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Is Socialism Dead by Mazdoor Mukti

Is Socialism Dead by Mazdoor Mukti

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Published by Mazdoor Mukti
The history of success and failure of the revolutions in the 20th century reaffirmed and reasserted the great axiom: workers emancipation is the act of the workers themselves. A Communist Party, whatsoever wise and correct it might be, can neither introduce communism from above through decrees and sermons, nor liberate the workers.
The following article examines the theory and practice of substitutionism, where the Communist Party substitutes the working class and the Party dictatorship substitutes the proletarian dictatorship.
The article also analyses the causes of the perpetuation of this theory among a large section of the communists in spite of its utter failure.
This critical assessment of the theory of substitutionism tries to locate the role of theory, organisation and individual in a revolutionary process and revolution on its legitimate historical perspective.
The history of success and failure of the revolutions in the 20th century reaffirmed and reasserted the great axiom: workers emancipation is the act of the workers themselves. A Communist Party, whatsoever wise and correct it might be, can neither introduce communism from above through decrees and sermons, nor liberate the workers.
The following article examines the theory and practice of substitutionism, where the Communist Party substitutes the working class and the Party dictatorship substitutes the proletarian dictatorship.
The article also analyses the causes of the perpetuation of this theory among a large section of the communists in spite of its utter failure.
This critical assessment of the theory of substitutionism tries to locate the role of theory, organisation and individual in a revolutionary process and revolution on its legitimate historical perspective.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Mazdoor Mukti on Aug 14, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/05/2011

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Is SocialismIs SocialismIs SocialismIs SocialismDead?Dead?Dead?Dead?
A
mazdoor mukti 
publication
 
2
Contents
PART-I
 Is Socialism Dead?
A CallA Critical Assessment
On China
The Chinese Communist Party, the Chinese State and the Chinese Society:A Proletarian QueryThe Chinese Cultural RevolutionFrom Mao to Deng
On Eastern Europe
How the Revolution Was made to OrderGlimpses of Class Struggle
The Dictatorship of the Proletariat and DemocracyThe Socialist State and Socialism
PART-IIMore on
 Is Socialism Dead?
Lessons of the Defeat
(
 A Critical Assessment of the Development in Soviet Russia)
[
Note:
This is an abridged version of 
“Is Socialism dead?” 
published (English edition) in11 January 2004.In the previous unabridged edition,
Part I 
was reprinted from the booklet (Englishversion) published in 1991.
Part II 
was reprinted from the booklet
“More on
 IsSocialism Dead?” 
(English version) published in 1992.The English version of Part-1, in its turn was basically a translation of articlespublished in
 Mazdoor Mukti
(
“Workers’ Emancipation”
, a Bengali periodical) in twospecial bulletins; first one, immediately after the Tiananmen Square massacre, andanother, after the radical changes in Eastern European countries. Gautam Sen editedprevious editions.]
Internet Edition 13 August 2008 Edited by: Gautam Sen
 
3
 Editor’s Note 
More than a decade has passed since we published our assessment on i) thecause and background of Tiananmen Square massacre; ii) the fall of ‘socialist’citadel of Soviet Russia and East Europe.However precise our assessment was, we not only welcomed the fall of Berlin Wall and collapse of soviet system, we categorically stated in those countriesthe system which died historically was not socialism, because as a system,socialism is yet to born. We reiterated that socialism means abolition of classes and as a corollary,there is no question of existence of state in socialism. According to our analysis, though the October Revolution in Russia wasinitiation of the proletarian socialist revolution, the working class of Russia andover the world failed to continue the revolution. As a result, the revolution wasdefeated and thanks to the theoreticians of the victorious side, this, in turn,paved the path for the dictatorship of the Communist Party and cosequently gave credential to substitutionism.In case of the Chinese and East European revolution, there was not even anattempt for proletarian socialist revolution. The Party took power and that wasthe beginning and end of the revolution. The events during the last decade have vindicated our theorisation. Thedisintegrated states of erstwhile Soviet Russia took a radical turn towardsprivate capitalism (of course from state capitalism), thereby giving birth of muchpain and bloodshed. Some states of ‘Warsaw Pact’ have enthusiastically joinedNATO to get their share of imperialist booties. And the ‘Socialist’ China has boastfully and successfully introduced ‘market socialism’ !In the meantime, we, the rank and file communists have to pay more than a lot for the glorious performances and articulations of our fore-communists!Let us dare to question and challenge all the settled facts and theorisation. There is no other way for the emancipation of the workers and society!Kolkata, India  January 11, 2004
 

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