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VCA Mombasa (for Dissemination)

VCA Mombasa (for Dissemination)

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Published by Jerome Thomas
Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment is a participatory investigative process designed to diagnose, assess, analyze and address risks that affect communities. It aims at determining people’s vulnerability to those risks and the capacity they possess to cope with hazards and recover from disasters.
Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment is a participatory investigative process designed to diagnose, assess, analyze and address risks that affect communities. It aims at determining people’s vulnerability to those risks and the capacity they possess to cope with hazards and recover from disasters.

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Published by: Jerome Thomas on Jan 25, 2011
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11/13/2011

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original

 
 
2010
 
Vulnerability and CapacityAssessment
Building Community Capacity and Resilience to reduceDisaster Risks in Mombasa by analyzing Vulnerability and Capacity of selected Communities
Study Supported by Kenya Red Cross (KRCS) Mombasa Branch through Post Tsunami Rehab Project funded by the German Red Cross.
By 
Joram H. Oranga 
 
ii
|
 
Page
 
Table
of Cont 
ent
 
 A
bstra
t««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
...iii. Ack
nowledgement««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
.iv.Li 
st
 
of 
Ac 
ronyms«««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
........v.Li 
st
Fi 
gures
 
and
 
Tables««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
..
«
.vi.Li 
st
 
of 
App 
endi
es««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
v
ii
.1.0 I
ntrodu
tion««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
12.0 O 
bje
ti
v
es
 
of 
 
the
tudy«««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
23.0
Theoreti
al/Con
eptual
F
ramewor 
k
«««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
..33.1
Theoreti
al
F
ramewor 
k
of 
 
the
 
study«««««««««««««««««««««««««««
.........33.2
Con
eptual
 
framewor 
k
of 
 
the
 
study«««««««««««««««««««««««««««
..........44.0 S 
tudy
 
Te
hniques,
ethods
 
and
aterials
 
««««««««««««««««««««««««««
.64.1 V
C
 A S 
tudy
ites««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
..
«
64.2 D
ata
 
and
D
ata
 
Colle
tion
I
nstruments««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
..75.0 R 
esults
 
and
F
indings
 
of 
 
the
V
C
 A P 
ro
ess«««««««««««««««««««««««««
.. ..105.1 S 
us
eptibility
 
to
D
isasters«««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
.105.1.1 Ex
posure
 
to
azards««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
..115.2 S 
us
eptibility
 
to
ealth
 
Consequen
es
 
and
N
utritional
 
Conditions«««««««««««««««
...125.3 V
ulnerability
D
emographi
ally««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
.....165.4
Community
V
ulnerability««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
185.5 D
isaster 
reparedness
 
Capa
ity«««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
.....216.0 S 
ummary
 
of 
 
the
F
indings«««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
. 247.0
Con
lusions
 
and
e
ommendations««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
..26
eferen
es«
...
««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
....27 A
ppendi
es«««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
28
 
iii
|
 
Page
 
 A
bstra
t
 
The
 
purpose
 
of 
 
this
eport
 
is
 
to
 
present
 
a
 
tentati
v
e
 
framewor 
k
for 
edu
ing
V
ulnerability
 
and
uilding
 
Community
esilien
e
 
and
 
determine
v
ariability,
hange,
 
influen
e
 
and
 
transformation
 
generally
 
appli
able
 
to
 
a
 
wide
 
range
 
of 
onte
x
ts,
 
systems
 
and
 
hazards
 
and
 
address
 
the
ause-effe
ts
 
of 
 
hazards
 
on
 
the
 
lo
al
 
ommunity
 
studied
.
o
ial
V
ulnerability
 
is
 
distinguished
 
from
 
biophysi
al
v
ulnerability,
 
whi
h
 
is
 
broadly
 
equi
v
alent
 
to
 
the
 
natural
 
hazards
on
ept
 
of 
 
ris
k. A c 
on
ise
 
typology
 
of 
 
physi
ally
 
defined
 
hazards
 
is
 
presented;
 
the
 
relationship
 
between
 
the
v
ulnerability
 
and
 
adapti
v
e
apa
ity
 
of 
 
a
 
human
 
system
 
depends
 
riti
ally
 
on
 
the
 
nature
 
of 
 
the
 
hazard
 
fa
ed
. A
daptation
 
by
 
a
 
system
 
may
 
be
 
inhibited
 
by
 
pro
ess
 
originating
 
outside
 
the
 
system;
 
it
 
is
 
therefore
 
important
 
to
onsider 
³
e
x
ternal´
 
obsta
les
 
to
 
adaptation,
 
and
 
lin
k
s
 
a
ross
 
s
ales,
 
when
 
assessing
 
adapti
v
e
apa
ity
. W
hen
 
disasters
 
o
cc 
ur,
 
they
 
do
 
not
 
affe
t
 
e
v
eryone
 
in
 
the
 
same
 
way
. I
n
 
emergen
y
 
planning,
 
it
 
is
 
important
 
to
 
pay
 
spe
ial
 
attention
 
to
 
the
 
needs
 
of 
 
people
 
who
 
are
 
deemed
 
parti
ularly
 
at
 
ris
k
,
 
or 
 
the
³
most
v
ulnerable´
.
The
ommon
v
iew
 
is
 
that
³v
ulnerable
 
populations´
 
in
lude
 
the
 v
ery
 
young,
 
the
v
ery
 
old,
 
women
 
and
 
people
 
with
 
disabilities,
 
while
 
partially
 
a
cc 
urate,
 
this
v
iew
 
of 
 
the
³
most
 v
ulnerable´
 
is
 
often
 
misleading
 
and
ould
 
result
 
in
 
inappropriate
 
response
 
e
x
pe
tations
 
or 
 
a
ti
v
ities
. S 
tated
 
more
 
spe
ifi
ally,
 
not
 
all
 
seniors,
 
youth
 
or 
 
women
 
are
³v
ulnerable´
.
ome
 
may
 
in
 
fa
t
 
be
 
more
 
adept
 
at
 
responding
 
to
 
disaster 
 
than
 
their 
 
general
 
grouping
 
or 
 
population
ategory
 
might
 
first
 
indi
ate
.
ost
 
importantly,
 
the
V
C
 A
model
 
fo
uses
 
on
 
the
 
population
 
of 
 
a
ommunity
 
with
 
the
 
obje
ti
v
e
 
of 
 
answering
 
these
 
three
 
questions:
 
who
 
are
 
the
ommunity¶s
³
most
v
ulnerable´;
 
where
 
do
 
they
 
generally
 
reside;
 
and,
 
what
 
is
 
their 
apa
ity
 
to
 
respond
 
or 
 
re
o
v
er?
 
The
V
C
 A
model
 
is
 
intended
 
to
 
be
 
appli
able
 
uni
v
ersally
 
a
ross
 
di
v
erse
ultures,
ommunity
 
sizes,
 
geographi
lo
ations,
 
or 
 
resour 
e
 
le
v
els
. H 
owe
v
er,
 
to
 
apply
 
the
 
model
 
su
cc 
essfully,
 
two
k
ey
 
ingredients
 
are
 
required:
 
a
 
team
 
effort
 
by
 
a
 
broad
 
group
 
of 
 
people
 
who
 
refle
t
 
the
ommunity,
 
as
 
well
 
as
 
its
k
ey
 
sta
k
eholders;
 
and
 
a
 
patient
 
effort
 
to
ontinue
 
to
 
e
x
pand
 
ones¶
 
understanding
 
of 
³v
ulnerability´,
 
the
³
most
v
ulnerable´
 
and
 
the
 
reality
 
of 
 
emergen
y
 
situations
.

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