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Barron’s SAT I Basic Word List

Barron’s SAT I Basic Word List

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Barron’s SAT I Basic Word List
BARRON’S
HOW TO PREPARE FOR THE
SAT I
3,500 Basic Word List
Word List 1
abase-adroit
abase
V.
 
/
降低,羞辱
/
lower; humiliate. Defeated, Queen Zenobia was forced to
abase
herself before theconquering Romans, who made her march in chains before the emperor in the processioncelebrating his triumph. abasement,
N.
abash
V.
 
/
使难堪
/
embarrass. He was not at all
abashed 
by her open admiration.
abate
V.
 
/
减弱,减少
/
subside; decrease, lessen. Rather than leaving immediately, they waited for the storm to
abate.
abatement,
N.
abbreviate
V.
 
/
减短,缩写
/
shorten. Because we were running out of time, the lecturer had to
abbreviate
her speech.
abdicate
V.
 
/
/
renounce; give up. When Edward VIII
abdicated 
the British throne to marry the woman heloved, he surprised the entire world.
abduction
N.
 
/
绑架
/
kidnapping. The movie
Ransom
describes the attempts to rescue a multimillionaire's son after the child's
abduction
by kidnappers. abduct,
V.
aberrant
N.
 
/
不正常的
/
abnormal or deviant. Given the
aberrant 
nature of the data, we doubted the validity of theentire experiment. also
N.
abet
V.
 
/
帮助,鼓励
/
aid, usually in doing something wrong; encourage. She was unwilling to
abet 
him in theswindle he had planned.
abeyance
N.
 
/
悬而未决
/
suspended action. The deal was held in
abeyance
until her arrival.
abhor 
V.
 
/
憎恨
/
detest; hate. She
abhorred 
all forms of bigotry. abhorrence,
N.
abject
ADJ.
 
/
穷困潦倒,卑微
/
wretched; lacking pride. On the streets of New York the homeless live in
abject 
poverty, huddling in doorways to find shelter from the wind.
abjure
V.
 
/
发誓放弃
/
renounce upon oath. He
abjured 
his allegiance to the king. abjuration,
N.
ablution
N.
 
/
/
washing. His daily
ablutions
were accompanied by loud noises that he humorously labeled"Opera in the Bath."
abnegation
N.
 
/
批判,自我牺牲
/
repudiation; self-sacrifice. No act of 
abnegation
was more pronounced than hisrefusal of any rewards for his discovery.
abolish
V.
 
/
废除
/
cancel; put an end to. The president of the college refused to
abolish
the physical educationrequirement. abolition,
N.
abominable
ADJ.
 
/
可恶的,非常糟糕
/
detestable; extremely unpleasant; very bad. Mary liked John until she learned hewas dating Susan; then she called him an
abominable
young man, with
abominable
taste in women.
aboriginal
ADJ.
,
N.
 
/
原来的,土著的
/
being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native. Her studies of the primitiveart forms of the
aboriginal 
Indians were widely reported in the scientific journals. aborigines,
N.
abortive
ADJ.
 
/
不成功的,失
/
unsuccessful; fruitless. Attacked by armed troops, the Chinese students had toabandon their 
abortive
attempt to democratize Beijing peacefully. abort,
V.
1
 
Barron’s SAT I Basic Word List
abrade
V.
 
/
磨损,侵蚀
/
wear away by friction; scrape; erode. The sharp rocks
abraded 
the skin on her legs, so
she
put iodine on her 
abrasions.
abrasive
ADJ.
 
/
摩擦的,粗糙的,研磨剂
/
rubbing away; tending to grind down. Just as
abrasive
cleaning powderscan wear away a shiny finish,
abrasive
remarks can wear away a listener's patience. abrade,
V.
abridge
V.
 
/
删节,节选
/
condense or shorten. Because the publishers felt the public wanted a shorter version of 
War and Peace,
they proceeded to
abridge
the novel.
abrogate
ADJ.
 
