EPRI TR-105872sElectric Power Research InstituteAugust 1996
R E P O R T S U M M A R Y
Nuclear Plant Operationsand MaintenanceNuclear plant life extensionEngineering and TechnicalSupportMaintenance support
Safety and Relief Valve Testingand Maintenance Guide
This guide gives a broad overview of self actuated and power oper-ated pressure relief devices (PRDs) — safety, relief, safety relief, andpower-operated relief valves — and their application and mainte-nance. The non-reclosing devices, like the rupture discs, are outsidethe scope of this guide. The information in this guide, though directedtowards the nuclear power plant personnel, will assist all power plantpersonnel responsible for the maintenance of PRDs. This guide canalso be used by training instructors to develop course materials.
In nuclear power plant applications, a high demand of reliabil-ity is placed on safety and relief valves. These valves might be required to openfor accident mitigation and reseat after system pressure is reduced and re-turned to normal operating conditions. Certain recent incidents involving im-proper operation of the relief valves in nuclear power plants have raised con-cern about their operability within the specified limits. This guide has beendeveloped to provide utility personnel with a background on valve design,selection, application, maintenance, repair, refurbishment, and testing to gain athorough understanding of the principles and operating mechanisms of PRDs.
•To provide general information on PRDs•To provide necessary guidance to power plant personnel responsible forselection, maintenance and testing of PRDs.
EPRI organized a Technical Advisory Group (TAG) consisting ofPWR and BWR utility personnel, leading relief valve manufacturers and USNRCto provide input and review the guide. Plant visits were conducted and personnelfrom the manufacturers and various utilities were interviewed for detailed informa-tion. The Nuclear Plant Reliability Data System (NPRDS) and Licensee EventReport (LER) databases provided information on reported failures and theircauses by valve type. Highlights of ASME Code requirements for testing of safetyvalves along with guidelines on bench testing with auxiliary-lift devices are alsoincluded, as well as recommendations on predictive and preventive maintenance.
This guide attempts to address the concerns of the operatingnuclear utilities as expressed in various documents (SERs & SOERs) issued bythe Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO), and the USNRC in its reportAEOD/S92-02. This guide is divided in 10 sections that progress as informationbuilds from previous sections. Persons being introduced into the field of safetyand relief valves should approach this guide beginning to end. Experiencedtechnicians looking for specific information should refer to specific topicalsections. Appendices provide advanced information.