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200503 American Renaissance

200503 American Renaissance

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American Renaissance March 2005. Does Scholarship Make a Difference?; A Nation Betrayed; ‘This Century is Ours’; O Tempora, O Mores!; Letters from Readers
American Renaissance March 2005. Does Scholarship Make a Difference?; A Nation Betrayed; ‘This Century is Ours’; O Tempora, O Mores!; Letters from Readers

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Published by: American Renaissance on Jan 31, 2011
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American Renaissance - 1 - March 2005
Continued on page 3
There is not a truth existing which I fear or would wish unknown to the whole world.— 
Thomas Jefferson
Vol. 16 No. 3March 2005
Does Scholarship Make a Difference?
American Renaissance
The case of 
The Bell Curve
 —10 years after.
by Chris Brand
T
he publication of 
The Bell Curve
(
TB
) in 1994 by economistCharles Murray and psychologistRichard Herrnstein was one of the moredramatic events in 20th century differ-ential psychology (see “For Whom theBell Curves,” AR, Feb. 1995). Only the physical assaults by leftists on IQ re-searchers Hans Eysenck and Arthur Jensen around 1980 compare with it— and perhaps the
Sunday Times
’s 1976allegations that Sir Cyril Burt cooked histwin data to exaggerate the heritabilityof IQ (see “Kicking the Corpse,” AR,Jan. 1993).At first, I thought things would gowell for 
TBC 
. The book demonstratedenormous scholarship, and was writtenclearly and without racial animosity. Iimmediately gave a seminar on it in the psychology department of EdinburghUniversity. Though there were quizzicalfaces among liberal-leftist staff, I wasoptimistic that the central findings of theLondon School—the tradition of explor-ing measurable human psychologicaldifferences in the tradition of the heredi-tarian Sir Francis Galton—were on their way towards greater acceptance.I was wrong. Quickly,
TBC 
’s defenseof the importance of IQ (and to someextent of genes) ran into what one ob-server called “a barrage of scathing cri-tiques and
ad hominem
attacks on the book’s authors,” followed by silence.The only exception was a further dozen books that came late and little remarked,claiming to rebut
TBC 
. Though manyordinary people bought the book, it re-mained publicly unmentionable in any positive way by any substantial person.Its policy proposals of limiting welfare,controlling immigration, discouraginglow-IQ mothering, raising standards, andeliminating “affirmative action” do noteven appear to appeal to George W.Bush, allegedly the most “right-wing”US President since the 1920s.
Assessing the Impact
In 2004, ten years after the publica-tion of the book, I used the Internetsearch engine Google to make a roughestimate of the impact
TBC 
had had onthe intellectual climate. Although this is by no means a perfect method, it allowsrough comparisons; someone who ap- pears on many Internet pages has hadgreater intellectual influence than some-one who seldom appears. A search for “The Bell Curve,” together with thename “Murray,” turned up 14,700 pages—a respectable number, though far fewer than the 40,000 pages that men-tioned the influential anti-IQ book,
Mul-tiple Intelligences
, together with itsauthor’s name, Howard Gardner, or the50,000 pages for 
 Emotional Intelligence
along with author Daniel Goleman.I then examined the top 100 Internet pages for 
TBC 
, and found that 60 went beyond a brief mention and includedserious commentary. Of these 60 pages,however, only eight (13 percent) gener-ally accepted
TBC 
’s thesis, seven (12 percent) were ambivalent, while 45 (75 percent) were plainly hostile. By con-trast, the Internet pages that referred to
Multiple Intelligences
(written in 1993)and
 Emotional Intelligence
(written in1995) were overwhelmingly favorable.In 2000, journalists Peter Brimelowand Steve Sailer had noted on their Vdare.com web page that discussion of IQ and race had actually become
more
difficult as the 1990s progressed. DanielSeligman, who had written a very read-able little volume on the IQ debate in1992 called
 A Question of Intelligence
,also thought the atmosphere for discuss-ing IQ and race had deteriorated. In hisview, the liberal-left had shouted downall serious talk of IQ and had thereby“won” the argument. Ron Unz, who hascampaigned to eliminate “bilingual edu-cation,” thought America’s intellectualelite had become significantly
more
frightened to talk about IQ since 1994.Although it forced its way onto aca-demic reference lists,
TBC 
had emphati-cally not turned the tide. If an educator or politician has ever admitted he was positively influenced by the book, I haveyet to hear of it. It may be permissible to joke in letters to the editor about “newexcesses of political correctness,” but noone in the political or media mainstreamwill mention the problem of the black 
If an educator or politi-cian has ever admitted hewas positively influencedby the book, I have yet tohear of it.
 
