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Period and graphs of Trigonometric Functions

Period and graphs of Trigonometric Functions

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11/05/2012

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HG1

Course:
Pre calculus
Branch:
Functions
Topic:
Period and graphs of Trigonometric Functions
The Period of a Function
When the values of a function regularly repeat themselves, we say that thefunction is periodicDefinition:If, for all numbersx, the value of a function at
x
+
p
is equal to the value at xIf
f
(
x
+
p
) =
f
(
x
), then the function is Periodic and has a period ‘p ExampleThe function
y
= sin
x
has period2
π
, becausesin (
x
+ 2
π
) = sin
x
.The height of the graph at
x
is equal to the height at
x
+ 2
π
, for all xProperties of Trigonometric functionsThe properties of the 6 trigonometric functions: sin (x), cos(x), tan(x), cot (x),sec(x) and csc(x), include the graph, domain, range, asymptotes (if any),symmetry, x and y intercepts.

1. Sine Function, f(x) = sinxDomain:Real NumbersRange: [-1 , 1]Period: 2
π
Symmetry: sin(-x) = - sin (x) then sin (x) is an odd function and its graph

is symmetric with respect to the origin (0 , 0).x- Intercept: n
π
, where n is integery- Intercept: y = 0Intervals of increase/decrease
:
Over one period from 0 to 2
π
, sin (x) is increasingon the intervals (0,
2
π
) and (
32
π
, 2
π
), and decreasing on the interval (
2
π
,
32
π
).Cosine Function : f(x) = cosx

Domain:Real numbersRange:[-1 , 1]Period
=
2
π
X-intercepts: x =
2
π
+ n
π
, where n is an integer.Y-intercepts:y = 1Symmetry:since cos(-x) = cos (x) then cos (x) is an even function and its graphis symmetric with respect to the y axisIntervals of increase/decrease:Over one period and from 0 to 2
π
, cos (x) isdecreasing on (0 ,
π
) increasing on (
π
, 2
π
).Tangent Function: f(x) = tanx Domain:Real numbers except
2
π
+ n
π
, n is an integer.Range:Real NumbersPeriod
=
π
x-intercepts:x = n
π
, where n is an integer.y-intercepts:y = 0