would take account of possible
vibrations of the body
the rocket and the oscillation
the liquid volumes in the fuelchambers;
necessary to determine the most advantageous condi-tions for separating the rocket into stages and studying the optimumflight projectory.
necessary to develop powerful liquid fuel rocket motorswith
high specific thrust, ensure reliable cooling of the combus-tion chamber and
and guarantee reliability of operation
themotors, solving the problem of doing away with dangerous high-fre-quency vibrations in the motor which sometimes occur due to irregu-larity in the burning process, etc.
necessary to develop
system of automatic control forthe flight of the rocket, which would follow
given flight trajectorywith
high degree of accuracy, and would control not only the posi-tion of the rocket in space but the operation of the motors
The problem of building such
complicated by the
out required consideration of the
the body of the rocket and the oscillation of the fuel in thechambers.
necessary to build
launch-/6ing complex on the ground, without which
would have been impossible
talking about the designof the space vehicles themselves
and unmannedinterplanetary stations), their designrequired the solution of no
compli-cated scientific and technical problems
mechanisms ableto operate under conditions of weight-lessness and the high vacuum of inter-planetary space while maintanining
required temperature; the solution
problems regarding energy sourceson board, the development of systems
automatic control on board, etc.
The design of control systems
Tsiolkovskiy for spacecraft, able to orient them
desired and to place them in
givenposition, even changing the flight
necessary. Unlike the control systems of the carrierrockets, the orienting systems frequently had to operate continuallyfor many months.3. The design of
ground radio complex