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M.phil Proposal

M.phil Proposal

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Published by Syed Ashik Mahmud

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Published by: Syed Ashik Mahmud on Jan 23, 2011
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M.Phil Research Proposal
By Mohammad Muntasir Rahman
Lecturer Dept. of Computer Science & EngineeringIslamic University, Kushtia-7003, Bangladesh
Packet transmission strategies to reduce interference of Cognitive RadioI.
Cognitive radio is a paradigm for wireless communication in which either a network or awireless node changes its transmission or reception parameters to communicate efficientlyavoiding interference with licensed or unlicensed users. This alteration of parameters is based on the active monitoring of several factors in the external and internal radioenvironment, such as radio frequency spectrum, user behavior and network state.The idea of cognitive radio was first presented officially by Joseph Mitola [1] in a seminar atKTH, The Royal Institute of Technology, in 1998, published later in an article by Mitola andGerald Q. Maguire, Jr in 1999. Cognitive radio is a revolutionary technology that aims for remarkable improvements in efficiency of spectrum usage. It will change the way the radiospectrum is regulated, but also requires new enabling techniques such as improved spectrumsensing and dynamic spectrum assignment.
Modern wireless systems aim at offering a wide variety of high data rate applications tonumerous users at the same time. In order to realize this objective, they have to overcomethe practical constraints imposed by the resources they need such as power and spectrum,which are limited in nature. Since the number of wireless systems is increasing very rapidly,the scarcity of these resources, especially of the frequency spectrum, becomes a more vital problem day by day.Cognitive radio is a concept that targets at a future solution for the spectrum scarcity problem by proposing an opportunistic spectrum usage [2] approach, in which frequency bands that are not being used by their licensed users are utilized by cognitive radios. SinceCognitive radios do not need to have a license and since they do not affect the operation of licensed systems, this approach leads to a highly economic and efficient usage of thefrequency spectrum.
Cognitive radio techniques provide the capability to use or share the spectrum in anopportunistic manner. Dynamic spectrum access techniques allow the cognitive radio tooperate in the best available channel. More specifically, the cognitive radio technology willenable the users to (1) determine which portions of the spectrum is available and detect the presence of licensed users when a user operates in a licensed band (spectrum sensing), (2)select the best available channel (spectrum management), (3) coordinate access to this
channel with other users (spectrum sharing), and (4) vacate the channel when a licensed user is detected (spectrum mobility) [3].Although cognitive radio was initially thought of as a software-defined radio (SDR)extension, most of the research work is currently focusing on Spectrum Sensing CognitiveRadio. The essential problem of Spectrum Sensing Cognitive Radio is in designing highquality spectrum sensing devices and algorithms for exchanging spectrum sensing data between nodes. A cognitive radio should monitor the available spectrum bands, capture their information, and then detect the spectrum holes. Hence, spectrum sensing is a key enablingtechnology in cognitive radio networks. In spectrum sensing, the detection accuracy has been considered as the most important factor to determine the performance of cognitiveradio networks. However, in reality, RF front-end of CR users cannot differentiate the primary user signals and CR user signals. In case of the energy detection, widely used inspectrum sensing, transmission and sensing cannot be performed at the same time. Thus,during the sensing (observation time), all CR users should stop their transmissions and keepquiet. However, the periodic spectrum sensing should consider following design issues:
Interference Avoidance:
In the periodic sensing, interference is related to not onlysensing accuracy depending on observation time but also the CR transmission timeand traffic statistics.
Spectrum Efficiency:
The main objective of cognitive radio is the efficient use of spectrum resources. However, since CR users cannot transmit during the sensing,spectrum efficiency will be degraded inevitably.The cognitive radio should adapt its transmission parameters so that it can avoid theinterference from primary system in order to guarantee its own QoS while it minimizes theinterference to the primary system.
Minimizing the interference to the primary system in cognitive radio is a challenging task since exact traffic pattern and receiver position of the primary system are generally unknownto the cognitive radio transmitter. Such an interference minimization, i.e., keeping highetiquette towards the primary system, is a crucial requirement for cognitive radio to beallowed to operate in the same frequency band as the primary system.To investigate mechanisms for control the interference level to the primary receiver withsome packet transmission strategies in MAC level. For example, one possible method tokeep high etiquette of the cognitive radio is to always use short packet and after every short- packet transmission, make carrier-sense. Only if the carrier is free, it continues to transmitshort packet. If it detects the transmission of primary user, it stops the transmission. Withthis method, the cognitive radio can control the interference to the primary users, and keephigh etiquette. However, such a strategy can result in the degradation of system performancefor cognitive radio due to large overhead and frequent carrier sensing. Furthermore, thisstrategy cannot completely eliminate the interference to the primary system, and could resultin an unacceptable interference to the primary system.
The goal of this investigation is to analyze such a relationship between different packettransmission strategies and interference level, and to propose methods to solve the problemarisen in such strategies. The final outcome from the mission should be the quantized resultsfor the interference level between primary system and cognitive radio, and several strategieswhich can reduce such interference. The main focus and objective will be:
To investigate the transmission strategies for cognitive radio to minimize theinterference to the primary system (e.g. short packet transmission).
To analyze the interference between cognitive radio and primary system withdifferent transmission strategies and investigate the impact of different system parameters/strategies on the amount of interference caused from/to the cognitiveradio to/from the primary system.
To propose the packet transmission strategies which can minimize the interferencecaused from/to cognitive radio to/from the primary system.
To identify the cost implied for the performance of the cognitive radio system due tothe usage of shorter packets.
To analyze the proposed strategies with computer simulation and /or theoreticalanalysis.
I wish to accomplish my targeted research goal in the following steps:At the very first stage of my study period I want to acquire a vast idea about the concurrentresearches going on in my area of interest i.e. minimizing the interference to the primarysystem in cognitive radio.My main objective is to develop a communication protocol to minimize the interferencelevel between primary system and cognitive radio.In order to prove the competence of our proposed work I need to compare the protocol withother existing protocols by simulating it in a realistic simulator environment. MATLAB is ahigh-level technical computing language and interactive environment for algorithmdevelopment, data visualization, data analysis, and numeric computation. On the other hand,OMNeT is a component-based, modular and open-architecture discrete event network simulator. The most common use of OMNeT is the simulation of computer networks.Therefore, in this stage I need to find out suitable simulator among all available ones inorder to fit with our specific requirements and extend that according to our need. Next step is to validate our assumption with the other contemporary protocols and find allthe pros and cons of our developed solution using simulation. After finding the effectivenessof our solution in comparison with others, probably we need to carry on the experiment alittle bit further to achieve the desired mark. In order to do this, I need to finalize it with mysupervisor once I have been admitted in the M.Phil course.

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