Masses represent the inertia or resistance to acceleration.According to Newton’s II law
F = ma
dt xd m
There is also energy stored in mass, when it is moving withvelocity V
. The energy being referred to as kinetic energy, andreleased when it stops moving.
However there is no energy stored in the dashpot. It does notreturn to the original position, when there is no force input. Thedashpot dissipates energy rather than spring. The power dissipateddepending on the velocity V and being given by.
P = C V
The spring, dashpot and mass are the basic building blocks for mechanical systems when forces and straight line displacementsare involved without any rotation.If there is rotation then the equivalent three building blocks are a
torsional spring, a rotary damper and the moment of inertia