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how to sing

how to sing

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Published by mikearev

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Published by: mikearev on Jan 28, 2011
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01/16/2013

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 1
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1.
 
1
Find
a qual
ified
vo
ice
t
e
a
cher
. Incorrect technique can damage your singing voice.Investing in an experienced voice teacher is well worth the money. If your voice is weak,this is usually caused by under-developed muscles or improper use of the resonators (the pharynx, the mouth, and the nasal cavity). Muscles can be strengthened and with trainingyou can learn how to use your resonators to project a powerful voice. Be careful in your choice of teacher -- there are some bad ones out there.
o
 
If you are a tenor, consider finding a teacher who is also a tenor, as the techniqueis somewhat different.
o
 
If you cannot afford or do not want the dedication that comes with hiring a professionalvoiceteacher, consider joining a local choir or try a "learn at home"vocal training program like Singing for the Stars or Singing Success to name afew that are out there.2.
 
2
L
e
a
rn
you
r
vo
c
al
r
a
nge
. This is essential, as singing pieces written for the wrong rangemay strain your voice. The tone of your voice is much more important than range. Peoplewillloveor hate your voice based on its sound character, not how many notes you canhit. Never sacrifice tone for range. Your range can change over time and with maturityand training.3.
 
3
C
o
rrec
t you
r
postu
re
. Stand tall with one foot slightly in front of the other one, feetshoulder width apart. This allows you to breatheeasily and to allow maximumlung capacityto allow better notes and phrases. Stand up straight, shoulders back and down,floating over your torso. Make sure that your chest is high to give room for your lungs toexpand and contract.Relaxyour jaw,relaxyour face. 4.
 
4
B
re
at
he
p
r
op
er
ly
.The voice is best described as a wind instrument, because breathing is80% of singing and proper singing begins and ends with proper breathing. Do not breatheup your chest - breathe in your stomach, so it will "expand" a little. While singing, your stomach should go in.5.
 
5
G
e
t to k 
n
ow you
r
s
inging
tools so t
h
at you a
re
mo
re
 
am
i
l
i
a
r
w
i
t
h
 
h
ow
e
v
er
yt
hing
 
i
ssuppos
ed
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l a
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mov
e
.
 
 2
o
 
Touch the top of your collar bone. About a half of an inch below your finger is thetop of your lungs.
o
 
F
ind your nipple line. This is the place where your lungs expand the largest.
o
 
F
ind your ribs. Your ribs move like bucket handles attached to your spine andyour sternum. When you breathe in, they move upward and make your chestexpand, when you breath out, they move downward and your chest decreases.
o
 
F
ind the place right below your sternum where your rib cages meet. This is the bottom of your lungs and the housing of your diaphragm. The reason your stomach may pooch out when you breathe deeply is because your diaphragm is pushing down on everything below your rib cage, not because your lungs are inyour stomach.6.
 
6
A
lways wa
r
m up b
ef 
o
re
you b
egin
s
inging
o
r
 
d
o
ing
p
r
a
c
t
ice
 
exerci
s
e
s
. You shouldalways warm your voice up in this pattern: middle range, low range, then high range, then back to middle. You should spend at least 10 minutes on each range and do not stressyour voice if you're frustrated and cannot hit a note. Warm back down or up to your comfortable range and then try again, carefully. Other things to practice:
o
 
dynamics - Sing a comfortable pitch and start very softly, crescendo to loud thendecrescendo back to soft. Do this with many different vowels and pitches.Dynamics are variations the intensity of your resonance. Even the simplest use of dynamics will make your songs come alive, and the more you practice, the louder and softer you'll be able to sing healthily. When reading music, from quietest toloudest, dynamics marks are as follows: pp (pianissimo, very quiet), p (piano,quiet), mp (mezzo piano, medium quiet), mf (mezzo forte, medium loud), f (forte,loud), ff (fortissimo, very loud). When you start out you will probably only beable to sing from mp to mf, but your range will increase with practice.
o
 
agility - Try singing from do to sol to do really fast back and forth, trying to hit allof the notes. Do this in increments of half steps on different syllables. This willhelp your voice become more flexible.7.
 
7
P
r
o
n
ou
nce
you
r
vow
e
ls
c
o
rrec
tly
. Words are truly nothing but a constant succession of vowels with consonants dropped in occasionally to create meaning. So practice all your vowels at every pitch (high, low and in between). In English there are very few purevowels. Normally, we will encounter diphthongs which are two or more vowel soundselided together. In classical singing, the singer will sustain the note on the first vowel andthen say the second on the way to the final consonant. In country, singers like to slidethrough the first vowel and elongate the second vowel on the sustained note. Where as: aclassical signer would sing "Am[aaaaaaai]zing Gr[aaaaaai]ce" and a country singer would sing "Am[aiiiiiii]zing Gr[aiiiiii]ce". If you can, always sing the first vowel for aslong as you can before letting the second vowel in. Here are some pure vowels to practicewith: AH as in "father", EE as in "eat", IH as in "pin", EH as in "pet", OO as in "food",UH as in "under", EU as in "could", OH as in "home". Try singing all of these vowelswhile maintaining your core sound which is the resonance in the mask of the face. You
 
 3
can do this in many ways. Some examples of singing exercises that use vowels are justsinging "mee may maw mow moo" and fluctuating the voice as you go. This warms your voice up and gives you practice with singing vowels.8.
 
8
P
r
a
c
t
ice
s
c
al
e
s
. You need to do this often if you have pitch problems. Most coaches willrecommend 20-30 minutes a day when starting out. Practicing scales will also strengthenthe muscles used for singing and give you better control. To practice scales, identify your range (tenor, baritone, soprano, alto, etc.) and know how to find the notes that cover your range on a keyboard or piano. Then practice the major scale in every key moving up anddown using the vowel sounds. At some point you can start working in minor scales aswell. Solfege (Do,Re,Mi,...) is also an effective tool for improving pitch problems.9.
 
9
B
e
 
re
aso
n
abl
e
w
i
t
h
you
r
s
e
l
f-ex
p
ec
tat
i
o
n
s
. Regardless of where you are coming from,if you can devote 20 minutes or more a day to practicing scales and songs you can expectmeasurable improvement within four weeks. Most pitch problems can be corrected within3-4 months. Understand that your progress is linked to your ability to practice daily (aswith most training). If you only do 15 minutes a day, a few days a week, you could spenda year or more. If you devote yourself you could completely transform your voice in threemonths. Everyone is different.10.
 
10
C
ool
d
ow
n
you
r
vo
ice
a
t
er
s
inging
. Always do the lip roll exercise after singing.
edi
tT
i
ps
y
 
A good practice technique to find resonance is to sing while bent over the back of a chair.
F
eel the mask of the face (the area around the nose, under the eyes and the top of theteeth) vibrating. This is the body's microphone. Always try to place the tone in the mask of the face.
y
 
The best kind of nutrition for the voice is water. Water will do many wonderful things for the voice and is also very essential to your body. If you are sick, pineapple juice mayclear the throat of phlegm but don't make a habit of anything besides water. Don't drink milk or orange juice before singing. Your voice will sound "blocked" by something.Sugar coats your throat. Imagine trying to stuff maple syrup in a flute to make it sound better!
y
 
There are two different registers of the voice, the head voice and the chest voice. In popular music, singers rarely produce sound for the head voice since it is harder to soundlike you are speaking in your head voice. Popular singers do not like to venture muchfrom the speaking voice. The chest voice actually feels like it is coming from the chest.You can feel the registers change if you sing up a scale from your lowest note to your highest note. Your head voice is what you will be using primarily in classical singing.

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