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Oliver Byrne - The First Six Books of the Elements of Euclid in which Coloured Diagrams and Symbols are Used Instead of Letters for the Greater Ease of Learners

Oliver Byrne - The First Six Books of the Elements of Euclid in which Coloured Diagrams and Symbols are Used Instead of Letters for the Greater Ease of Learners

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Published by Ng Boon Leong

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Published by: Ng Boon Leong on Jan 28, 2011
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08/08/2012

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INTRODUCTION.
Ii
HE
arts
and
( c i ~ n c r 5
havebKome
fa
ulenfivc.
thattofacilitatetheiracquirementis
of
u
much
i m p o r l a n ~
as
co
extendtheirboulldarics.
TI1ul'lr.nion.
if
il
d<,>cl
notf!lortcnthetime
of
fiudy,willatIeaflmake
it
mOre
agreeable.THIS
W O ~ ! <
h1lagreateraimthanmereillul1r.nion;
wc
donotintro-
d u ~
colounforthe
purport
of
entertainment,
or
10
amurr
'"
m-la;"
{_"illal;DIIJ
of
till'
"lid
far
...
,
bUI
to
a!1i1l
the
mindinits
rdearches
after
truth,
toincreafcthefacilities
of
inftrutlion,and
to
diffurc
permanent
knowledge.
If
wC
wantedauthoritiestoprovetheimportance.lId
ufefulnds
of
geometry,
we
mightquote
evuy
philofophnfinetthe
days
of
Plalo,AmongtheGreeks,inancient,
as
inthe(chool
of
Pellaloni
and
others
in
roxent
times,gcometry
was
adopted
as
the
beft
gymnatlic
of
themind.
In
fad,
Eudid'l
Elementshavebecome.
by
common
conCem,
theMfii
of
mathematical
(dellCC:
all
Over
thecivilizedglobe.ButIhilwill
nOl
appeareXlraordinary.
if
we
confidumalIhi.fublime
fdene<:
itnotonlybettercalculaledlhananyother
to
callfonhIhe
Cpirit
of
inquiry,
10
el.valethemind,and
to
Ilr.nglhenthe,eafoningfacultiet,but
al(Q
il
furm,thebellinuodudion
ID
mQIlQf
theufefuland
imp<>rtam
voc'l.!ioll$
o(
humanlife.Arithmetic,land.Curveying,men-
[u
....
lion.engineering,navigation,mechanics.hydrollatic.,
pneumuia,
optics,phyficalallronomy,
&c.
arealldepen_dem
on
lhe
prop<>filioru
of
geometry.
 
INTRODUCTION.
Muc:h
however
c k ~ n d .
On
the
lidl
communieation
of
any'=ience
10
alearner,lhoughthebeltand
moR
earyrneIDodtare
kldom
adoptro.Propolitionlareplattdbe
fore
aRudent,whothoughhavingafuilic:ienlunderltanding,
u
told
jull
ill
rnuc:h
aoo..n
d",m
on
entering
lI.l
lheveryIhrdbold
of
the'=ient'C,asgi..ahima
prepotrelTlOfl
mollunfuOI.I.,.ble
to
hil
fUlureRud,.
of
thildelightful
fubj«t;
or"
theformaliliel
and
panphem:l.lia
of
rigourare
fo
oRentaciouOyputforward.
ill
almolt
10
hidelhernlilY.
[ndldi
andperplexing",pelition.>whichdonolconfergrealerexactitudeonthernfoning.renderthedemonR.,.lionlinvolvedandobfcure.
and
concul
fromIheview
of
theRudentthe
confeCUlion
of
evidence."
Thus
an
averlion
il
cruted
in
themind
of
thepupil,
and
afubjed
fo
eakulued
toimproveIherelfoningpowers.andgivethehabit
of
clofethinking,ildegrlldedbyadry
and
rigid
CO\lrfe
of
inl1rudionintoanuninlm:Ainge:rcrcife
of
me
OlC:mof)'.
To
.,.irethe
curiofiry,
and
[0
awnen
the
lifUefa
and
dorman[
powen
of
y o u n ~ r
mindl
lboold
be
lheaim
of
~ r y
teaeher;butwhere
exampla
of
ucdknce
arewanting.theItlCmpu
10
aUlin
i[
arcbul
fe
........hileeminence
uci[eI
allenUooandprodllCl:limilltion.
The
objed:
of
rh.il
Work
il
10
inlrod","amethod
of
teaehing
ge0me-
try,which
hu
hem
muc:h
app..,...ed
of
by
many'=ientilicmeninthilcountry,
ill
....
ell
ill
inF.,.nce
Ind
America.The:planhe",adoptedforciblyIppealltotheeye,
the
moltfenfitive
and
themaRcomprehenfive
of
ourexternal
orpns,
Ind
itlpre-eminence
10
imprintit
fubjdl
onthemind
is
fupportcd
by
theincontrovertiblemaxim
uprdrcd
inthewellknownwordl
of
HOr1lCi:;-
 
INTRODUCTION.
;,
AU
Ian
....
~
conlills
of
Kl'"'knlllive
lign',andd>okligns.rt:lhebellwhicheffedtheirpurpofelwiththegrt:ltellprecifion
.nd
difpatch.Suchforallcommonpur
potn
an:the
.udiblelign'
called
word,.which
an
Ilil!
COO'IIidered
IS
audible.whelheraddrelredimmedi.atdytothe
elt,
orthrouCh
the
medium
of
lette.-
10
the
cyr:.
Cro
metrical
di.gnma
.te
/lO1
fign',
bUI
the
mneri,,!,
of
geomelricalfcience.the
obj.d
of
which
i,
10
Ihow
therelativeqw.ntitie'
of
their
pnu
by
"procef'
of
rt:"roningcalled
IXmonfln,tion.
Thil
rn.bning
has
been
geocl'lltly
carried
on
by...-onb,
kllen,
and
black
CC
unc:oloureddiagram,;but
u
the
ufe
of
roIoural
fymOO1l,
lign',anddiag
....
m,
in
the
linear
arlS
and!Cience,.tende.-theproccf'
of
reafon
inK
more
precife.
IIJ1d
theattainmentmort:
upedi'iou',
theyhafe
be<:n
inthi,
inlbl'lC1:
accordinglyadopted.
SlIcb
is
theeIpeditiorl
of
this
enticing
mode
of
communicuing
knowledge,
that
the
Ekmenu
of
Euclid
at!
be
acquired
in
leCs
thanonethird
the
time
ufua1l1
employed,
and
thert:tenlion
by
thememoryilmuchmorepermanent;thefeflcts
h.
...
ebeenafcerlained
by
numerou,
upcrimenu
made
bJ'
theinventor,andfefen.!
odwn
whoh....eadopted
his
pbna.
The
partic:ubn
of
wbich
an:
few
and
olwious;
the
kllen
annexed
10
poinu,lUx"
cc
other
puu
of
adiagn.m
ne
in
f.d
butnbitnr,ryname"andrt:pre(ent
them
in
ttu:
demonflnllion;inflead
of
thde,
the
parh
beingdlffer-mtlycoloured,
ne
made
8
10
name
themfdnx,
fUc
theirfornu
in~pond_
inS
colounrepresc:nltbem
in
the
demonflntion.
In
order
ID
give.
bel-te,idn.ofthiafyftem.andAC
of
the
advanllga
rinod
by
itsadopliorl.lel
us
ale
ariSht
,