Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Alcohol damages almost every organ in the body

Alcohol damages almost every organ in the body

Ratings: (0)|Views: 37|Likes:

More info:

Published by: Elizabeth Ann Kirchner on Jan 31, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

01/31/2011

pdf

text

original

 
 Alcohol damages almost every organ in the body, including the brain; because of the cumulative toxic effects of chronic alcohol abuse, the alcoholic risks suffering a range of medical and psychiatric disorders.
[11]
Alcoholism hasprofound social consequences for alcoholics and the people of their lives.characterized by compulsive anduncontrolled consumption of alcoholdespite its negative effects on the drinker's health and social standing.medically defined as a treatabledisease. dipsomania is a crisis lasting from one day to two weeks, consisting of arapid and huge ingestion of alcohol or whatever other strong, excitatory liquid was available; with loss of all other interests, and these crises recur at indeterminate intervals, separated by periods when the subject was generallysober. The drinker's inability to control such compulsive drinking, despite awareness of its harm to his or her health,indicate that the person might be an alcoholic.Psychiatric disorders are common in alcoholics, with as many as 25 percent suffering severe psychiatricdisturbances. The most prevalent psychiatric symptoms are anxiety and depression disorders. Men with alcohol-usedisorders more often have a co-occurring diagnosis of narcissisticor antisocial personality disorder ,bipolar  disorder ,schizophrenia, impulse disorders or attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder .
Two "yes" responses indicate that the respondent should be investigated further. The questionnaire asks the following questions:1. Have you ever felt you needed to
C
ut down on your drinking?2. Have people
A
nnoyed you by criticizing your drinking?3. Have you ever felt
G
uilty about drinking?4. Have you ever felt you needed a drink first thing in the morning (
E
ye-opener) to steady your nerves or to get rid of ahangover?
[
 
S
ix distinct states are identified and assigned a color:
 
Questions (White) - considering purely what information is available, what are the facts?
 
Emotions (Red) - instinctive gut reaction or statements of emotional feeling (but not any justification)
 
Bad points judgment (Black) - logic applied to identifying flaws or barriers, seeking mismatch
 
Good points judgment (Yellow) - logic applied to identifying benefits, seeking harmony
 
Creativity (Green) - statements of provocation and investigation, seeing where a thought goes
 
Thinking (Blue) - thinking about thinking
White ± Facts & Information
Participants make statements of fact, including identifying information that is absent and presenting the views of people who are not present in a factual manner. In many thinking sessions this occurs immediately after an initialblue, and is often an extended action with participants presenting details about the background to the purpose of thethinking session. The key information that represents the inputs to the session are presented and discussed. Keyabsences of information (i.e. information needs) can also be identified at this point.
 
 
R
ed ± Feelings &
E
motions
Participants state their feelings, exercising their gut instincts. In many cases this is a method for harvesting ideas - itis not a question of recording statements, but rather getting everyone to identify their top two or three choices from alist of ideas or items identified. This is done to help reducing lists of many options into a few to focus on by allowingeach participant to vote for the ones they prefer. It is applied more quickly than the others to ensure it is agutreactionfeeling that is recorded. Alternatively it may be used to state one¶s gut reaction or feelings on an issue under discussion - this is more common when using the colors to reviewpersonal progressor deal with issues where thereis high emotional content that is relevant to discussion. Finally this can be used to request an aesthetic response to aparticular design or object.
Black ±
C
ritical Judgment
Participants identify barriers, hazards, risks and other negative connotations. This is critical thinking, looking for problems and mismatches. This is usually natural for people to use, the issues with it are that people will tend to useit when it is not requested and when it is not appropriate, thus stopping the flow of others. Preventing inappropriateuse of the black is a common obstacle and vital step to effective group thinking. Another difficulty faced is that somepeople will naturally start to look for the solutions to raised problems - they start practicing green on black thinkingbefore it is requested.
 Yellow ± Positive
Participants identify benefits associated with an idea or issue. This is the opposite of black thinking and looks for thereasons in favor of something. This is still a matter of judgment - it is an analytical process, not just blind optimism.One is looking to create justified statements in favor of the idea or issue. It is encapsulated by the idea of "undecidedpositive" (whereas the black would be skeptical - "undecided negative").The outputs may be statements of thebenefits that could be created with a given idea, or positive statements about the likelihood of achieving it, or identifying the key supports available that will benefit this course of action.
G
reen ± New Ideas
This is the thinking of new thoughts. It is based around the idea of provocation and thinking for the sake of identifyingnew possibilities. Things are said for the sake of seeing what they might mean, rather than to form a judgement. Thisis often carried out on black statements in order to identify how to get past the barriers or failings identified there(green on black thinking). Because green thinking covers the full spectrum of creativity, it can take many forms.
 
Blue ± The Big Picture
This is where all participants discuss the thinking process. The facilitator will generally wear it throughout and eachmember of the team will put it on from time to time to think about directing their work together. This should be used atthe start and end of each thinking session, to set objectives, to define the route to take to get to them, to evaluatewhere the group has got to, and where the thinking process is going. Having a facilitator maintain this role throughouthelps ensure that the group remains focused on task and improves their chances of achieving their objectives. Theblue is also an organization of thinking. What have we done so far? What can we do next?
S
o the meeting may start with everyone assuming the
Blue
to discuss how the meeting will be conducted and todevelop the goals and objectives. The discussion may then move to
R
ed
thinking in order to collect opinions andreactions to the problem. This phase may also be used to develop constraints for the actual solution such as who willbe affected by the problem and/or solutions. Next the discussion may move to the
 Yellow
then
G
reen
in order togenerate ideas and possible solutions. Next the discussion may move between
White
thinking as part of developinginformation and
Black
thinking to develop criticisms of the solution set. Because everyone is focused on a particular approach at any one time, the group tends to be more collaborative than if one person is reacting emotionally (Red)while another person is trying to be objective (White) and still another person is being critical of the points whichemerge from the discussion (Black). Addictions is a combination of Agrimony, Aspen, Cherry Plum, Chestnut Bud, Clematis, Impatiens, Rock Rose &
S
tar of Bethlehem. ADD/ADHD is a combination of Aspen, Centaury, Cerato, Cherry Plum, Chestnut Bud, Clematis,
S
cleranthus, WhiteChestnut & Willow;
The impulsivity of people with ADD / ADHD can cause problems with self-control. Because they censor themselves less than othersdo, they¶ll interrupt conversations, invade other people¶s space, ask irrelevant questions in class, make tactless observations, andask overly personal questions. Those with impulsive signs and symptoms of ADD / ADHD also tend to be moody and to overreactemotionally. As a result, others may start to view them as disrespectful and.the Inability to keep powerful emotions in check,resulting in angry outbursts or temper tantrums.
 Anger is a combination of Beech, Holly, Impatiens, Larch, Pine, & Willow;
Menopause
is a combination of Beech, Chicory, Elm, Impatiens, Mimulus, Olive, Rock Water, Walnut, WhiteChestnut & Willow;
 

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->