aware that she was pregnant. One study testing hormones for ovulation and pregnancyshowed a rate of pregnancy in exposed ovulatory cycles of 59.6%; with 61.9% of conceptuses lost prior to 12 weeks of which 91.7% occuried subclinically, without theknowledge of the mother.
The risk of spontaneous abortion decreases sharply after the 10th week LMP,
with aloss rate between 8.5 weeks LMP and birth of about two percent; pregnancy loss is“virtually complete by the end of the embryonic period."
This risk of spontaneous abortion is greater in those with a known history of severalspontaneous abortions or an induced abortion, those with systemic diseases, and thoseover age 35. Other causes can be infection (of either the woman or fetus), immuneresponse, or serious systemic disease. A spontaneous abortion can also be caused byaccidentaltrauma; intentional trauma to cause miscarriage is considered induced abortionor feticide.
A pregnancy can be intentionally aborted in many ways. The manner selected dependschiefly upon thegestational ageof theembryoor fetus,in addition to the legality,
regional availability, and doctor-patient preference for specific procedures. Reasons for procuring induced abortions are typically characterized as either therapeutic or elective.An abortion is considered to be therapeutic when it is performed to:
to save the life of the pregnant woman;
to preserve the woman's physical or mental health;
An abortion is considered to be elective if it is performed for any other reason.
(EVA)abortion uses an electric pump. These techniques are comparable, and differ in themechanism used to apply suction, how early in pregnancy they can be used, and whether