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Kimia Analisis Uji Kation

Kimia Analisis Uji Kation

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categoriesTypes, School Work
Published by: Agung ผมซูเปอร์ Dwi Saputro on Jan 24, 2011
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03/21/2014

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LAPORAN PRAKTIKUM KIMIA ANALITIK IREAKSI – REAKSI KATION
DISUSUN OLEH:
Agung Dwi Saputro062109006PROGRAM STUDI KIMIAFAKULTAS MATEMATIKA DAN ILMU PENGETAHUAN ALAMUNIVERSITAS PAKUANBOGOR 
 
2010 - 2011
DAFTAR ISI
DAFTAR ISI ..................................................................................................................iiBAB I .............................................................................................................................1PENDAHULUAN ..........................................................................................................1Dasar teori .............................................................................................................. 1Tujuan ..................................................................................................................... 3BAB II ............................................................................................................................4REAKSI ......................................................................................................................... 4Kation Golongan I .................................................................................................. 4Kation Golongan IIA ..............................................................................................5Kation Golongan IIB .............................................................................................. 5Kation Golongan IIIA ............................................................................................6Kation Golongan IIIB ............................................................................................ 7Kation Golongan IV ...............................................................................................8Kation Golongan V ................................................................................................9BAB III .........................................................................................................................11CARA KERJA ............................................................................................................. 11Kation Golongan I ................................................................................................ 11Kation Golongan IIA ............................................................................................ 12Kation Golongan IIB ............................................................................................ 13Kation Golongan IIIA ...........................................................................................14Kation Golongan IIIB ...........................................................................................15Kation Golongan IV ............................................................................................. 16Kation Golongan V ...............................................................................................17BAB IV ........................................................................................................................ 19DATA PENGAMATAN ..............................................................................................19Kation Golongan I ................................................................................................ 19Kation Golongan IIA ............................................................................................ 20Kation Golongan IIB ............................................................................................ 20Kation Golongan IIIA ...........................................................................................21Kation Golongan IIIB ...........................................................................................22Kation Golongan IV ............................................................................................. 23Kation Golongan V ...............................................................................................24BAB V ..........................................................................................................................26PEMBAHASAN .......................................................................................................... 26BAB VI ........................................................................................................................ 34KESIMPULAN ............................................................................................................ 34DAFTAR PUSTAKA ................................................................................................... iiiii
 
BAB IPENDAHULUAN
Dasar teori
Analisis kation dapat memberikan kepastian hasil uji jika dalam sampelmengandung suatu macam kation. Untuk itu diperlukan metoda pemisahan kation daricampurannya. Pemisahan kation cara-caranya pada prinsipnya adalah sebelum ujireaksi dilakukan kation dipisahkan terlebih dahulu dari campurannya. Setelah kationdipisahkan kemudian dilakukan uji reaksi yang dapat dilihat hasilnya yaitu endapanatau warna kedua-duanya. Cara ini membutuhkan sampel yang agak banyak lebihkurang 10 ml tergantung kepekatan larutan sampel.Kation kation golongan pertama membentuk klorida-klorida yang tidak larut. Namun, timbel klorida sedikit larut dalam air, dan karena itu timbel tidak pernahmengendap dengan sempurna bila ditambahkan asam klorida encer kepada suatucuplikan yaitu ion timbel yang tersisa itu, diendapkan secara kuantitatif denganhidrogen sulfida dalam suasan asam bersama-sama kation golongan kedua. Nitrat dari kation-kation ini sangat mudah larut. Diantara sulfat-sulfat, timbelsulfat praktis tidak larut, sedang perak sulfat larut jauh lebih banyak. Kelarutanmerkurium (I) sulfat terletak diantara kedua zat diatas. Bromida dan iodida juga tidak larut, sedangkan pengendapan timbel halida tidak sempurna dan endapan itu mudahsekali melarut dalam air panas. Asetat – asetat lebih mudah larut, meskipun perak asetat bisa mengendap dari larutan yang agak pekat. Hidroksida dan karbonat akandiendapkan dengan reagensia yang jumlahnya ekuivalen, tetapi kalau reagensia berlebihan, ia dapat bertindak dengan bermacam-macam cara. Juga ada perbedaandalam sifat zat – zat ini terhadap amonia.Kation golongan 1 mengandung kation logam yang terendapkan sebagaisenyawa klorida yang tak larut. Kation – kation ini dapat diendapkan dengan pereaksiasam klorida.1

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