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Teoria Si Metodologia Curriculumui

Teoria Si Metodologia Curriculumui

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Published by miky.doublevitief

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Categories:Types, Speeches
Published by: miky.doublevitief on Jan 23, 2011
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09/11/2013

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Eklri HH) \BKPHG TH EB\KLKIKAHG DRPPHDRIRERHDrptri np. <\bkphg Drpphdrirerh% T|hhn|g g blrdg|hbh nkrg dgpb gpb dg k`hbd| lb dbpdb|gpb= vpkhbd|gpbgblrdg|hbh th g hnt|prhphhEb|klkikahg b lb|bpehng|g lb dgih|g|bg drpphdrirerh lb vgpglhaeg. Vgpglhaeg b rn ekl lbg`kplgpb g |bkphbh lb blrdg|hb th hnt|prhpb dgpgd|bpht|hdg. Ig `g}g blrdg|hbh t|hhn|hchdg trn| vrtbchngih|g|hib blrdg|hbh chhnl kphbn|gphib sgikphdb lg|b lb vpkcbtkp. Chngih|g|hib |pb`rhb dkndbvr|b ignhsbiri lhn|pb dbphn|bib vthjkikahdb th dbib gib tkdhb|g|hh. Dbphn|bib tkdhb|g|hh trn| dbphn|bib lb`g}g.Eb|klkikahg vpkhbd|gphh drpphdrigpb th gvihdg|hsb ig |kg|b nhsbibib= vpkhbd|gpbg pbckpebh)drptrphikp) ibd|hhikp. Tb `g}bg}g vb vphkph|g|bg chngih|g|hh *gibabe ckpeg lb kpagnh}gpb) t|hiht|hdg)eg|bphgib(Chngih|g|bg
 —
hlbgiri blrdg|hbh ‣. k chngih|g|b lb tht|be sh}bg}g tkdhb|g|bg) hlbgiri vbptkngih|g|hhdpbg|hsb th gr|knkeb) |hvhd tkdhb|g|hh hnckpeg|hkngib *tdjhe`gph ckgp|b pgvhlb(.
 —
Tdkvrphib abnbpgib tgr t|pg|bahdb gib blrdg|hbh
 —
k`hbd|hsb gib hnt|prhphh *gib vpkcbtkprirh( abnbpgib) tvbdhchdb) dkevibzbNkpeg|hsh|g|b= vphndhvhh) ibah) vphndhvhh dgpb vpkvrn kplkngpbg gd|hsh|g|hh. \hvrph lb vphndhvhh=7.Vphndhvhri dbn|pgphh vb k`hbd|hsb0.Vphndhvhri dkpbtvknlbn|bh hn|pb dkevknbn|bib vpkhbd|rirh4.Vphndhvhri hnlhshlrgih}gphh<.Vphndhvhri hn|bapgphh hn t|prd|rpgK`hbd|hsbib drpphdrirerh
 —
Hlbn|hchdgpbg gddbv|hrnhikp lb `g}g=7.Vgpglhaeg— eklbi lb g`kplgpb g vblgakahbhVphndhvgibib vgpglhaeb=Hn bvkdg vpbeklbpng *tc tbd 78(vgpglhaeg dbn|pht|ggsgnl eklbiri *hn dbn|pri blrdg|hbh tb gcigvpkcbtkpri(.Hn bvkdg eklbpng) tb |hnlbg tvpb k gtvhpg|hb g t|hhn|bh? vgpglhaeg g`kplgphh vthjkikahdb gblrdg|hbh) dgnl hn dbn|pri blrdg|hbh t|g|bgr dbphn|bib vthjkikahdb?bt|b k vgpglhaeg tkdhk%dbn|pht|g*Behib Lrpojbhe( dgnl tb ktdhibg}g hn|pb dbib lkrg |bnlhn|bHn bvkdg vkt|eklbpng 5vgpglhaeg drpphdrirerh) hn g lkrg mreg|g|b g tbd. ZZ) spbg tg pb}kisbdkncihd|ri th vrnb hn dbn|pri blrdg|hbh chngih|g|hib gdbt|bhg.
0.
Vpkhbd| blrdg|hs5 Drpphdrireri *L! Jghekn|(78<8) Pgivj \gxikp) ’Vphndhvhh lb `g}g gib Drpphdrirerh th gib hnt|prhphh―Vphndhvhri bt|b lb g
 —
tbibd|g tdkvrphib th k`hbd|hsbib gd|hsh|g|hh hnt|prhphh
 —
vpkvrnb bzvbphbn|b lb hnsg|gegn| dkpbtvrn}g|kgpb tdkvrphikp th k`hbd|hsbikp
 
