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Published by arshu1463
global warming
global warming

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: arshu1463 on Jan 25, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Global warming is the increase in the average temperature of the Earth's near-surface air andoceans in recent decades and its projected continuation.Global average air temperature near the Earth's surface rose 0.74 ± 0.18 °C (1.3 ± 0.32 °F)during the past century. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concludes,"most of the observed increase in globally averaged temperatures since the mid-20th centuryis very likely due to the observed increase in anthropogenic greenhouse gasconcentrations,"[1] which leads to warming of the surface and lower atmosphere by increasingthe greenhouse effect. Natural phenomena such as solar variation combined with volcanoeshave probably had a small warming effect from pre-industrial times to 1950, but a coolingeffect since 1950. These conclusions have been endorsed by at least 30 scientific societies andacademies of science, including all of the national academies of science of the majorindustrialized countries. The......The sun’s energy enters the atmosphere in the form of light waves and heats up the earth.Some of that energy warms the earth and then is re-radiated back into space in the form of infrared waves. Under normal conditions, a portion of the outgoing infrared radiation isnaturally trapped by the atmosphere, keeping the earth’s temperature comfortable. About 25years ago, scientists determined that this thin layer of atmosphere is being thickened by hugequantities of human-caused carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. And as it thickens, ittraps a lot of the radiation that would otherwise escape the atmosphere and into the universe.As a result, the temperature of the earth’s atmosphere—and oceans—is getting dangerouslywarmer (Gore 26-27).And herein lays the controversy. Is the earth warming normally due to natural climate cycles,or is it warming at an unprecedented pace due to an increase in human-generated greenhousegasses? The focus of this debate......
Global Warming The beginning of the Industrial Revolution brought many new,exciting inventions into our lives to simplify our lives and made them more efficient.Such inventions included cars, household appliances and plants that burn solidwaste, fossil fuels such as oil, natural gas, and coal, and wood and wood products forfuel. Before the Industrial Revolution, human activities caused very few gases to bereleased into the atmosphere, but now scientists say, through the burning of fossilfuels, a large population growth and deforestation, humans are affecting the mixtureof gases in the atmosphere. This mixture of gases in the atmosphere is causing theworldwide problem known as Global Warming. According to the United StatesEnvironmental Protection Agency, the earth has a natural “greenhouse effect” whichis caused by energy from the sun controlling the earth’s weather and climate, andheats the earth’s surface. In response to the sun, the earth radiates energy back intospace. Atmospheric greenhouse gases such as water vapor, carbon dioxide, andother gases, trap the energy leaving the earth and retaining it as heat, much like agreenhouse ceiling. This is a natural and necessary effect, without it temperatures onearth would be much lower than they are now and life as it is today would not bepossible, but with the greenhouse effect the earth’s average temperature is a morecomfortable and life-supporting 60 degrees Fahrenheit. The problems that havearisen with the greenhouse effect have occurred due to the increase in atmosphericgreenhouse gases. The EPA reports that data collected over the last 100 years showsthat the average land surface temperature has risen between .8 and one degreeFahrenheit, precipitation has increased around one percent over the globe and thesea level has risen approximately 6-8 inches, approximately 1-2 inches of the risecaused by melting mountain glaciers and another 1-4 inches has resulted from theexpansion of the ocean water as a result of the warmer ocean temperatures.Scientists believe that the increase in greenhouse gas concentration, especially of carbon dioxide, is being caused by the combustion of fossil fuels and other humanactivities. Fossil fuels burned to run cars and trucks, heat homes and businesses, andpower factories are responsible for about 98% of the total U.S. emission of carbon
dioxide, 24% of the methane emissions and 18% of nitrous oxide emissions. Alsocontributing a significant share of emissions is the increase in agriculture,deforestation, landfills, industrial production, and mining. Scientists predicted that in1997 the United States was responsible for the emission of about one-fifth of thetotal global greenhouse gases. The total amount of future emissions depends on arange of factors, such as demographic, economic, and technological policy andinstitutional developments, making it difficult to estimate future emissions. Despitethe difficulty scientists have made some predictions; they predict that by the year2100, without emissions control policies, carbon dioxide concentrations will be 30-150% higher than they are today. Scientists also expect that the earth’s averagesurface temperature could ride 1.6 – 6.3 degrees Fahrenheit by 2100. It is alsoexpected that the sea level is likely to rise two feet along most the U.S. coast. Today,according to the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF), for every one person out of thesix billion people on Earth, almost six tons of carbon dioxide re released into theatmosphere each year. Because of human activities, the atmospheric concentrationof this greenhouse gas has risen by over 30% over the last 250 years. According tothe EDS, people can reduce the amount of carbon dioxide and other greenhousegases being mixed into the atmosphere. Using public transportation, walking orbiking to school or work, or if you must drive, join a carpool and use a car that getshigh mileage are suggested to lower carbon dioxide levels. The EDS alsorecommends using energy-efficient appliances in your house, weatherizing yourhome and using renewable energy sources, like solar heat or wind power. Natural gasreleases the least amount of carbon dioxide and therefore is recommended toreplace coal and oil in power plants and factories. Climate change, such as globalwarming, is a global problem that requires actions of improvement from the entireinternational community. According to the EPA countries from around the world,including the United States, are working together to share technologies, experience,resources and talent to lower total greenhouse gas emissions and reduce the threatof global warming. These efforts, commonly referred to as Technology Cooperation,

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