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Chilled Beam Systems as a New HVAC Possibility

Chilled Beam Systems as a New HVAC Possibility

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Published by Shikha Sakhuja
chilled beam system
chilled beam system

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Published by: Shikha Sakhuja on Jan 24, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/24/2011

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Chilled Beam systems
as a new HVAC possibility
 
An Overview
Introduction
A Chilled beam systems differ from other radiant systems as their primarymode of heat transfer is convection. This design allows for efficient coolingand, in the case of the active beam, heating.Chilledbeams tend to havemuch higher capacities than other radiant products and are therefore ideallysuited for areas with high sensible cooling loads, perimeter spaces or areaswhere ceiling space is at a premium.
What it is?
An alternative to a conventional VAV system, this cooling device separatesventilation and dehumidification.
It's made of copper tubing and bonded to aluminum fins; it's housed in asheet metal enclosure and is usually placed at ceiling level.
"It's a fan coil without a fan".
It has chilled water piped to it, and it provides convective cooling.
You get underfloorair distribution benefits in a ceiling-based system.
 
Main difference between Chilled Beams and Traditional systems
Traditional chilled water systems rely on air handling units to move heat fromthe room air and transfer it to the water. The chilled air is then blown throughduct work to the occupied spaces. Fan coil units move the chilled watercloser to the occupied space and require less room above the ceiling.
Chilled beams also move the chilled water closer to the occupied space thanair handlers and attempt to limit or eliminate the energy required by fans.
Because of water’s innate properties, it can carry significantly more energy
than air per unit volume.
The specific heat capacity of one cubic foot of water at standard temperatureand pressure is 20,050.56 J*K, and the specific heat capacity of one cubicfoot of air at standard temperature and pressure is 37.05 J*K.
Factoring in the increased density of air in a duct, a 1" diameter pipe ofwater can carry the same amount of energy as an 18" x 18" duct of air.
Chilled beams vs Traditional VAV

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