 —
t|g`hih rn dglpr lb kpagnh}gpb g gd|hsh|g|hikp vphn eb|klb glbdsg|b
 —
bsgirg apglri lb lbchnhpb g tdkvrphikp th k`hbd|hsbikp
 —
tbibd|g dkn|hnr|rph
 —
vpkvrnb eb|klb bchdhbn|b
 —
Hlbn|hchdgpbg th t|rlhbpbg crnlgebn|bikp drpphdrirerh= b|hekikahdb) ht|kphdb) chiktkchdb)tkdhkikahdb) vthjkikahdb) vblgakahdbCrnlgebn|bib b|hekikahdb\bpebnri b igntg| hn tgzkng *kpha. ig|hng( hntbengnl k drptg) rn lpre) lb kplhn dgih|g|hs 5drptri ckpegphh kerirh vb `g}g rnbh eb|klb tvbdhchdbCrnlgebn|bib ht|kphdbGr vgp|b lb 4 b|gvb= % vpbeklbpn) hn tbd 73%78 db gsbgr k vpkapgeg tdkigpg ibag|g lb dkn|hnr|
 —
drpphdrireri eklbpn — 7860) gsgnl dg dbi egh egpb vblgaka vb Mkjn Lbqbxdgpb g cgdr| ibag|rpg lhn|pb vpkapgeg th bzvbphbn|g bibsrirh? Cp. @k``h|| — 787: dgnl k`hbd|hsbib db t|gr ig `g}g drpphdrirerh trn| bzvpheg|b hn |bpebnhvthjkikahdh
 —
drpphdrireri vkt|eklbpn= \xibp vpkeksbg}g vphndhvhri lb `g}g= pg|hrnbgCrnlgebn|bib chiktkchdbBt|b skp`g lb k dkndbv|hb abnbpgig gtrvpg drpphdrirerh th lbtvpb blrdg|hb) lbtcgtrpgnlr%tbhn|p%k tkdhb|g|b vkt|eklbpng. Chiktkchg t|rlhg}g lhebnthrnbg abnbpgig g pbgih|g|hh) gt|cbilbvphn}gnl lkrg dgih|g|h gib drpphdrirerh= aik`gih|g|bg th lbtdjhlbpb cg|g lb dke|bz| hevrtg lbtkdhb|g|b.Crnlgebn|bib tkdhkikahdbT|hhn|g tkdhgig g`kplbg}g tkdhb|g|bg aik`gig th vbpeh|b big`kpgpbg rnrh drpphdrire vkpnhnl lb igdbphn|bib tkdhgib abnbpgib= dkndbv|ri lb dri|rpg th g dbirh lb dri|rpg abnbpgig. Crnlgebn|bibtkdhkikahdb tb pbcbpg ig tr`t|gn|g dri|rpgih}gphh drpphdrirerh. K`hbd|hsbib tbpsbtd ig pbgih}gpbgvk}h|hsg g crnd|hbh dbn|pgib g blrdg|hbh= ckpegpbg th lb}ski|gpbg vbptkngih|g|hh.Dri|rpg — bt|b rn gntge`ir gi sgikphikp dpbg|b lb ke *tvhph|rgib th eg|bphgib() sgikphikpt|hhn|hchdb) |bjnkikahdb) gp|ht|hdb) chiktkchdb) vkih|hdb) pbihahkgtb) bdknkehdb.
 —
k`htnrhn|g lb shg|gDri|rpg abnbpgig pbvpb}hn|g sgikphib abnbpgib *tdkgig abnbpgig() tb pbcbpg ig chiktkchb dg eg|bphb.Hnsg|gegn|ri vphegpb bt|b k dri|rpg abnbpgig hnt|prebn|gig) hnh|hgpb hn t|hhn|b ng|rpgib) tkdhgib.Dri|rpg abnbpgig lb `g}g 5 nhs tdkihh abnbpgib *73 gnh( ckpebg}g t|prd|rpg lb `g}g gvbptkngih|g|hh= t|prd|rph gv|h|rlhngib) dkanh|hsb.Crnlgebn|bib vthjkikahdbLhebnthrnbg vthjkikahdg g k`hbd|hsbikp= dkevb|bn|b) dgvgdh|g|h.\bkphhib hnsg|gphh lbtdphr cbnkebnb vthjhdb hevihdg|b hn hnsg|gpb * dkanh|hsb) ebekphb( hgpgdbt|bg |pb`rhb |pgntckpeg|b hn eklbib lb hnt|prhpb dgpb tb `g}bg}g vb dknlh|hkngpb.Eklbiri dknt|prd|hshterirh gpb rn dgpgd|bp abnb|hd tgr vthjkikahd th vibgdg lb ig
 
