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BAB-II-Keanekaragaman-M-Hidup1

BAB-II-Keanekaragaman-M-Hidup1

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Published by: anon_964368 on Jan 25, 2011
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11/26/2012

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BAB II. KEANEKARAGAMAN DANKLASIFIKASI MAKHLUK HIDUP
A.KEANEKARAGAMAN MAKHLUK HIDUP1.Tingkat Keanekaragaman Makhluk Hidup
a.Keanekaragaman tingkat ekosistemInteraksi komponen biotik dan abiotikmenciptakan suatu ekosistem.Keanekaragaman disebabkan krn letakgeografis ( laut, hutan bakau, padangrumput, savana, hutan hujan tropis, hutanpinus, padang rumput, lumut, batu, pasir, es
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b. Keanekaragaman tingkat jenisManusia (laki-laki-perempuan, rambutkriting-lurus-hitam kecoklatan dll.)c. Keanekaragaman tingkat genGen adalah faktor pengatur sifat yg tdp dlm selmakhluk hidup.Contoh: variasi pada warna bunga mawar,variasi sidik jari manusia, dll2. Keunikan Keanekaragaman Makhluk Hidup diIndonesia
Tanda banyaknya flora dan fauna
a.Memiliki hewan tipe oriental, australia dan peralihan
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Alfred Russel Wallace(Inggris) ke Indonesiath. 1856. Terkenal dg garis Wallacenya-membuat hewan terbagi menjadi 2 tipefauna yaitu tipe oriental (sumatra, jawa, bali,kalimantan) dan tipe australia (sulawesi,papua, maluku, NTB, NTT)Weber(Jerman) ke Indonesia stlah Wallace.Terkenal dengan garis Weber (dr sblh timursulawesi memanjang keutara kep. Aru. Faunadi Sulawesi merupakan fauna tipe peralihan.
24/01/20113

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