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American Coatings Association Letter to Chairman Issa - January 10, 2011

American Coatings Association Letter to Chairman Issa - January 10, 2011

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Published by CREW
In December 2010, Representative Darrell Issa, Chairman of the U.S. House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, sent a letter to over 150 companies, trade groups, and research organizations asking them to identify federal regulations that adversely affect job growth. This letter is one of the many responses that CREW has collected and posted for public review.
In December 2010, Representative Darrell Issa, Chairman of the U.S. House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, sent a letter to over 150 companies, trade groups, and research organizations asking them to identify federal regulations that adversely affect job growth. This letter is one of the many responses that CREW has collected and posted for public review.

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Published by: CREW on Jan 26, 2011
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AmericanCoatings
ASSO
CIATION
January
10,2011
The Honorable Darrell IssaChairmanCommittee
on
Oversight
&
Government ReformU.S. House of RepresentativesWashington,
DC
20515Dear Chairman Issa:On behalf of the American Coatings Association (ACA), thank you for the opportunity to identifyproposed pr existing
regulatioJ")s
that are negatively impacting our industry and our continuedability
~o
innovate
in
a globally competitive economy.As
you
pursue the larger reform agenda, we believe that some concrete oversight action
is
needed
on
the following areas of health, safety and environmental policy being actively pursued
by
the current administration. While ACA will continue to pursue
all
available redress for ourconcerns, we welcome your consideration and support,
in
particular
as
the nation seeks toexpand what appears to
be
an emerging but still fragile economic recovery.
DOT Special Permits
In
order to obtain a Special Permit, applicants must submit
an
application containing specificinformation regarding transporting the hazardous material at issue.
US
DOT
is
required
to
make a finding that the applicant
is
"fit" prior to granting a Special Permit. During 2009, thePipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration issued guidance which substantiallychanged the criteria upon which a "fitness determination"
is
made.The guidance, however,articulates criteria that appears to
be
beyond PHMSA's authority and,
in
addition, does notarticulate what constitutes fitness or a finding of "unfit."ACA
is
signatory to a coalition effort designed
to
convince PHMSA to initiate a rulemaking toarticulate the fitness criteria more clearly. This petition for rulemaking was filed
in
midDecember.
In
addition, the coalition has also sought a legislative amendment to the Hazardous MaterialTransportation Act (it is
up
for reauthorization)
to
require PHMSA to establish fitness criteria fora Special Permit
by
rulemaking. Representative Graves (R-MO), Chair of Small BusinessCommittee, has indicated his support for such
an
amendment and has drafted such legislation.It has not been introduced. The desired solution
is
a rulemaking to establish these criteria. This
can be
accomplished
by
PHMSA responding positively to the petition for rulemaking.
It
couldalso
be
accomplished
by
the Graves Amendment. At this point
in
time, PHMSA has indicatedthat a rulemaking
is
appropriate yet there
is
no
evidence that a rulemaking has been initiated.
1500
R
HODE
ISLAND AVENUE
N.W.·
WASHINGTON,
DC
20005
T
202.462.6272
F
202.462.8549
 
