Non woven geotextiles provide an eective solution to theproblem o constructing stable granular layers over sotoundation soils. When a granular layer is constructed directly ona sot subgrade, the imposed loadings such as trac may causeintermixing o the granular material with the sot subgrade. Thisresults in a loss o bearing strength o the granular layer andpremature ailure o the structure. This undamental issue and thesolution using a geotextile is shown in
.The overall stabilisation unction o a geotextile can be dividedinto three undamental components-separation, connement andltration. These are shown in
.When a geotextile is used or ground stabilisation the threecomponents do not necessarily contribute to the same degree
connement component depends on the tensile stresses whichcan be generated in the geotextile.These tensile stresses can only be generated i the suraceo the structure e.g. pavement, is deormed at each vehiclepassage. This has major implications when designing pavementsbecause permanent pavements cannot tolerate the amounto deormation (rutting) required to place the geotextile intotension. Thereore, or permanent pavements, it is not possible togenerate the connement component - although the separationand ltration components are still present.In all stabilisation applications, both the separation and ltrationcomponents contribute to the overall stabilisation unction o ageotextile. However, it is only those applications where signicantsurace deormations are tolerable e.g. access roads, that theconnement component can also be considered part o theoverall stabilisation unction o a geotextile.
Typical applications include:
Separation component: where the geotextile preventsthe intermixing o the granular layer with the sotsubgrade. By maintaining its integrity, the granularlayer achieves maximum bearing strength throughoutits depth over the ull design lie o the structure.
restrains lateral movement o the material at thebottom o the granular layer.
controlled passage o excess pore water rom thesot subgrade.
Intermixing o granular layer with sot subgrade
WITHOUT TERRAM GEOTEXTILES
Granular layerSot subgrade
WITH TERRAM GEOTEXTILES
Granular layer Terram Geotextile Terram maintains the boundaries between adjacent soil layers Terram Geotextile
SEPARATION COMPONENTFILTRATION COMPONENTCONFINEMENT COMPONENTWITH TERRAMWITHOUT TERRAM
Granular layer Terram maintains the boundaries between adjacent soil layersTerram maintains the boundaries between adjacent soil layersSot subgrade Terram GeotextileGranular layerSot subgrade Terram connes lateral movement o granular material Terram Geotextile TerramGeotextileGranular layerSot subgradeSot subgrade
Eect o separation component on bearing strengthdistribution within pavement structure.
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