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geotextiles

geotextiles

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Published by Vinay Raj

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Published by: Vinay Raj on Jan 27, 2011
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02/01/2014

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Geotextiles
 
Terram is a market leader in the design and manuacture oinnovative geosynthetics, providing a unique range o valueengineered solutions that also help minimise the environmentalimpact o construction.We are dedicated to the creation o innovative alternativesolutions to traditional construction methods when aced with adiverse range o engineering and environmental challenges suchas grade changes requiring retaining walls or slopes, or improvingsoil conditions or better perorming and more cost eectiveroadways, car parks, railways, and building structures.We combine our unique manuacturing process technologiesand extensive industry experience to create a dynamic systemresearch and development programme, designed to extend therange o solutions that Terram can oer.Intensive pre-manuacture computer based analysis, laboratorytesting and site trials are undertaken to determine the criticalperormance actors o all new systems.Once in production, extensive perormance and through lietesting regimes are implemented to ensure their long termunctionality and durability.Our unrivalled expertise and experience in the successul designand manuacture o geotextiles has been accumulated over 40 years. We remain committed to staying at the oreront in thedevelopment o innovative cost eective geosynthetic solutions.
WHY GEOTEXTILES
Within the construction and landscaping sector the use o geotextiles has becomeundamental in solving an increasingly diverse range o global geotechnical andenvironmental problems.Specically the primary benet o using geotextiles is to enhance the perormance,and design lie, o development within the built environment. Typical, traditional,applications or geotextiles include soil reinorcement, ground stabilisation,ltration, drainage, protection and erosion control. However, the ongoing impacto climate change and the requirement to deliver sustainable developmentis increasingly creating the need or more diverse and innovative geotextileapplications across all sectors.
Geotextiles are now incorporated into solutions to dealwith the increasing occurrence o:
•Flooding•Temperatureextremes•Differentialgroundmovementandnon-uniform
 settlement problems
•Landslipsandlandslides•Groundheave
Within the transportation, inrastructure and built environmentsectors, applications now include pervious paving systems,green roos, geocellular tank systems, trench soakawaysand reed beds.Through the ongoing commitment to achieve sustainabilitywithin the built environment, geotextiles are being incorporatedinto major inrastructure projects such as renewable energyschemes, on-shore wind arms and alternative orms o transport;such as light rail networks. Their use plays an active role inminimising the quarrying and use o natural aggregates o whichthere is a limited and nite supply.In addition to the many sustainability benets o using geotextiles,one o the primary advantages is the potential to reduce overallconstruction costs and in some cases having a major infuenceon the nancial viability o the proposed development. This isparticularly the case with browneld regeneration where thebenets o a reduced construction depth are highly signicant interms o capital costs, risk and overall contract periods.
WHY TERRAM
3
 
GROUND STABILISATION
Non woven geotextiles provide an eective solution to theproblem o constructing stable granular layers over sotoundation soils. When a granular layer is constructed directly ona sot subgrade, the imposed loadings such as trac may causeintermixing o the granular material with the sot subgrade. Thisresults in a loss o bearing strength o the granular layer andpremature ailure o the structure. This undamental issue and thesolution using a geotextile is shown in
diagram 1
.The overall stabilisation unction o a geotextile can be dividedinto three undamental components-separation, connement andltration. These are shown in
diagram 2
.When a geotextile is used or ground stabilisation the threecomponents do not necessarily contribute to the same degree
forallapplications.Forexample,thecontributionprovidedbythe
connement component depends on the tensile stresses whichcan be generated in the geotextile.These tensile stresses can only be generated i the suraceo the structure e.g. pavement, is deormed at each vehiclepassage. This has major implications when designing pavementsbecause permanent pavements cannot tolerate the amounto deormation (rutting) required to place the geotextile intotension. Thereore, or permanent pavements, it is not possible togenerate the connement component - although the separationand ltration components are still present.In all stabilisation applications, both the separation and ltrationcomponents contribute to the overall stabilisation unction o ageotextile. However, it is only those applications where signicantsurace deormations are tolerable e.g. access roads, that theconnement component can also be considered part o theoverall stabilisation unction o a geotextile.
Typical applications include:
•Highways•Railways•Carparks•Accessroads•Cyclewaysandfootpaths.
Separation component: where the geotextile preventsthe intermixing o the granular layer with the sotsubgrade. By maintaining its integrity, the granularlayer achieves maximum bearing strength throughoutits depth over the ull design lie o the structure.
Connementcomponent:wherethegeotextile
restrains lateral movement o the material at thebottom o the granular layer.
Filtrationcomponent:wherethegeotextileallows
controlled passage o excess pore water rom thesot subgrade.
Intermixing o granular layer with sot subgrade
WITHOUT TERRAM GEOTEXTILES
Granular layerSot subgrade
WITH TERRAM GEOTEXTILES
Granular layer Terram Geotextile Terram maintains the boundaries between adjacent soil layers Terram Geotextile
SEPARATION COMPONENTFILTRATION COMPONENTCONFINEMENT COMPONENTWITH TERRAMWITHOUT TERRAM
Granular layer Terram maintains the boundaries between adjacent soil layersTerram maintains the boundaries between adjacent soil layersSot subgrade Terram GeotextileGranular layerSot subgrade Terram connes lateral movement o granular material Terram Geotextile TerramGeotextileGranular layerSot subgradeSot subgrade
Eect o separation component on bearing strengthdistribution within pavement structure.
Bearing strength
    D   e   p   t    h
Bearing strength
    D   e   p   t    h
12
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