sgikphchdgpbg |pgtg|rphikp vthjhdb dkanh|hsb gib chbdgpbh sgpt|b. *lb}ski|gpbg lrdb ig hnsg|gpb( 5dknt|prd|hshte tkdhk%dri|rpgiCrnlgebn|bib vblgakahdb gib drpphdrirerhTrn| gtharpg|b lb chngih|g|hib blrdg|hbh.Chngih|g|hib blrdg|hbh% trn| kphbn|gphib sgikphdb t|g`hih|b lb vpkhbd|gn| ig |kg|b nhsbirphib tht|berirh th vpkdbtrirh lbhnsg|gegn|. Chngih|g|hib dkndbn|pbg}g dgpgd|bpht|hdhib abnbpgib gib blrdg|hbh.Dgpgd|bpri |bibkikahdpbvpb}hn|g kphbn|gpbg tvpb dbsg) k |hn|g) bt|b k dgpgd|bpht|hdg ggd|hsh|g|hikp regnb.Dgpgd|bpri gzhkikahd=g|hnabpbg sgikphikp crnlgebn|bg}g dkn|hnr|rphib abnbpgib gibblrdg|hbh.Dgpgd|bpri vpktvbd|hsgn|hdhvbg}g vphndhvhhib chngih|g|hikp= hlbgi) tdkv) k`hbd|hs
 —
crnd|hg abnbpgig g chngih|g|hh bt|b vpkhbd|gpbg drpphdrigpg g gd|hsh|g|hikp lb blrdg|hbh th lbhnt|prhpb.
 —
T|prd|rpg chngih|g|hikp= |kg|b chngih|g|hib *eklbiri irh \xibp( gr k lr`ig lhebnthrnb=vthjkikahdg *dkevb|bn|b) dgvgdh|g|hh( th tkdhgig *dkn|hnr|rph hevkp|gn|b pbdrnktdr|b lbtkdhb|g|b(? pkiri ekpgi *gsbe pgtvrnlbpb ekpgig( th egngabphgi *nr vpkvrnbe irehhpbgih}g`hib( gi chngih|g|hikpTbehngp np. 2Egngabebn|ri tht|berirh lb hnsg|gegn|%bt|b rn |hv lb dknlrdbpb trvbphkgpg dgpb sh}bg}g vignhchdgpbg) kpagnh}gpbg) kphbn|gpbg thhnlpregpbg eb|klkikahdg) pbaigpbg th gr|kpbaigpbg vpklrtbikp tvbdhchdb lkebnhrirh hnt|prhphh hndglpri rnbh gd|hsh|g|h dkevibzb vpkhbd|g|g th pbgih}g|g ig nhsbi aik`gi) kv|he tht|pg|bahd. Crn|hhibtrn| dbn|pgpb gtrvpg= vignhchdgphh th kpagnh}gphh tht|berirh) kphbn|gphh th hnlpregphh vpkdbtrirh lbhnsg|gegn| *chngih|g|hib blrdg|hbh( ig nhsbi lb aprv hn|bpeblhgp th lb `g}g.
 —
Digthchdgpbg chngih|g|hikp *Db}gp @h}bg(= k`hbd|hsb5chngih|g|h? dkn|bz|ri blrdg|hb) vb igpa 5tht|be lb hnsg|gegn|) hn tbnt pbt|pgnt 5 vpkdbt lb hnsg|gpb ‣. Chngih|g|bg lb tht|besh}bg}g tkdhb|g|bg=
 —
Chngih|g|h egdpkt|prd|rpgib gib blrdg|hbh5 tb pbcbpg ig pbig|hg lhn|pb blrdg|hb thtkdhb|g|b) dr vphndhvgibib lkebnhh gib tkdhb|g|hh) lbchnbtd kphbn|gphib sgikphdb dgpbgtharpg vpkhbd|gpbg th pbgih}gpbg gd|hsh|g|hikp lb chngih|g|b g vbptkngih|g|hh ig nhsbi lbtht|be. Bzht|g lkrg chngih|g|h egdpkt|prd|rpgib=7 Hlbgiri blrdg|hbhpbvpb}hn|gchngih|g|bg lb egzheg abnbpgih|g|b dgpb lbchnbt|b rn vpk|k|hv lb|bpehng| hn eklk`hbd|hs lb |bnlhn|bib lb bskir|hb gtdbnlbn|g g tkdhb|g|hh. Hlbgiri blrdg|hbh gpb rndgpgd|bp ht|kphd g`t|pgd|) vpktvbd|hs) vkih|hd th t|pg|bahd.0 Tdkvrphib abnbpgibgibblrdg|hbh pbvpb}hn|g chngih|g|hib egdpkt|prd|rpgib lb|bpehng|b lb hlbgi dgpb gnagmbg}gpbgih}gpbg vphn big`kpgpbg lhpbd|hhikp abnbpgib lb gd|hrnb hnt|h|r|hkngih}g|b ig nhsbi lbvkih|hdg blrdg|hkngig. Dph|bphhib nbdbtgpb vbn|pr gibabpbg tdkvrphikp vblgakahdbnbdbtgpb trn|= gtharpgpbg dkndkplgn|bh dr hlbgiri vblgakahd pbgih}g`hig vphn gd|hrnhvignhchdg|b ig nhsbi lb vkih|hdg g blrdg|hbh) lbvgthpbg t|gphh gd|rgib) sgikphchdgpbg

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