Faculty of Information TechnologyUniversity of Moratuwairoshan_priyantha@yahoo.com
In the web community, revealing locationbased information is an important event. Identifyingcertain location in the world by its geographicalcoordinates & use that information to the web context is
an emerging technology in the today’s world. This
technology used to express location based information inthe web is called geo-tagging. In the web, geo-tagging isbecoming increasingly used in photo sharing, blogging,mapping, location searching, etc like media. Thistechnique allows users to add meta-data including geo-location information to the media. Once the media isgeo-tagged, many other web applications can use themto implement & enhance various systems for user convenience. GPS technology is used to geo-tag mediaaccording to the global location & many devices areavailable nowadays in the world with flexibility & user friendly usage. .
ith the development of the technology, theuse of computer based systems & devices havebeen rapidly increased, because of thereliability & efficiency of those systems.People do various researches on informationtransaction & communication in worldwide,using the so-called sophisticated technology.When considering the information processingover the internet, sometimes people need toknow certain information regarding thelocation. Geo-tagging is one of the majorresearch areas that people are investigating forhaving a global data communication. The termgeo-tagging can be defined as the process of adding geographical related data to variousmedia like images, photos, videos, blogs, RSSfeeds, etc. they are in the form of geospatialmetadata. The metadata includes latitude &longitude coordinates of a certain media. Notonly the location coordinates, but also caninclude details like placenames, a short description of the media,ownership, taken by, etc. geo-tagging can helpusers to find wide variety of location specificinformation & this information can be used toweb enabled services to provide location basednews, web reports, maps, etc . Geotaggingbasically has two major steps to follow. Atfirst the toponym should be recognized &identified separately. Then need to assign eachtoponym the correct geographical coordinatesamong possible interpretations . Many webbased applications use Geotagging for certainpurposes. Web sites like Flickr use Geotaggingto tag the photos in various locations by theglobal coordinates facilitating users with manysophisticated tools [2, 13, 17]. Picasa isanother application which is similar to theFlickr . Other applications such as GoogleEarth, Panaroma, and TripperMap use thistechnology & facilitate users to geotag theirimages. As the current web trend is goingtogether with Geotagging applications, Iselected this area as the research area for theindependent study.The following sections of this documentprovide more information about the concept of Geotagging. Section two provides an overviewof Geotagging. Section three is about majorresearches in Geotagging & major applications& the development environment are discussedin section four & five. Section six is aboutfuture directions of the area & discussion of the paper is in section seven. Finally, myopinion in Geotagging is expressed in sectioneight together with the acknowledgment.W