed needed fora correct exposure. There are usually 3 types of metering methods used in today¶s DSLR cameras.
Multi-Segment Metering
Most cameras use multi-segment metering as the default metering system. In Nikon cameras this is calledMatrix Metering. In Canon cameras it is referred to as Evaluative Metering. Other brands of camera may have slightly different terminology. This metering system measures the brightness in several areas in thephoto and finds an average (emphasis varies depending on the camera). This type of metering can befooled by more challenging lighting conditions such as strong backlighting.
 
Strong backlighting conditions are where the amount of light on the background is far more intense thanthe amount of light on the foreground area. This usually happens when you shoot a subject indoors, with a brightly lit outdoor background.Ideal lighting conditions are where there is a similar amount of light illuminating both the backgroundand foreground. Ideal lighting is where the camera¶s multi-segment metering does a good job.
Spot Metering
Nikon calls it Spot Metering, while Canon calls it Partial Metering. For pinpoint control on the area for which the camera measures brightness, use spot metering if it¶s available. This metering system only samples a very small point within the photo (usually in the center) instead of several areas. You can pressthe shutter release halfway to meter the desired area, hold the AE lock button, and then re-frame the shot.Photo captured by Radu Stanescu Alternatively, take an exposure reading with spot metering, note the aperture and shutter speed, andswitch to manual exposure mode. This enables you to focus on a subject which isn¶t what you measuredthe exposure on.
Center Weighted Metering
 
This metering method is designed for a simple straightforward portrait of a person, positioned in thecenter of the frame. It measures the center area (in some cameras, the amount of area measured can beset by the user) and bases its exposure recommendation on this area.
Ex
posure Compensation
Normally, exposure compensation is used in the semi-auto modes such as Aperture Priority and ShutterPriority. This puts a certain degree of control (though not as complete as Manual exposure) in the handsof the photographer.In Aperture Priority mode, you can tell the camera to expose brighter by pressing the EV button (usually indicated by a +/- icon) and shifting the control dial towards the positive (eg. +1 which means 1 stop brighter). This is helpful in backlit conditions. In Nikon cameras the range of adjustment is all the way to+5."sawtell secrets" captured by dan2452In Manual exposure mode, you are essentially performing exposure compensation if you are using a Aperture/Shutter combination that is not what is advised by the exposure meter.

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