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Properties of Fibers

Properties of Fibers

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Published by Faysal Islam
Description of some properties of fiber.
Description of some properties of fiber.

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Published by: Faysal Islam on Jan 26, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/21/2013

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AssignmentonProperties of fiber.
 
Date: 17/01/2011Submitted by: Submitted to:
Faysal IslamID. 09322015Batch: 13
th
 Program: B.S.T.E.
 
MD. ArifuzzamanLecturer of B.S.T.E.City University.
 
 
Introduction: Introduction: Introduction: Introduction: 
Textile is an essential factor for today’s life. Many important things to lead our live we get from textile. Those things are comes from the some raw materials which relative.The raw material of finished product is fabric.The raw material of fabric is yarn.The raw material of yarn is fiber.So the initial raw materials of textile, are fibers. To produce good quality product we have to have knowledge about fiber, knowledge about its properties. Some important properties are describe bellow one by one……..
PROPERTIES OF TEXTILE FIBERS: 
1.1.1.1. Length: Length: Length: Length: It depends upon the types of fibers. It is fine in case of manmade fiber but varies largely in case of natural fibers i.e. average length of cotton is 2-. The lengths are measured in three ways: 1. Average length by number or weight of fiber.
 
2. Effective length- which is the average length of the longer fiber of a bundle.3. Staple length – Fiber length as assumed by expert person .The effect of length: (i)Strength – The longer fibers are weaker than the shorter ones but they can give stronger yarn due to the friction.(ii)Processing – Cotton , Jute, Wool etc. need individual machine for spinning due to its length .(iii)Appearance : Long fibers are smoother than shorter fibers yarns made up of long fibers have less fiber projection while the yarn made up of shorter fibers have more projection.2.2.2.2. S SStrength & exte trength & exte trength & exte trength & extension nsion nsion nsion : :The capacity of a fiber to support a load is known as its strength. In case of a fiber, the strength is described as Tenacity i.e. tenacity=Strength / linear density Tenacity is expressed in terms of CNN / Tex or N /Tex 

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