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Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein

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Published by: mechforty on Jan 29, 2011
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Albert Einstein
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to:navigation, search  "Einstein" redirects here. For other uses, see Einstein (disambiguation).
Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein in 1921
Born
Died
18 April 1955 (aged 76)Princeton
 
, United States
Residence
Germany, Italy, Switzerland, UnitedStates
Citizenship
Stateless(1896–1901)
Switzerland(from 1901)
Austria(1911–12)
Germany(1914–33)
United States(from 1940)
 
,née Einstein,(1919–1936)
Awards
Signature
Albert Einstein
( /
a
n/;
German:
 
)
; 14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-borntheoretical physicist who discovered the theory of  general relativity, effecting a revolution in physics.For this achievement, Einstein is often regarded as the father of modern physics.
He received the1921  Nobel Prize in Physics"for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the lawof the photoelectric effect".
 Near the beginning of his career, Einstein thought that Newtonian mechanicswas nolonger enough to reconcile the laws of classical mechanics with the laws of the electromagnetic field. This led to the development of his special theory of relativity. He realized, however, that the principle of relativity could also be extended togravitationalfields, and with his subsequent theory of gravitation in 1916, he published a paper on thegeneral theory of relativity.He continued to deal with problems of statistical mechanics 
 
and quantum theory, which led to his explanations of  particle theoryand the motion of  molecules. He also investigated the thermal properties of light which laid the foundationof the photontheory of light. In 1917, Einstein applied the general theory of relativity tomodel the structure of theuniverseas a whole.
He escaped from Nazi Germanyin 1933, where he had been a professor at theBerlin Academy of Sciences, and settled in the U.S., becoming a citizen in 1940. On the eve of World War II,he helped alertPresident Franklin D. Rooseveltthat Germany might be developing an atomic weapon, and recommended that the U.S. begin nuclear research.That research, begun by a newly-establishedManhattan Project, resulted in the U.S. becoming the first and only country to possess nuclear weapons during the war. Hetaught physics at theInstitute for Advanced Study atPrinceton, New Jersey, until his death in 1955.Einstein publishedmore than 300 scientific papersalong with over 150 non-scientificworks, and received honorary doctorate degrees in science, medicine and philosophyfrom many European and American universities;
he also wrote about various philosophical and political subjects such associalism, international relations and the existence of God.
His great intelligence and originality has made the word "Einstein"synonymous withgenius.
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