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Thermodynamics 1 Tutorial_3

# Thermodynamics 1 Tutorial_3

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Thermodynamics 1 Tutorial_3
Thermodynamics 1 Tutorial_3

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05/20/2013

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BMCT 2123 THERMODYNAMICS I TUTORIAL 03
1FACULTY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERINGBMCT 2123 THERMODYNAMICS ITUTORIAL 031. In what forms can energy cross the boundaries of a system?2. When is the energy crossing the boundaries of a system as heat and when is it as work?3. What is an adiabatic process? What is an adiabatic system?4. What are the sign conventions for heat and work?5. A gas in a piston-cylinder device is compresses, and as a result its temperature rises. Isthis a heat or work interaction for the gas?6. A room is heated by an iron, which left plugged in. Is this a heat or work interaction? Takethe entire room, including the iron, as the system.7. A room is heated as a result of solar radiation coming in through the windows. Is this aheat or work interaction for the room?8. An insulated room is heated by burning candles. Is this a heat or work interaction? Takethe entire room, including the candles, as a system.9. What are point and path functions? Give examples.10. What are mechanisms of heat transfer?11. A frictionless piston-cylinder device contains 8 kg of superheated water vapor at 500 kPaand 300
o
C. Steam is now cooled at constant pressure until 70 percent of it, by masscondenses. Determine the work done and heat transfer during this process.UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL MALAYSIA MELAKA KARUNG BERKUNCI 1200 AYER KEROH75450 MELAKA 12 VPWater, 8 kg500 kPa300
o
C
Q

BMCT 2123 THERMODYNAMICS I TUTORIAL 03
212. A mass of 1.2 kg of
air
at 150 kPa and 12
o
C is contained in a gas-tight, frictionless piston-cylinder device. The air is now compressed to a final pressure of 600 kPa. During theprocess heat is transferred from the air such that the
temperature
inside the cylinderremains
constant
. Calculate the work done during this process.13. A piston-cylinder device contains 50 kg of water at 150 kPa and 25
o
C. The cross-sectionalarea of the piston is 0.1 m
2
. Heat is now transferred to the water, causing part of it toevaporate and expand. When the volume reaches 0.2 m
3
, the piston reaches a linearspring whose spring constant is 100 kN/m. More heat is transferred to the water until thepiston rises 20 cm more. Show the process in P-V diagram and determine:a) the final pressure and temperatureb) the work done and heat transfer during the process.14. A piston-cylinder device contains 0.2 kg of water initially at 800 kPa and 0.08 m
3
. Now 180kJ of heat is transferred to the water while the pressure is kept constant. Determine thefinal temperature of the water. Also show the process on a
T-v
diagram with respect tosaturation lines.
Q
Air, 1.2 kg150 kPa12
o
CWater, 50 kg150 kPa25
o
C A
p
= 0.1 m
2
20 cmk = 100 kN/mP V123Water, 0.2 kg800 kPa0.08 m
3
QQ
= 180 kJP V12

BMCT 2123 THERMODYNAMICS I TUTORIAL 03
315. A piston-cylinder device with a set of stops on the top contains 3 kg of saturated liquidwater at 200 kPa. Heat is now transferred to the water, causing some of the liquid toevaporate and move the piston up. When the piston reaches the stops, the enclosedvolume is 60 L. More heat is added until the pressure is doubled. Show the process on a P-v diagram with respect to saturation lines, and determine:a) the amount of liquid at the final state, if anyb) the final temperaturec) the total work and heat transfer16. Two rigid tanks are connected by a valve. Tank A contains 0.2 m
3
of water at 400 kPa and80 percent quality. Tank B contains 0.5 m
3
of water at 200 kPa and 250
o
C. The valve isnow opened, and the two tanks eventually come to the same state. Determine thepressure and the amount of heat transfer when the system reaches thermal equilibriumwith the surroundings at 25
o
C.17. A rigid tank contains 10 kg of air at 200 kPa and 27
o
C. The air is now heated until itspressure doubles. Determine:a) the volume of the tanb) the amount of heat transferWater, 3 kg200 kPaSat. liq
Q
P V1 23Water V=0.2 m
3
P=400 kPax=0.8Water V=0.5 m
3
P=200 kPa V=250
o
C Air10 kgP=200 kPaT=27
o
C