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October 1943 Assam Earthquake

October 1943 Assam Earthquake

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Published by Sujit Dasgupta
The 23 rd October 1943 Assam earthquake occurred during the WWII thus very limited information available. Whatever compiled through internet browsing is uploaded.
The 23 rd October 1943 Assam earthquake occurred during the WWII thus very limited information available. Whatever compiled through internet browsing is uploaded.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Sujit Dasgupta on Jan 29, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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For the last one year I am in search for reports on the Assam earthquake of 1943. Documents so far retrieved through painstaking internet browsing aregiven below. I request the residents of Jorhat Nagaon, Tezpur and other placesin Upper Assam to mail me authenticated information on this earthquake. It willbe duly acknowledged. sujitgsi@gmail.com
Archive List>Diaries>1941-1945 Eastern Travels
1941-1945 Eastern Travels Part 7byCecil John CallisArticle ID: A4428272
In May 1943
Ginger Ritchie and I were posted to a "Line of Communication"Company based in Gauhati, entitled "R" L of C Signals. It was part of the onlycommunications and supply route stretching hundreds of miles from Bengalto the Front Line Forces holding the central and Northern sectors of theAssam-Burma border. ("202 Line of Communication Area")……………………
All supplies and reinforcements had to pass through Gauhati, it being a riverport and standing on the only road and rail route. This naturally kept "R" of Land C Signals very busy…………. Our accommodation on first arrival wasunder canvas, on the extensive lawn of a large bungalow that had beentaken over as Company Offices………. After a few weeks we moved to abasha, with charpoy beds, spacious enough to accommodate all members of the Maintenance Section. We occasionally went out for a meal at the onlycheap eating place, a Chinese restaurant, or to the cinema, which only rarelyshowed an English film.Whilst at Gauhati I succumbed to a bout of dysentery, which put me inhospital for a week (perhaps too many mangoes!). For convalescence I wentto Shillong, a Rest centre up in the hills among the tea plantations.
Onenight I woke to find my bed rolling about like a boat at sea. A deep,rumbling noise like thunder grew louder, enveloped the house, thengradually faded away. It was similar to an underground train roaringthrough below the house. It was a small earthquake, not violentenough to cause any damage, but down the river valley it disturbedover 100 miles of railway, buckling rails and shifting bridges, whichslowed up even more the leisurely pace of the Indian-run railwaysystem.
Early in 1944 the Bengal and Assam Railways were taken over byAmerican Railway Battalions…………
Information and photographs about Misamari
Charles Morreale at Misamari
In August of 2007, Charles Morreale Jr. wrote about his father 
experiencing theearthquake at Misamari [26° 48′ 0″ North, 92° 36′ 0″ East]
, India. Charles Morreale Sr.is now 88 years old.The offices and barracks (or bashas as we called them) were of teak frame, infilled withstraw and plaster of some sort.
Back in October of 1943 we had a very heavyearthquake
with lots of damage in neighboring communities; it was my first and I recallheavy noise as the earth rumbled and the office building where I was on duty just shook allover - hanging lamps swung widely and we all jumped through the windows and out ontothe runway. Luckily for us, we had no window glass—just wooden shutters which weclosed at times that the dust
storms came—but these are other stories.
[Editor’s note: an earthquake rocked Assam, India about 11 p.m. on October 23, 1943].
 The epicenter of the earthquake of 23
October 1943 was possibly located near 26
E. Origin time- 17h23m16s UTC [22h53m16s IST]; Magnitude Mw 7.1
I remember once saying "Well, that railway's been washed away by floods, put out bybombing, swept away by landslides, closed by train wrecks; there's not much more that canhappen to it." But there was.
We had an earthquake that buckled the rails and shiftedbridges over a hundred miles of it.
 – General Slim (Defeat into Victory IX p171)
-Up until the night of Oct. 23, 1943,Rip VanWinkle was the only nationally-known figure who gained immortality for his ability tosleep. Twenty years was the mark Rip set - admittedly a long time. But old Van Winklewon his horizontal championship in a quiet country glade, with nothing to interrupt hisslumber. Also, admittedly, many G.I.'s could equal or better this record, given a quietcountry glade and non-interruption.But here is a new phenomenon. In this corner, at 164 nasal exhilarations a minute, we present T/4 Earl McKeenam, of Council Bluffs, Ia., and sometimes of Omaha, Neb.McKeeman's claim to the sleeping title is brief, but indubitably impressive. Not only did he sleep on while the ground rumbled and heaved beneath his bed, and theold "shack" shook like the tail man on a conga line, but he continued to saw wood in theensuing uproar that followed a host of G.I.'sfirst experience with an earthquake. Man yelled and words clashed against words:"I thought it was an air raid," bawled a leather-lunged sergeant."I taut de woild was comin' to an end," screamed a Dodger fan.

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