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Published by GothamSchools.org

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Published by: GothamSchools.org on Jan 27, 2011
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Published January 2011
The New York Civil Liberties Union (NYCLU) is one of the nation’s foremost defenders ofcivil liberties and civil rights. Founded in 1951 as the New York a
liate of the American CivilLiberties Union, we are a not-for-profit, nonpartisan organization with eight chapters andregional o
ces and nearly 50,000 members across the state. Our mission is to defend andpromote the fundamental principles and values embodied in the Bill of Rights, the U.S.Constitution, and the New York Constitution, including freedom of speech and religion,and the right to privacy, equality and due process of law for all New Yorkers.The Student Safety Coalition works to end the New York City School to Prison Pipeline andits disproportionate impact on youth of color and youth with special needs. Made up ofNew York City advocacy, academic and community based organizations, the coalition uses acoordinated set of legislative, public education and organizing strategies. To create respectfulschool environments and ensure the right to education for all students, the coalition promotespositive rather than punitive school safety and discipline measures and the participation ofstudents in school decision-making processes. The Student Safety Coalition includes:
This report was written by Johanna Miller, Udi Ofer, Alexander Artz,Tara Bahl, Tara Foster, Deinya Phenix, Nick Sheehan and Holly A. Thomas.It was edited by Jennifer Carnig, Mike Cummings, Donna Lieberman and Arthur Eisenberg. It was designed by Lauren Webster.Data analysis was performed by Deinya Phenix and Tara Bahl, formerlyof the Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, andJohanna Miller.The authors wish to thank all members of the Student Safety Coalition fortheir efforts in making this report a reality. Special thanks are due to AngelaJones, Nancy Ginsburg, Nelson Mar, Jessica Fisher and Jillian Sebastian.This report is dedicated to Beatrice Lieberman, a lifelong educator andpioneer for social justice who understood the power of positive reinforcementand what makes kids tick.It was made possible by the generous donations of theNYCLU Board of Directors and its supporters.
Executive SummaryI. Introduction
MethodologyZero Tolerance Discipline and SuspensionsWhat is Zero Tolerance?
II. Overview of New York City Discipline Policies
Roots of Disciplinary PoliciesStudents’ Due Process RightsNew York City Discipline CodeReliance on Police in Schools
III. New York City Suspensions Over the Last Decade
Suspensions Increase while Population DecreasesBlack Students are Suspended at Disproportionate RatesStudents with Disabilities are Suspended at Disproportionate RatesThe Academic E
ect of SuspensionsSub-Par Education at Suspension SitesSuspensions Increase Every Spring
IV. Conclusion and Recommendations
End the Practice of Zero Tolerance DisciplineMandate the Use of Positive Discipline StrategiesProtect Students’ Rights in Suspension HearingsIncrease Transparency Regarding School Safety and DisciplineProvide Support Services for Students’ Emotional and Psychological NeedsEncourage Meaningful Public Input on the Discipline Process
Appendix A: DefinitionsAppendix B: FOIL DataAppendix C: List of Subjective Infractions15

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