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4G Network Architecture

4G Network Architecture

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Published by Sourabh Dudakiya

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Published by: Sourabh Dudakiya on Jan 28, 2011
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08/03/2013

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 4G Network  Architecture
 
Final report tosurvey :
System issues
Selected concepts for 4G
Self-organizing ,Ad-hocnetwork for 4G
“4G” Design Challenges
Although 3G is an important firststep, several basic issues stillneed to be addressed for nextgeneration wireless systems:Fast/reliable broadband radios(PHY/MAC) with QoS
~100 Kbps
à
1-10 Mbps withadaptivity, link reliability & Qos
Scalable system capacity formass-market services
high service penetration implies~Gbps/Sq-Km
Integration of multiple radiotechnologies into single IPnetwork
unified mobility architecture
New networking modes, e.g.multicast, multihop & peer-to-peer
...lower-cost infrastructure,networks that grow organicall
4G System Issues:Scaling of Capacity
 The grand vision of ubiquitous wireless andpervasive computing leadsto a serious capacityproblem.
2G cellular:
avail BW ~ 5 Mhz,spectral eff ~ 0.2-0.3bps/Hz
max capacity ~ 100Kbps avg, 1 Mbpspeak (with packetMAC) per sq-Km
3G Cellular:
avail BW ~ 25 Mhz,spectral eff ~ 0.3-0.5bps/Hz
max capacity ~ 1Mbps avg, 10 Mbpspeak (with packetMAC) per sq-Km
Wireless LAN(802.11x, Hiperlan):
 
avail BW ~ 100 Mhz,spectral eff ~ 0.2-0.3bps/Hz
max capacity ~ 100Mbps avg, 1 Gbpspeak per sq-Km
Evolution of Radio Speedvs. Moore’s Law
4G systems can exploitMoore’s law advances inradio speed, but need towork with shorter range...
Protocol Evolution
Selected Concepts for 4G
Potential “4G” Network Ideas
A few techniques for achievingthe 4G design goals discussedearlier:
3G/WLAN Hot-Spots
Use of WLAN in hot-spots for lower system cost, better end-user performanceand more totalcapacity 
Infostations
Use of “radio caches” for significant reduction in averagecost per bit,facilitatingqualitatively newmobile services
 
Self-organizing, ad-hocwireless accessnetworks
 Ad-hoc wirelessnetwork protocolswhich support multihop and peer-to- peer service models, particularly for low-tier uses (in-home,sensors, etc.)
Content-basedmulticasting
...new network service paradigmsfor location- and person-awareinformation delivery to mobiles
4G Mobile Network features
Some desirable newfeatures for 4G networksare:
 
Unified IP-basedprotocol architecturewith support formultiple radios
Multicasting, cachingand security features,etc.
Hierarchical supportof high-tier (cellular),med tier (WLAN) andlow-tier (personalarea, sensor nets)
Self-organizing, ad-hoc wireless discovery& routing
Hierarchy & Self-Organization
Hierarchical, self-organizingnetwork concept currentlyunder consideration, basedon:
3 service tiers(cellular, WLAN,personal area)
BS’s, AP’s, FN’s(forwarding radionodes), user devices
automatic discoveryand powermanagementprotocols
hierarchical, ad-hocmulti-hop routing
“Network of wirelessnetworks”Compare 3G & 4G
Comparison of 3G and4G
 
3G:
--Back compatible to 2G.
--Circuit and packetswitched networks.
--Combination of existing &evolved equipment.
--Data rate (up to 2Mbps).
4G:
--Extend 3G capacity.
--Entirely packet switchednetworks.
--All network elements aredigital.--Higher bandwidth (up to100Mbps).
The NEWS about 4G

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