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2009 Breeding Quail Summary

2009 Breeding Quail Summary

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Published by Iftekhar Hossain

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Published by: Iftekhar Hossain on Jan 30, 2011
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12/15/2012

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2009 Breeding Quail Call CountPrepared by John Wooding, Small Game BiologistAugust 31, 2009N.C. Wildlife Resources CommissionBetween June15 and June 30, 2009, 12 Commission biologists listened for “Bobwhite”on 22 routes scattered across North Carolina (Table 1). Each 20 mile route consisted of 21 listening stations spaced 1 mile apart. The biologists listened for 3 minutes at eachstation. A summary of the data is presented below.
Table 1. NCWRC Breeding quail call survey: routes and observers.
Biologist Route
Mike Caraway Haywood 1990Joe Folta Edgecombe-Halifax 1990, WakeHarlan Hall Guilford/CaswellIsaac Harrold Wake/JohnstonBrad Howard AlexanderMichael Juhan Burke, Lincoln 1992Ken Knight Stanly 1990Robbie Norville Greene, Pitt-Beaufort 1990, Wayne/DuplinTom Padgett Cumberland, Robeson 1990, SampsonJon Shaw Moore/Montgomery, Rockingham (5A), Rockingham (5C) 1990Chris Turner Hertford/Bertie, Perquimans 1990, Washington/Hyde 1986John Wooding Yadkin
 Year
   A  v  e  r  a  g  e   #    Q  u  a   i   l    H  e  a  r   d   b  y   R  o  u   t  e
2005199719891981197319651957 9080706050403020100
 VariableMT-AVERAGECP-AVERAGEPI-AVERAGE
Figure 1. N.C. Breeding Quail Survey: 1957-09
 Figure 1 above illustrates the data by region (coastal plain, piedmont, mountain). Thecoastal plain continues to support the most quail among the three regions. The steepdownward trends in abundance that began in the 1960’s appear to have stabilized over thepast 10 years or so. (Note: surveys were not run in 1968 and 1975-1987)
 
The Table and Figure below contains a more detailed look at the data by route for thepast 10 years. The trends by route are relatively stable, with minor ups and downs, with afew exceptions: Cumberland, Pitt-Beufort 1990, and Lincoln 1992 declined drastically;Perquimans 1990and Washington/Hyde 1996 increased notably.Table 2. Breeding quail by route for the past 10 years (2000-2009). The numbers in thetable are the number of quail heard per route. The routes are organized alphabetically byregion. An “*” indicates the route was not run that year.
Route Region 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Cumberland CP 15 13 15 25 18 27 18 26 * 4Edgecombe-Halifax 1990 CP 15 11 15 4 6 2 9 3 11 16Greene CP 37 17 38 22 23 26 27 26 15 13Hertford/Bertie CP 12 10 13 9 15 26 22 16 32 20Perquimans 1990 CP 10 6 22 33 49 21 18 20 29 47Pitt-Beaufort 1990 CP 19 34 11 16 13 6 14 10 7 10Robeson 1990 CP 34 32 28 28 42 25 28 30 21 23Sampson CP 39 34 45 51 54 49 46 52 49 42Washington/Hyde 1986 CP 48 55 43 42 51 81 49 59 74 79Wayne/Duplin CP 18 27 31 15 19 18 18 10 15 4Alexander PI 2 6 7 4 3 1 9 5 3 0Guilford/Caswell PI 1 3 1 3 0 1 3 4 1 0Lincoln 1992 PI 38 30 26 20 31 29 12 11 2 4Meck./Cabarrus PI 1 3 3 6 1 2 2 0 0 *Moore/Mont. PI 14 12 12 14 22 16 16 11 5 7Rockingham (5A) PI 3 3 2 2 4 4 2 4 0 6Rockingham (5C) 1990 PI 2 3 1 2 0 6 6 5 6 13Stanly 1990 PI 4 2 2 6 3 1 2 2 3 2Wake PI 1 18 5 8 3 5 0 3 1 0Wake/Johnston PI 11 9 7 5 8 4 2 5 3 3Yadkin PI 7 8 7 5 4 1 2 1 1 3Ashe 1990 MT 1 0 1 1 2 0 1 0 0 *Buncombe/Madison MT 0 1 0 6 2 0 0 * * *Burke MT 14 14 11 6 3 5 0 2 0 1Caldwell/Wilkes MT 15 10 6 9 7 1 5 0 0 0
 
 
 Year
804002000 20008040080400804002000804002000 2000Cumberland Edgecombe-Halifax 1990 Greene Hertford/Bertie Perquimans 1990Pitt-Beaufort 1990 Robeson 1990 Sampson Washington/Hyde 1986 Wayne/Duplin Alexander Guilford/Caswell Lincoln 1992 Meck./Cabarrus Moore/Mont.Rockingham (5A) Rockingham (5C) 1990 Stanly 1990 Wake Wake/Johnston Yadkin Ashe 1990 Buncombe/Madison Burke Caldwell/Wilkes
Figure 2. N.C. Breeding Quail Survey: 2000-2009 by Route (# Quail Heard/Year)
 This year the data were also examined using the proportion of stations where at least onebird was heard. We have this data going back to 1995. The data was entered by WandaMungo and crew in the Raleigh office this spring, under Ryan Myers direction. The datais posted on the Commission intranet.The proportions of stations where at least one bird was heard are plotted below for theperiod 2000 – 2009 by region. The patterns mirror those seen in Figure 1 using theaverage number of quail heard/route; i.e. quail are much more abundant in the coastalplain than elsewhere. The trends using this approach have also been relatively stableover the past 10 years – this is good news for the coastal plain, but not so good for thepiedmont and mountains because the populations are so low that stable is not the desiredpattern.

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