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julius_caesar_essay

julius_caesar_essay

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Published by: Sharon Shoni Lee on Jan 27, 2011
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06/22/2013

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Julius Caesar Research
 
 Sharon Lee10/13/10P: G
Act III, Scene II Speech Analysis
 
³No
thing is s
o
unbelievable that
or 
at
or 
y cann
o
t make it acceptable.´- Cice
ro
,
 Paradora Stoicorum
. The speeches that B
utus and Ant
o
ny gave
o
ut afte
B
utus¶s deathsti
rr 
ed the citizens immensely
o
ve
a ve
y sh
or 
t pe
i
o
d
o
f time. The p
ow
e
 
o
f speech maded
astic influences. In the speeches
o
f each speake
, they p
esent humbleness, talk 
o
f Caesa
¶sl
o
ve f 
or 
them, ask questi
o
ns t
o
the plebeians, and sh
ow
 
espect t
o
Caesa
at thefune
al.H
ow
eve
, the
w
ay th
o
se things a
e exp
essed a
e ve
y diffe
ent and unique t
o
each
o
the speake
s.Afte
B
utus and the c
o
nspi
at
or 
s assassinate Julius Caesa
, the B
utus c
o
mes bef 
or 
ethe audience t
o
explain the
eas
o
n f 
or 
thei
acti
o
ns. The citizens
w
ait t
o
listen
w
hat B
utushas t
o
say and dete
mine if the incident
w
as justifiable
or 
n
o
t. B
utus sta
ts his speech by
³
Be patient till the last´ (line 13). This indicates h
ow
B
utus is
eady t
o
justify his and thec
o
nspi
at
or 
s¶ acti
o
n and pe
suade them. It als
o
p
ro
ves h
ow
B
utus sh
ow
s
espect t
ow
a
ds the pe
o
 ple because he d
o
es n
o
t t
y t
o
or 
ce them t
o
listen t
o
him n
or 
talks t
o
them
udely. He als
o
 calls the pe
o
 ple
³Ro
mans, c
o
unt
ymen, and l
o
ve
s´ (line 14), that supp
or 
ts his act
o
l
ow
liness. H
ow
eve
, B
utus als
o
says,
³
Believe me f 
or 
my h
o
n
or 
, and have
espect t
o
mineh
o
n
or 
that y
o
u may believe´ (lines 15~16). This c
o
nfi
ms B
utus¶s c
o
nfidence in the h
o
n
or 
  pe
o
 ple have f 
or 
him.On the
o
the
hand, Ant
o
ny als
o
sta
ts
o
ut in a simila
 
w
ay:
³Fr 
iends,
Ro
mans,c
o
unt
ymen, lend me y
o
u
ea
s´ (line 82).I
ro
nically, they call the plebeians slightlydiffe
ently. H
ow
eve
, in the
w
h
o
le, they say the same thing except f 
or 
the fact that B
utussays
³Ro
mans´ fi
st and Ant
o
ny says
³Fr 
iends´ fi
st. This c
o
uld indicate that B
utus s
o
ughtthe plebeians as t
ue
Ro
mans the m
o
st, and Ant
o
ny t
ied t
o
face them as f 
iends.B
utus calmly tells the pe
o
 ple h
ow
Julius Caesa
l
o
ved him, and that B
utusl
o
ved Caesa
t
oo
(lines 20~21). This sh
ow
s h
ow
B
utus is n
o
t af 
aid t
o
admit that fact because he had
espect f 
or 
Caesa
, and, he had c
o
nfidence in his acti
o
n f 
or 
it
w
as justifiablein his eyes. He als
o
questi
o
ns the pe
o
 ple in the c
o
nce
n that he might have
o
ffended any
o
ne(lines 35~36). He als
o
 
w
aits f 
or 
feedbacks, sh
ow
ing
espect in the plebeians¶
o
 pini
o
ns. Heals
o
uses
wor 
ds such as
³
Censu
e me in y
o
u
 
w
isd
o
m´ (line 17), that the pe
o
 ple a
e s
w
ayed by his humility fu
the
. Als
o
, B
utus states:
³
n
o
t that I l
o
ved Caesa
less, but that I l
o
ved
 
