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Ch11-Inductance and Magnetic Energy

# Ch11-Inductance and Magnetic Energy

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05/09/2014

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Inductance and Magnetic Energy
11.1

Mutual Inductance
Suppose two coils are placed near each other, as shown in Figure 11.1.1
Figure 11.1.1
Changing current in coil 1 produces changing magnetic flux in coil 2.The first coil has
N
1
turns and carries a current
I
1
which gives rise to a magnetic field
1
B
.Since the two coils are close to each other, some of the magnetic field lines through coil 1will also pass through coil 2. Let
21
Φ
denote the magnetic flux through one turn of coil 2due to
I
1
. Now, by varying
I
1
with time, there will be an induced emf associated with thechanging magnetic flux in the second coil:
2121212coil 2
d  N dt d
ε
Φ= =
∫∫
BA
(11.1.1)The time rate of change of magnetic flux
21
Φ
in coil 2 is proportional to the time rate of change of the current in coil 1:
21122
N dt d
1
dI
Φ=
(11.1.2)where the proportionality constant
21
is called the mutual inductance. It can also bewritten as
221211
N  I
Φ=
(11.1.3)The SI unit for inductance is the henry (H):2

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