-tall trees calledemergent- (30m to 50m)-their crowns appearabove the canopylayer.-tall, thick, straighttrunks
-(15m to 30m)-their wide, shallowand umbrella-shapedcrowns form acontinuous leaf cover,called a canopy.As they preventsunlight formpenetrating into thelower layers of theforest.-contain parasiticplants
-(6m to 15m)-they have narrower,oval-shaped crownsthe lack of waterduring thedry seasondoes notallow treesto grow togreatheights
-(0 to 6m)-more spread out
than those on TRF.
-(like TRF) plantssuch as creepers,vines, epiphytesand parasiticplants
found withinthis layer.
-(6m to 15m)metresas the
cannot provide firm support
forvery tall trees togrow.-Average heightof 15 metres-Generallyshorter thantrees in TRF
-nearest to thecoast-plants growinghere haveadapted togrowing in saltwater
as the coastal zone is flooded with seawwter during high tide.
-the trees havebreathing rootse.g.
treessunlight received inthe temperateregion-Low soil nutrientlevel caused by thenature of the leaf Litter
Nature of leaf litter:-Leaf litter is madeup of
do not break down easily
tosupply nutrients tothe soil