/
废除
/
abolish. He intended to
abrogate
the decree issued by his predecessor.
abscond
V.
 
/
隐匿,逃避,躲债
/
depart secretly and hide. The teller who
absconded 
with the bonds wentuncaptured until someone recognized him from his photograph on "America's Most Wanted."
absolute
ADJ.
 
/
完全的,肯定的
/
complete; totally unlimited; certain. Although the King of Siam was an
absolute
monarch, he did not want to behead his unfaithful wife without absolute evidence of her infidelity.
absolve
V.
 
/
谅解
/
pardon (an offense). The father confessor 
absolved 
him of his sins. absolution,
N.
absorb
V.
 
/
吸收,合并
/
assimilate or incorporate; suck or drink up; wholly engage. During the nineteenthcentury, America
absorbed 
hordes of immigrants, turning them into productive citizens. Can Huggiesdiapers
absorb
more liquid than Pampers can? This question does not
absorb
me; instead, it boresme. absorption,
N.
abstain
V.
 
/
控制,限制(自己)
/
refrain; hold oneself back voluntarily from an action or practice. After consideringthe effect of alcohol on his athletic performance, he decided to
abstain
from drinking while he trainedfor the race. abstinence,
N.
abstemious
ADJ.
 
/
节制(饮食),调节
/
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate. Concerned whether her vegetarianson's
abstemious
diet provided him with sufficient protein, the worried mother pressed food on him.
abstinence
N.
 
/
节制(饮食)
/
restraint from eating or drinking. The doctor recommended total
abstinence
fromsalted foods. abstain,
V.
abstract
ADJ.
 
/
抽象的
/
theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational. To him, hunger was an
abstract 
concept; hehad never missed a meal.
abstruse
ADJ.
 
/
难以理解的,复杂的
/
obscure; profound; difficult to understand. She carries around
abstruse
worksof philosophy, not because she understands them but because she wants her friends to think shedoes.
abundant
ADJ.
 
/
丰富,富足
/
plentiful; possessing riches or resources. At his immigration interview, Ivan listed his
abundant 
reasons for coming to America: the hope of religious freedom, the prospect of employment,the promise of a more
abundant 
life.
abusive
ADJ.
 
/
粗俗的侮辱,对身体有害的
/
coarsely insulting; physically harmful. An
abusive
parent damages a childboth mentally and physically.
abut
V.
 
/
毗邻
/
border upon; adjoin. Where our estates
abut,
we must build a fence.
abysmal
ADJ.
 
/
无底的
/
bottomless. His arrogance is exceeded only by his
abysmal 
ignorance.
abyss
N.
 
/
深渊,深坑,无底洞
/
enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit. Darth Vader seized the evil emperor andhurled him down into the abyss,
academic
ADJ.
 
/
/
related to a school; not practical or directly useful. The dean's talk about reforming thecollege admissions system was only an
academic 
discussion:
we
knew little, if anything, would change.
accede
V.
 
/
/
agree. If I
accede
to this demand for blackmail, I am afraid that I will be the victim of futuredemands.
accelerate
V.
 
/
加速
/
move faster. In our science class, we learn how falling bodies accelerate.
accentuate
V.
 
/
强调,重音
/
emphasize; stress. If you
accentuate
the positive and eliminate the negative, you may windup with an overoptimistic view of the world.
accessible
ADJ.
 
/
可得到的
/
easy to approach; obtainable. We asked our guide whether the ruins were
accessible
onfoot.
accessory
N.
 
/
/
additional object; useful but not essential thing. She bought an attractive handbag as anaccessory for her dress. also
ADJ.
2
 
Barron’s SAT I Basic Word List
acclaim
V.
 
/
赞扬,表扬
/
applaud; announce with great approval. The NBC sportscasters
acclaimed 
every Americanvictory in the Olympics and decried every American defeat. also
N.
acclimate
V.
 
