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Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU)

Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU)

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Published by Bob Andrepont
NASA booklet on the extravehicular mobility unit.
NASA booklet on the extravehicular mobility unit.

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Published by: Bob Andrepont on Jan 29, 2011
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07/31/2013

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Rev 7/27/00Page 1 of 21
EXTRAVEHICULAR MOBILITY UNIT(EMU)
Crew and Thermal Systems Division, NASAJohnson Space Center2101 NASA Road 1Houston, Texas 77058281-483-9230
 
Page 2 of 21
EXTRAVEHICULAR MOBILITY UNIT
INTRODUCTION
The Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) provides a crewmember with the life supportequipment and mobile pressure enclosure necessary to perform Extravehicular Activity(EVA) while in an earth orbit. The EMU consists of two major subsystems; the LifeSupport Subsystem (LSS) and the Space Suit Assembly (SSA).SPACE SUIT ASSEMBLY (SSA) provides:
 
Atmosphere containment
 
High mobility body joints
 
Thermal insulation
 
Cooling distribution
 
Drinking water
 
Waste collection
 
Sunlight and solar radiation protection
 
Micrometeoroid/Orbital Debris (MMOD) protection
 
Interfaces for attachment of other EVA-related equipment
 
LIFE SUPPORT SUBSYSTEM (LSS) provides:
 
 
Primary oxygen supply
 
Suit pressurization and ventilation
 
Communications
 
Breathing gas purification
 
Temperature control
 
Power
 
An interface for servicing
 
Interfaces for attachment of other EVA-related equipment
 
Suit health display feedback 
 
Independent emergency oxygen supply
 
Suit “health check” instrumentation and telemetry dataThe Shuttle Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) has dramatically demonstrated theability of humans to work effectively in space. EVA highlights include the refueling andrepair of satellites on orbit, retrieval of satellites for refurbishment on earth, and theassembly of Space Station structures. The EMU has and will continue to play a vital rolein allowing America’s Space Shuttle to fulfill a wide spectrum of space tasks such asinspection, maintenance, repair, construction and if necessary, rescue operations. Inaddition, the present Shuttle EMU is used for International Space Station (ISS) EVAactivities – assembly and operations.
 
Page 3 of 21
The EMU is designed to fit both men and women. The space suit/life support system,which serves as a one-person spacecraft, provides protection and earth-like mobility forastronauts working in space.The EMU is designed to accommodate an EVA mission consisting of the followingcharacteristics:a)
 
Total duration of 7 hours maximum or 6 hours maximum under the worst-casesolar exposure.
 
b)
 
An average metabolic rate of 1000 Btu/Hr for 7 hours.
 
c)
 
Peak metabolic rates of 2000 Btu/Hr for 15 minutes and 1600 Btu/Hr for 1 hour atanytime within the EVA.
 
d)
 
Minimum rate of 400 Btu/Hr for 30 minutes after an average work rate of 1000Btu/Hr and followed by a rate of 700 Btu/Hr for up to 30 minutes.
 
e)
 
Prebreathe (a process which flushes Nitrogen from the blood, thereby reducing therisk of experiencing Decompression Sickness (DCS)) can be as short as 40 minuteswith a 10.2 psia cabin pressure or as long as 4 hours with a 14.7 psia cabinpressure.
 
f)
 
System will provide 2 hours DCS Treatment with a cabin pressure of 14.7 psia.
LIFE SUPPORT SUBSYSTEM (LSS)
The Life Support Subsystem (LSS) consists of subsystems, which are briefly described inthe following paragraphs:1)
 
Primary Life Support Subsystem (PLSS)
 
2)
 
Secondary Oxygen Pack (SOP)
 
3)
 
Display and Control Module (DCM)
 
4)
 
Service and Cooling Umbilical (SCU)
 
5)
 
EMU Electrical Harness (EEH)
 
6)
 
Airlock Adapter Plate (AAP)
 
7)
 
Contaminant Control Cartridge (CCC)

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