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Ch11-Inductance and Magnetic Energy

Ch11-Inductance and Magnetic Energy

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Published by: mehdii.heidary1366 on Aug 15, 2008
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05/09/2014

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Chapter 11Inductance and Magnetic Energy
 
Inductance and Magnetic Energy
11.1
 
Mutual Inductance
Suppose two coils are placed near each other, as shown in Figure 11.1.1
Figure 11.1.1
Changing current in coil 1 produces changing magnetic flux in coil 2.The first coil has
 N 
1
turns and carries a current
 I 
1
which gives rise to a magnetic field
1
B
.Since the two coils are close to each other, some of the magnetic field lines through coil 1will also pass through coil 2. Let
21
Φ
denote the magnetic flux through one turn of coil 2due to
 I 
1
. Now, by varying
 I 
1
with time, there will be an induced emf associated with thechanging magnetic flux in the second coil:
2121212coil 2
d  N dt d
ε 
Φ= =
∫∫ 
BA
(11.1.1)The time rate of change of magnetic flux
21
Φ
in coil 2 is proportional to the time rate of change of the current in coil 1:
21122
 N dt d
1
dI 
Φ=
(11.1.2)where the proportionality constant
21
is called the mutual inductance. It can also bewritten as
221211
 N  I 
Φ=
(11.1.3)The SI unit for inductance is the henry (H):2

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