/
适应
/
adjust to climate. One of the difficulties of our present air age is the need of travelers to acclimatethemselves to their new and often strange environments.
acclivity
N.
 
/
上山的陡坡
/
sharp upslope of a hill. The car would not go up the
acclivity 
in high gear.
accolade
N.
 
/
出名的大奖
/
award of merit. In Hollywood, an "Oscar" is the highest
accolade.
accommodate
V.
 
/
招待,食宿,适应
/
oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt. Mitch alwaysdid everything possible to accommodate his elderly relatives, from driving them to medical appointmentsto helping them with paperwork. (secondary meaning)
accomplice
N.
 
/
共犯,同伙
/
partner in crime. Because he had provided the criminal with the lethal weapon, he wasarrested as an accomplice in the murder.
accord
N.
 
/
一致
/
agreement. She was in complete accord with the verdict.
accost
V.
 
/
搭讪,邂逅
/
approach and speak first to a person. When the two young men accosted me, I wasfrightened because I thought they were going to attack me.
accoutre
V.
 
/
装备
/
equip. The fisherman was accoutred with the best that the sporting goods store could supply.accoutrements,
N.
accretion
N.
 
/
增长
/
growth; increase. The
accretion
of wealth marked the family's rise in power.
accrue
V.
 
/
/
come about by addition. You must pay the interest that has
accrued 
on your debt as well as theprincipal sum. accrual,
N.
acerbity
N.
 
/
尖酸的(语气,脾气)
/
bitterness of speech and temper. The meeting of the United Nations GeneralAssembly was marked with such
acerbity 
that informed sources held out little hope of reaching anyuseful settlement of the problem. acerbic,
ADJ.
acetic
ADJ.
 
/
酸的
/
vinegary. The salad had an exceedingly acetic flavor.
acidulous
ADJ.
 
/
酸的;尖锐,刻薄
/
slightly sour; sharp, caustic. James was unpopular because of his sarcastic and
acidulous
remarks.
acknowledge
V.
 
/
认可,承认
/
recognize; admit. Although I
acknowledge
that the Beatles' tunes sound prettydated today, I still prefer them to the "gangsta rap" songs my brothers play.
acme
N.
 
/
顶点
/
top; pinnacle. His success in this role marked the acme of his career as an actor.
acoustics
N.
 
/
声学
/
science of sound; quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear in. Carnegie Hall is liked bymusic lovers because of its fine acoustics.
acquiesce
V.
 
/
/
assent; agree without protesting. Although she appeared to
acquiesce
to her employer'ssuggestions, I could tell she had reservations about the changes he wanted made. acquiescence,
N.
; acquiescent,
ADJ.
acquire
V.
 
/
获取
/
obtain; get. Frederick Douglass was determined to acquire an education despite his master'sefforts to prevent his doing so.
acquittal
N.
 
/
无罪开释
/
deliverance from a charge. His acquittal by the jury surprised those who had thought himguilty. acquit,
V.
acrid
ADJ.
 
/
尖锐;尖酸
/
sharp; bitterly pungent. The acrid odor of burnt gunpowder filled the room after the pistolhad been fired.
acrimonious
ADJ.
 
/
挖苦的,尖酸的(语言,行为)
/
bitter in words or manner. The candidate attacked hisopponent in highly acrimonious terms. acrimony,
acrophobia
N.
 
/
恐高
/
fear of heights. A born salesman, he could convince someone with a bad case of 
acrophobia
to sign up for a life membership in a sky-diving club.
actuarial
ADJ.
 
/
保险精算的,精算
/
calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics. According to recent actuarial tables,life expectancy is greater today than it was a century ago.
actuate
V.
 
/
推动,促使
/
motivate. I fail to understand what actuated you to reply to this letter so nastily.
acuity
N.
 
/
尖锐
/
sharpness. In time his youthful acuity of vision failed him, and he needed glasses.
3

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