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Thermodynamics 1 Tutorial_2

# Thermodynamics 1 Tutorial_2

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Thermodynamics 1 Tutorial_2
Thermodynamics 1 Tutorial_2

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04/21/2013

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BMCT 2123 THERMODYNAMICS I TUTORIAL 02
1FACULTY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERINGBMCT 2123 THERMODYNAMICS ITUTORIAL 021. What is the difference between saturated liquid and compressed liquid?2. What is the difference between saturated vapor and superheated vapor?3. Is it true that water boils at higher temperatures at higher pressures?4. What is the difference between critical point and triple point?5. A mother is cooking beef curry for her family in a pan that is:a) uncoveredb) covered with light lidc) covered with a heavy lidFor which case will the cooking time be the shortest? Why?6. Which process requires more energy: completely vaporizing 1 kg of saturated liquid waterat 1 atm pressure or completely vaporizing 1 kg of saturated liquid water at 8 atmpressure?7. Can quality be expressed as the ratio of the volume occupied by the vapor phase to thetotal volume?8. Complete the following table for H
2
O:[
o
C] P [kPa] v [m
3
/kg] Phase Description50 4.16200 Saturated Vapor250 400110 6009. Complete the following table for H
2
O:[
o
C] P [kPa] h [kJ/kg] x Phase Description325 0.4160 1682950 0.080 500800 3161.7UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL MALAYSIA MELAKA KARUNG BERKUNCI 1200 AYER KEROH75450 MELAKA

BMCT 2123 THERMODYNAMICS I TUTORIAL 02
210. Complete the following table for H
2
O:[
o
C] P [kPa] u [kJ/kg] Phase Description325 2452170 Saturated Vapor190 20004000 304011. A cooking pan whose inner diameter is 20 cm is filled with water and covered with a 4 kglid, If the local atmospheric is 101 kPa, determine the temperature at which the water willstart boiling when it is heated.12. Water is being heated in a vertical piston-cylinder device. The piston has a mass of 20 kgand a cross-sectional area of 100 cm
2
. If the local atmospheric pressure is 100 kPa,determine the temperature at which the water will start boiling.13. A rigid vessel contains 2 kg of refrigerant-134a at 900 kPa and 80
o
C. Determine thevolume of the vessel and the total internal energy.14. A 0.5 m
3
vessel contains 10 kg of refrigerant-134a at –20
o
C. Determine:a) the pressureb) the total internal energyc) the volume occupied by the liquid phase.
T = ?H
2
Om
lid
= 4 kgP
atm
= 101 kPa
Heat
m = 20 kg A = 100 cm
2
P
atm
= 100 kPaR-134am = 2 kgP = 900 kPaT = 80
o
CR-134am = 10 kg V = 0.5 m
3
T = -20
o
C

BMCT 2123 THERMODYNAMICS I TUTORIAL 02
315. A piston-cylinder device contains 0.1 m
3
of liquid water and 0.9 m
3
of water vapor inequilibrium at 800 kPa. Heat is transferred at constant pressure until the temperaturereaches 350
o
C.a) What is the initial temperature of the water?b) Determine the total mass of the water.c) Calculate the final volume.d) Show the process on a P-v diagram with respect to saturation lines.16. A piston-cylinder device initially contains 50 L of liquid water at 25
o
C and 300 kPa. Heat isadded to the water at constant pressure until entire liquid vaporized.a) What is the mass of the water?b) What is the final temperature?c) Determine the total enthalpy change.d) Show the process on a T-v diagram with respect to saturation lines.17. A 0.5 m
3
rigid vessel initially contains saturated liquid-vapor mixture of water at 100
o
C. Thewater is now heated until it reaches the critical state. Determine the mass of the liquidwater and the volume occupied by the liquid at the initial state.
H
2
OP=800 kPa
Heat
H
2
O V = 50 LT= 25
o
CP=300 kPa
Heat
H
2
O V = 0.5 m
3
Sat. mixtureT = 100
o
C
Heat