American Renaissance - 2 - March 2005
 Letters from Readers
Sir — Could you help me, and prob-ably other readers who live in Europe, by explaining just what the various termsHispanic, Latino, Chicano and Mestizosignify, and also say what, broadlyspeaking, is the ancestral makeup of therace(s) so described? It is puzzling be-cause the (until recently) all-white na-tives of Spain itself and the Basque coun-try are not strinkingly different in appear-ance from other Europeans.If the Hispanics are in large part de-scended from the pre-Colombian indig-enous population of the Americas, werethere really so many of them, and wasthere such massive interbreeding, as tocreate a distinct new race from their verydifferent forebears?Anthony Young, London, England
“Hispanic” and “Latino” mean the same thing: people from Spanish-speak-ing countries, including Spain. In theUnited States, Hispanics are thereforeconsidered an ethnic group rather thana race, though the majority are brown- skinned Mexicans and Puerto Ricans.Some Mexicans living in the United States call themselves “Chicanos.”Most are relatively recent immigrants,but some who have been here for sev-eral generations also call themselvesChicanos.“Mestizo” is a Spanish word mean-ing “mixed,” and refers to Latin Ameri-cans of mixed European and Amer-indian ancestry. Mestizos can run fromalmost pure Indian to almost pure Eu-ropean, and many Latin Americancountries have different terms to de- scribe the extent of mixture. Latin Ameri-can populations vary greatly in racial composition. Paraguay and Bolivia, for example, are heavily Indian whereas Argentina and Costa Rica are mostly European. Although many Brazilians are a mes-tizo mix of European and Amerindian,they are not officially Hispanic because Brazilians speak Portuguese. There isno firm rule as to whether they are en-titled to racial preferences, but if theyare dark-skinned they may receive pref-erences in the name of “diversity.” Someof the complexities of American racial classifications are discussed in the ar-ticle “Who Is White?” in the Jan. 2002issue of AR, available at our web site,www.AmRen.com. Ed.
Sir — I appreciate Jared Taylor’sJanuary review of the fine work done byDr. Frank Salter. Mr. Taylor notes: “Dr.Salter proposes federalism if ethniescannot be unscrambled.” However, fi-nancial incentives to achieve social goalsestablished by government are common.Relocation is common. Therefore it is practical to offer incentives to move onegroup to another location. What is not practical is the endless drain on societydue to ethnic conflict.In my view, the reason for family loy-alty, and more particularly, a mother’slove for her children, is natural selec-tion. Mothers who don’t care for their young have been selected out. Racialloyalty is a different matter. The racesevolved in geographic isolation and didnot have significant contact before therise of agriculture.Selection for racial loyalty cannot op-erate in the absence of contact. Triballoyalty, nationalism, and patriotism, un-like a mother’s love, may not be instinc-tive and may require indoctrination. Thatwould explain its decline in the West, because it is not likely our genes havechanged recently. Of course, conservingour genetic heritage is important whether it is instinctive or not.Perry Lorenz, Fort Collins, Colo.Sir 
 
 — It is a good idea for people andinstitutions to check their premises, asAyn Rand used to say. In the December 2004 O Tempora item entitled “The 11thHour,” you assume AR readers shouldoppose admitting Turkey to the Euro- pean Union. Why? AR’s stated purposeis to promote and defend the interests of whites. At the top of its agenda is to keepEurope and its biological overseas off-shoots as white as possible. But Turksare indistinguishable physically fromsouthern Europeans, and no one has ever doubted that they are white. In fact, be-cause Turkey has received nearly nonon-white immigration, its inclusion inthe European Union would increase the proportion of its population that is white.So, clearly, we have two agendas, acultural agenda, to defend Western civi-lization, and a biological agenda, to de-fend the White race; in this case they areopposed. Indeed, it is an empirical factthat Orientals are more assimilable intoWestern civilization and more valuablecitizens than Muslims, even if the Mus-lims are blue-eyed blonds, as manyMuslims in the Balkans are. That mayeven be true of Indian Hindus.Another question: What about West-ern civilization are we defending againstIslamic inundation? Surely not Chris-tianity. Most Europeans do not even be-lieve in a personal God. In “The 11thHour” you quote the French prime min-ister, who warns that “the river of Islamwill enter the riverbed of secularism.”In the January 2005 issue O Temporaitem, “Vlaams Blok, RIP,” you seem toapprove of the newly-formed VlaamsBelang’s proposal to deport people whoreject “European values like separationof church and state, freedom of expres-sion, and equality between men andwomen.” In the Netherlands, anti-immi-grant crusaders defend homosexualrights against immigrant “intolerance.”But then, as defenders of Western civi-lization we should also oppose Protes-tant fundamentalists and Catholic con-servatives, which would be absurd.I am raising questions that I think areimportant, but I do not have answers.Prof. Steven Farron, Johannesburg,South Africa
 
