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Unit7 Shielded Gas Arc Welding

Unit7 Shielded Gas Arc Welding

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Published by: JiwaKacau on Jan 28, 2011
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J3103/7/1SHIELDED GAS ARC WELDING
General Objective
: To understand the principles of shielded gas arcwelding i.e. TIG and MIG welding.
Specific Objectives
: At the end of the unit you will be able to :
Ø
Identify the principles of shielded gas arcwelding i.e. TIG and MIG welding.
Ø
Elaborate on the TIG and MIG weldingprinciples, welding procedures, weldingmachines, gas, etc.
Ø
State the advantages and disadvantages of TIGand MIG compared to manual arc welding.
Ø
State the weaknesses of TIG and MIG weldingand how to prevent them.
.
UNIT 7
OBJECTIVES
SHIELDED GAS ARC WELDING
 
J3103/7/2SHIELDED GAS ARC WELDING
7.0. INTRODUCTION
The objective of welding is to produce a welding joint that contains thesame mechanical properties as the base metal. The objective can be achievedif the molten metal is free from atmospheric air. If not, nitrogen and oxygengases in the atmosphere will be absorbed by the melting pool. The weldingproduced will have small pore that will weaken the weld.To prevent the welding, molten metal and the end of the filler rode andelectrodes from atmospheric air pollution before the molten metal becomesolid inert gas is blown out from the welding point. These gases will coverthe welding pools, the filler rod points and electrode tips to avoid oxidation.
7.1. TUNGSTEN INERT GAS (TIG)
The welding of aluminium and magnesium alloys by the oxy-acetyleneand manual metal arc processes is limited by the necessity to use a corrosiveflux. The gas shielded, tungsten arc process enables these metals and a widerange of ferrous alloys to be welded without the use of a flux. The choice of the either a.c. or d.c. depends upon the metal to be welded. For metalshaving refractory surface oxides such as aluminium and its alloys,magnesium alloys and aluminium bronze, a.c. is used whilst d.c. is used for
INPUT
 
J3103/7/3SHIELDED GAS ARC WELDING
carbon and alloy steels, heat-resistant and stainless steels, cooper and itsalloys, nickel and its alloys, titanium, zirconium and silver.The arc burns between a tungsten electrode and the work piece withina shield of the inert gas argon, which excludes the atmosphere and preventscontamination of electrode and molten metal. The hot tungsten arc ionizesargon atoms within the shield to form a gas plasma consisting of almostequal numbers of free electrons and positive ions. Unlike the electrode in themanual metal arc process, the tungsten is not transferred to the work andevaporates very slowly, being classed as ‘non-consumable’. Small amount of other elements are added to the tungsten to improve electron emission.
Figure 7.1.TIG welding equipment
Gas flowWater inletWater outletWeldingmachineTorchWork piece

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