WITH RESTRAINED ENDS
Thin-wall rectangular section torsion member with a restrained end.
a generalization of the von KhAn-Chien solution, a solution presented bySmith et al.
indicates that the torsion member in Figure
does not warp if
In addition, they presented a solution for the case when
They found that the normal stress distribution at the end was nonlinear as indicatedin Figure
has the units of MPa and
has the unitsof
m. For hollow torsion members with rectangular sections of constant thickness andrestrained ends, similar normal stress distributions at a restrained end
predicted in thepapers by von KhAn and Chien
and Smith et al.
Restrained from Warping
Consider an I-section torsion member subjected to a twisting moment
Ifboth ends of the member are free, the torsional moment
is resisted entirely by the tor-sional rigidity
where the torsional constant
of the member is approximately equal tothe combined torsional constants of the cross sections of the individual rectangles (twoflanges and the web); see Eq.
However, if one end of the member is restrained suchthat warping
the torsional moment
is resisted by both thetorsional rigidity
of the web and flanges and the warping rigidity of the two flanges act-ing as beams parallel to the
Let the section at the wall be restrained from warping.
small distance from thewall, say, at section
artial warping takes place and the twisting moment
may beconsidered to be made up of two parts. One part is a twisting moment
produced by thelateral shear forces since these forces constitute a couple with moment
The second part is twisting moment
which produces warping on the section in theabsence of end restraint. Hence,
is given by Eq.
The values of
are unknown since the values of V’and
at any section are notknown. Values of these quantities must be found before the lateral bending stresses in the
I-Section Torsion Member Having One End