The final rule issued earlier this week (HM-233B) did not address the fitness criteria.It didaddress information that
is
required to
be
included
in
the application. The final rule requiressignificantly more information
on
the application and makes the process more complex. There
is
a significant backlog of applications and renewal applications (over 2500) at PHMSA
and
thisfinal rule will only add to that backlog.
National Aerosol Coatings Rule
The national rule for aerosol coatings contains a very short list of compounds (169) that
can
be
used
in
aerosol coatings formulas. This
is
in
contrast to the California rule where the Table ofMIR Values contains over 800 (and soon will be expanded to include over 1200).If a companywants
to
use a compound that
is
not
on
the EPA list, the unlisted compound must
be
assigned adefault value of 22.04,regardless of the actual MIR value
on
the ARB Table. A default value of
22
.
04
makes it impossible for any formulator
to
use
an
"unlisted EPA compound."We have petitioned EPA
to
add compounds
to
this list and at least one of these petitions wasfiled over a year ago. EPA has not responded; even
to
acknowledge the filing of the petition.The aerosol coatings regulation should
be
amended
to
include a mechanism
to
add compoundsto this'list more efficiently.
As
it currently stands,
in
order
to
add compounds
to
the list,it must
be
done
in
a fuB-blown rulemaking
wah
a NPRM,notice and comment, etc. As you know,this takes EPA years to complete.
In
the meantime, formulators are prevented from using thesecompounds that have been tested and assigned reactivity values
in
the California rule.
EPA Boiler MACT
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has proposed a rule that would establishstringent emissions standards
on
industrial and commercial
bo
ilers and process heaters (i.e.Boiler MACT). This broad-reaching proposal will directly impact paint manufacturers with newboiler operating and compliance costs with resultant
imp~cts
on
economic recovery
and
jobs
in
the industry. Recognizing the significant impacts of its initial proposal, EPA has asked thefederal District Court for the District of Columbia for
an
extension to re-propose the rule.Whilethis may
be
taken
as
a hopeful sign, any new EPA proposal must ensure that the standards areeconomically feasible and achievable
in
practice for
all
manufacturers that operate boilers.
EPA NAAQS for Ozone
The EPA
in
January 2010 issued a proposal
to
tighten the National Ambient Air QualityStandards
(NMQS)
for ground-level ozone standard from ti
he
existing 75 parts per billion (ppb)
to
a range between 70 ppb and 60 ppb.ACA's longstanding concern with such a move
is
theimpact
on
many of our industry's products which necessarily contain some volatile organiccompounds (VOC's), precursors
to
ozone formation, which are used
to
protect the substratesupon which they are applied. Often
in
the debate
on
tightening air quality standards the EPAhas not fully considered the life-cycle impacts of their proposals including the potential impact
on
the efficacy of the reformulated products
and
their ability
to
forestall deterioration of ournation's infrastructure.While our industry continues to innovate and find ways
to
reduce VOCemissions
and
maintain product quality, these far-reaching proposal
s
by
the agency may proveimpossible to meet. We believe it
is
important that any action
by
EPA to reduce the ozonestandard weigh the health and environmental benefits as well as the economic andinfrastructure impacts.
2
 
OSHA On-Site Consultation
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has recently moved to a moreadversarial approach toward business, issuing enforcement notices
as
a result of employers,
in
particularly small businesses,seeking to consult with OSHA to better understand and complywith existing workplace safety standards.As a result, businesses will likely cease reaching outto OSHA for help and
be
less likely
to
cooperate with OSHA programs seeking
to
fosterimproved compliance.
OSHA Noise Proposal
OSHA recently indicated that
it
plans to enforce noise level standards
by
redefining what
is
deemed "feasible" for employers to do
in
their workplace using engineering controls, unless
an
employer can show the effort
is
not feasible (i.e. will "put them out of business".) OSHA'sproposal would alter a long-running and effective policy that allows employers to useadministrative controls (limit exposure times) and provide "personal protective equipment," such
as
ear plugs and ear muffs, if they are more cost-effective than engineering controls.Suchchanges would need to
be
made
by
employers of all sizes,regardless of their costs.OSHA is pursuing this change outside the formal rulemaking process and, as such, and has not providedopportunity for input from the regulated community.
OSHA Injury and Illness Protection Program
OSHA
is
also developing a new regulation that would mandate a standard for employers'Injury and Illness Prevention Programs
(12P2)
.The regulation
is
expected to
be
proposed
in
thespring of
2011
and would have sweeping ramifications
on
all
aspects of both workplace safetyenforcement and the promulgation of new regulations. ACA believes the efforts made
by
employers operating effective safety and health programs should not
be
disrupted
by
this newmandate.
Cleaning Product Claims Policy under FIFRA at EPA,.
ACA continues to explore its options and coordinate activities with other industry tradeassociations with
an
interest
in
amending the EPA new guidance
on
cleaning product labels.The new agency guidance changes longstanding practice that allowed cleaning products tomake label claims regarding
cleaning of mold and mildew
stains, instead requiring thatcleaning products making such claims
be
registered
as
pesticides under the Federal InsecticideFungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA). This has the potential to affect companies thatmanufacture or distribute cleaning products required for surface preparation prior to theapplication of new finishes. FIFRA registration of a pesticide product is a detailed and costlyregulatory requirement that requires specialized knowledge and expertise, and failure toconform properly carries significant penalties. This change
in
"agencyguidance" can result
in
significant adverse impacts to industries relying
on
longstanding practices.
TSCA Inventory Update Rule
On
August 16, 2010 EPA issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPR) to amend the currentInventory Update Rule (IUR) which serves to direct the collection of information
on
chemicalmanufacturing, import, and processing activities
in
the US. The proposed rule
is
a dramaticdeparture from current practice
as
it expands the scope of the rule, requiring additionalinformation
on
an
increasingly broad array of chemical manufacturing activities, but also will
3 

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