Principles of Communication
1.2Signals physically exist in the time domain and are usually expressed as afunction of the time parameter
. Because of this feature, it is not too difficult, atleast in the majority of the situations of interest to us, to visualize the signalbehavior in the
In fact, it may even be possible to view the signalson an oscilloscope. But equally important is the characterization of the signals inthe
or Spectral Domain. That is, we characterize the signalin terms of its various frequency components (or its
). Fourier analysis(Fourier Series and Fourier Transform) helps us in arriving at the spectraldescription of the pertinent signals.
1.2 Periodic Signals and Fourier Series
Signals can be classified in various ways such as:a) Power or Energyb) Deterministic or Randomc) Real or Complexd) Periodic or Aperiodic etc.Our immediate concern is with periodic signals. In this section we shalldevelop the spectral description of these signals.
1.2.1 Periodic signals
is said to be periodic if
x t x t + T
, (1.1)for all
denotes the end of definition, example, etc.)
We will not discuss the multi-dimensional signals such as picture signals, video signals, etc.