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Inclusion&Education in EU-Recommendations

Inclusion&Education in EU-Recommendations

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InclusionandeducationinEuropeancountries
INTMEASReportforcontract–2007‐2094/001TRA‐TRSPO
Final report: 3. Discussion and recommendations
 
George Muskens
LepelstraatAugust 2009
 
This is an independent report commissioned by the European Commission's Directorate-General for Education and Culture. The views expressed are those of the author(s) and donot necessarily represent the official position of the European Commission.The main author of this report isGeorge Muskens, research director at DOCA Bureaus andleader of the European research consortium INTMEAS that has carried out the present re-search assignment. Drafts of this report benefited from comments and advice from the con-sortium’s reference group members and from other experts in this field.Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.The electronic version of this report is available at:http://www.docabureaus.nl/INTMEAS.htmlAvailable INTMEAS-reports:1. Summary/sommaire/Zusamenfassung2. Comparative conclusions3. Discussion and recommendations4. France

5. Germany6. Hungary7. Italy8. The Netherlands9. Poland10. Slovenia11. Spain12. Sweden13. UK14. Experts and PLAINTMEAS Reference GroupGeorge Muskens, project leader Jaap Dronkers, expert adviser José Ramón Flecha, expert adviser Jill Bourne, expert adviser Danielle Zay, leader French research teamIngrid Gogolin, leader German research teamPál Tamás, leader Hungarian research teamFrancesca Gobbo, leader Italian research teamMicha
ł
Federowicz, leader Polish research teamAlbina Neçak Lük, Sonja Novak Lukanovic, leaders Slovenian research teamMariano Fernándes Enguita, leader Spanish research teamElena Dingu Kyrklund, leader Swedish research teamRae Condie, leader UK research team
 
TABLEOFCONTENTS
1
THEEU’SRESPONSIBILITYFORINCLUSIONANDEDUCATION ...........................................1
1.1
S
TATUTORYORPOSSIBLYSTATUTORYRESPONSIBILITIESOFTHE
EU...........................................1
1.1.1
HalvingearlyschoolleavingintheEU,LisbonStrategy2000‐2010.....................1
1.1.2
TheGrandChamber’sruleconcerningRomaschools..........................................3
1.2
T
HE
C
OMMISSION
SOPENMETHODOFCO
ORDINATION
.........................................................4
1.2.1
Openmethodsofco‐ordinationthroughPLA‐clusters.........................................4
1.2.2
Improvedopenmethodsofco‐ordination............................................................5
1.3
C
URRENTFUNDSANDPROGRAMS
.......................................................................................8
1.3.1
TheLifelongLearningprogram............................................................................9
1.3.2
TheResearchFrameworkprogram....................................................................11
1.3.3
Structuralfunds..................................................................................................12
1.3.4
DAPHNE,YOUTHandCULTURE..........................................................................13
2
THERESPONSIBILITIESOFNATIONAL,REGIONAL,LOCALANDEDUCATIONALAUTHORITIES.......................................................................................................................15
2.1
T
HESTATUTORYRESPONSIBILITYOFTHEAUTHORITIES
..........................................................15
2.2
T
HEOPENMETHODOFCO
ORDINATION
.............................................................................15
2.3
R
ELEVANT
EU
PROGRAMS
...............................................................................................17
3
SUPPORTINGSCHOOLS,TEACHERSANDTRAINERS........................................................19
3.1
K
EEPINGPUPILSABOARDINMAINSTREAMEDUCATION
.........................................................19
3.2
T
EACHERSUPPORTMEASURES
..........................................................................................20
3.2.1
 Additionalstaff...................................................................................................20
3.2.2
Teachertraining.................................................................................................21
3.3
P
OINTSTHATMAYDIVERTTHEATTENTION
..........................................................................21
3.3.1
Inappropriateforceandtop‐downcommunication...........................................22
3.3.2
Workloadandoverload......................................................................................23
3.3.3
Outplacement.....................................................................................................23
3.3.4
Theownresponsibilityofparentsandpupils.....................................................25
3.3.5
Changingtheteachers .......................................................................................26
3.3.6
Non‐educationaldisciplines,prioritiesandpreferences.....................................27 
3.4
F
INALREMARK
...............................................................................................................28
4
REDUCTIONOFEARLYSCHOOLLEAVING:DISCUSSIONANDRECOMMENDATIONS ........30
4.1
W
HATDATAWERETOBEUSED
?.......................................................................................30
4.2
F
URTHERRESEARCH
:
TYPES
,
NUMBERS
,
APPROPRIATEMEASURES
,
WEAKCOUNTRIES
.................30
4.3
N
ORATIONALEARLYSCHOOLLEAVING
...............................................................................31
4.4
W
HATMEASURESFORPUPILSANDGROUPSAT
(
HIGH
)
RISK
...................................................33
4.5
F
OCUSONACCEPTABLESCHOOLS
,
PEDAGOGYANDCONDITIONS
.............................................33
4.6
I
NVOLVEMENTOFTHESOCIO
ECONOMICSECTOR
................................................................34
5
PUPILSBELONGINGTOTARGETGROUPSAT(HIGH)RISK...............................................35
5.1
I
NCLUSIVEEDUCATIONMEASURES
.....................................................................................36
5.2
P
RIORITYEDUCATIONMEASURES
......................................................................................36
5.3
S
AFEEDUCATIONMEASURES
............................................................................................37
BIBLIOGRAPHY.....................................................................................................................39

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