they will continue in this fashion. Evidence from CIRPfollow-up surveys also indicates that students whoexpect to volunteer in college actually do volunteer.
MORE STUDENTS TAKINg AP CLASSES AND EXAMS,RACIAL/EThNIC gROUP DIFFERENCES STILL EVIDENT
Since 2006 there have been slight increases in thenumber of incoming rst-year students who reporttaking Advance Placement (AP) classes and exams inhigh school. Today more than two-thirds (67.9%) of allrst-time, full-time entering students report taking atleast one AP course in high school. While fewer studentsfollow through to take AP examinations, the percentage taking at least one exam went upalmost 10 percentage points from slightlyover half, 50.9%, to 60.3% in the last veyears.Despite these increases, we continue to seedifferences between racial/ethnic groupsin AP experiences. Opportunities in highschools often determine if students gainaccess to AP courses. While only 5.4%of entering rst-year students at four-year institutions reported attending a school whereno AP courses were offered, this percentagewas much higher among American Indian(9.1%) and African American (6.8%)students compared with White (5.3%) anda “very good chance” they would engage in volunteer or community service work during college, an increase of 82.2% in just under 20 years. Though this rise has beensteady since the early 90s, increases in this expectation picked up steam in the end of this decade, rising 27.8% just since 2004.Volunteer participation in high school predisposesstudents to volunteering and community service whilein college. As the frequency of volunteering in the year prior to college increases so does the expectation for volunteering and community service in college. Moststudents who volunteered “frequently” in their lastyear of high school (56.9%) indicated that there wasa “very good chance” they wouldcontinue volunteering in college. Of those students who did not volunteer in high school only a very smallminority, 8.2%, expect to volunteer in college. Further, very few students(1.7%) who previously volunteered“frequently” reverse this trend andhave no expectation that they willcontinue in college, whereas one outof ve students (20.9%) who did notvolunteer previously expects that
VOLUNTEERINg hITS RECORD hIgh
This year, a record number of incoming rst-year students expect to participate in community service or volunteer work during college, with 30.8% indicatingthat there is a “very good chance” they plan toengage civically in this manner. An additional 41.3%of freshmen in 2009 indicate that there is “somechance” they will volunteer during college, and lessthan 10 percent (6.3%) stated they have no intentionof volunteering while they are in college. When thisquestion was introduced to the CIRP Freshman Surveyin 1990, only 16.9% of students indicated that there wasHispanic (3.6%) students. Hispanic students (at 54.3%)compare very favorably relative to other groups whoreport taking between 1 to 4 AP classes in high school(49.9% for White, 50.0% for multiracial students,45.3% for African American students, and a low of 39.1% for American Indian students). However, AsianAmerican students are more than twice as likely to take between 5 to 9 AP courses in high school compared toWhite students (33.8% and 15.4%, respectively). AsianAmerican students are also four times more likely(6.4%) to report taking between 10 to 14 AP coursesin high school compared with White students (1.5%).This pattern by race/ethnicity is similar for AP exam-taking, albeit with lower percentages.
% o f S t u d e n t s
Participate in Volunteer or
Community Service Work in
College“Very Good Chance”
Trends in the Expectation for Doing Volunteeror Community Service Work in College
Number of AP Courses Taken in High School, by Race and Ethnicity(percentages)
my High School
10 to 14