 
Ro
me m
or 
e´ (lines 23~24). He sh
ow
s his g
eat l
o
ve f 
or 
the pe
o
 ple by saying this. In effect,the pe
o
 ple l
o
ve B
utus m
or 
e as they listen t
o
him.
 N
eve
theless, Ant
o
ny als
o
sh
ow
s humbleness many times du
ing his speech.Inte
estingly, Ant
o
ny¶s l
ow
liness is sh
ow
n
w
hen he menti
o
ns h
ow
the c
o
nspi
at
or 
s andB
utus especially, a
e
³
n
o
 ble´ (line 86) and
³
h
o
n
or 
able men´ (lines 91, 163) seve
al times.I
ro
nically, Ant
o
ny¶s plan is n
o
t t
o
p
or 
t
ay the c
o
nspi
at
or 
s as h
o
n
or 
able men, but as the
o
 pp
o
site
o
f that. The
ef 
or 
e, Ant
o
ny gives the c
o
nspi
at
or 
s such h
o
n
or 
able titles
epeatedlyt
o
 sh
ow
c
o
nt
ast in the title
³
n
o
 ble men (line 165)´ and thei
acti
o
ns. The questi
o
ns Ant
o
ny asksa
e f 
or 
the pu
 p
o
se t
o
get feedbacks, but t
o
sti
up the plebeians¶ minds. Ant
o
ny is sneaky inh
ow
he actually p
esents the questi
o
n: A
e they
eally n
o
 ble men? Ant
o
ny sh
ow
s humblenessagain
w
hen he l
ow
e
s himself:
³
I am n
o
 
or 
at
or 
, as B
utus is, But as y
o
u kn
ow
me all, a plain blunt man...´ (lines 229~230).
 N
eve
theless, Ant
o
ny is in fact a ve
y g
oo
d
or 
at
or 
or 
he letsthe pe
o
 ple kn
ow
 
w
hat he
w
ants t
o
say by n
o
t even menti
o
ning his
eal intensi
o
ns in a sly andcunningly. The pe
o
 ple, h
ow
eve
, d
o
n
o
t
ealize the sneaky intenti
o
ns, but a
e f 
oo
led and p
ro
v
o
ked em
o
ti
o
nally by Ant
o
ny¶s
wor 
dings.B
o
th B
utus and Ant
o
ny sh
ow
s
espect f 
or 
Caesa
in the fune
al. B
utus sh
ow
s this byletting Ant
o
ny, Caesa
¶s fav
or 
ite f 
iend and f 
o
ll
ow
e
, speak at the fune
al despite the
isk (lines 63~64).By d
o
ing s
o
, B
utus als
o
sh
ow
s Ant
o
ny
espect and p
o
sitive attitude
o
acceptance.H
ow
eve
, Ant
o
ny d
o
es n
o
t think the c
o
nspi
at
or 
s¶ acti
o
n
w
as justifiable, and uses his
espect f 
or 
Caesa
t
o
sh
ow
h
ow
they a
e unjustified f 
or 
mu
de
ing such a g
eat h
o
n
or 
ableman as Caesa
.
F
i
st, Ant
o
ny questi
o
ns the plebeians if they th
o
ught Caesa
 
w
as
eallyambiti
o
us
w
hen Caesa
actually
efused the c
row
n th
ice (lines 99~106). Then, he desc
ibesh
ow
Caesa
l
o
ved
Ro
me s
o
much and if he
ead Caesa
¶s
w
ill t
o
the plebeians, it
wo
uld makethem mad (lines 153~158). Als
o
, Ant
o
ny menti
o
ns Caesa
¶s past he
ro
ic deeds like the vict
or 
y
o
ve
 
 N
evii (line 185). He says this f 
or 
he kn
ow
s that the pe
o
 ple had
o
nce all p
aised andl
o
ved Caesa
or 
his vict
or 
y and acc
o
mplishments. This supp
or 
ts Ant
o
ny because the gl
or 
i
o
usthings Caesa
did still
emains in the citizens¶ mind,
w
hich tu
ns them em
o
ti
o
nally especially
ight afte
Caesa
¶s death. Ant
o
ny als
o
b
ings upthe g
eat l
o
ve Caesa
had f 
or 
B
utus thatAnt
o
ny p
or 
t
ays B
utus as
³
Caesa
¶s angel´ (line 193). Lastly, Ant
o
ny
eads them Caesa
¶s
w
ill that c
o
ntained facts that Caesa
 
wo
uld give seventy-five d
achmas t
o
eve
y
Ro
mancitizen (line 256); n
o
t
o
nly that, but als
o
Caesa
¶s a
 b
or 
s and ne
w
-planted
or 
cha
ds (line 262).Since these p
aises a
e n
o
t f 
or 
Ant
o
ny but f 
or 
Caesa
, it p
ro
v
o
kes the pe
o
 ple m
or 
e f 
or 
it is n
o
t

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