American Renaissance - 3 - March 2005
American Renaissance is published monthly by the New Century Foundation. NCF is governed by section501 (c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code; contributionsto it are tax deductible.Subscriptions to American Renaissance are $24.00 per year. First-class postage isan additional $8.00. Subscriptions to Canada (first class) are $36.00. Subscriptionsoutside Canada and the U.S. (air mail) are $40.00. Back issues are $3.00 each. Foreignsubscribers should send U.S. dollars or equivalent in convertible bank notes.Please make checks payable to: American Renaissance, P.O. Box 527, Oakton, VA22124. ISSN No. 1086-9905, Telephone: (703) 716-0900, Facsimile: (703) 716-0932,Web Page Address: www.AmRen.com
Continued from page 1
American Renaissance
Jared Taylor, Editor Stephen Webster, Assistant Editor Ian Jobling, Web Page Editor George McDaniel, Web Page ConsultantAmerican average IQ of 85, let alone the black IQ in sub-Saharan Africa of about70.Occasionally young journalists getcarried away with this great story, butefforts to report it, as in the
Spectator 
(May 24, 2003) and the London
Times
(Nov. 10, 2003), quickly bring down theiron curtain. Despite a half-page articleand map of worldwide IQ distributiondisplayed on page 9 of the
Times
, Googlefound no subsequent mention of the ar-ticle in the British press. Absolute repres-sion works pretty absolutely.What top psychometrician RaymondCattell (1905-1998) first called “igno-racism” reigns so supreme today thatthere is continuous pseudo-hysteria inthe Western press over the lack of black  police chiefs, army generals, surgeons,lawyers, accountants, professors, etc.Aside from a few brave souls like LindaGottfredson, no one outside the LondonSchool dares offer the correct explana-tion, and certainly not by referencingCharles Murray and Richard Herrnstein.So slight was
TBC 
’s public impact thatthe “conservative” president George W.Bush even proposed in 2004 that
every
American child receive two years of college, and he declined to oppose ra-cial preferences at the University of Michigan. Richard Lynn’s 2002 book,
 IQ and the Wealth of Nations
, whichexplains the link between a nation’s av-erage IQ and its GNP (see “The GlobalBell Curve,” AR, Dec. 2002), remainsunreviewed in any important academic journal.But the real ignoracist comedy has been the 2001 No Child Left Behind Act(see “Fantasy and Fraud,” AR, Feb.2004), which will apply increasinglytough academic standards to all Ameri-can schools, and officially categorizethem as “failing” even if only blacks or Hispanics are not up to snuff. Perhapswhen good-quality suburban schools aredesignated as failures only because blacks cannot pass the tests—and schooladministrators face the dire sanctions for “failure”—people will begin to say thewords “race and intelligence” out loudagain. In this climate, the London Schoolhas had nothing resembling impact.Some might argue that
TBC 
did nothave great influence because it wasflawed in some respect. I myself doubtedits thesis that America became substan-tially more stratified by IQ during the20th century. (I think Americans, in anattempt to distinguish themselves from“old” Europe, underestimate the degreeto which they have always had a full- blown class system, with blacks at the bottom.) Other supporters of the book noted its reluctance to talk about theheritability of racial differences in intel-ligence.In fact,
TBC 
has stood up well to criti-cism. Liberals blamed the authors for relying on race realists like Richard Lynnand Philippe Rushton. Yet, around 2000, both those scholars produced high-qual-ity new evidence for the devastatinglylow black IQ, implying that this is whatlargely explains the enduring poverty of sub-Saharan Africa. When new Ameri-can data published in a new
 Festschrift 
for Arthur Jensen (see “In Praise of Arthur Jensen,” AR, Sept., 2004)showed the especially strong influenceof 
 g 
(the “general factor,” the purestmeasure of intelligence) in the lower-ability range, it became clear that
TBC 
had, if anything,
under 
estimated theimportance of IQ in accounting for vari-ance in mental ability.Through the 1990s, the left reliedheavily on the so-called Flynn Effect, pointing out that IQ scores rose through-out the 20th century. They eagerly ex- plained that this must be due to environ-mental influences—the genes haven’tchanged rapidly—and argued that thesame influences would eventually bringthe black IQ up to the same level as thatof whites. The Flynn Effect is not yet
One of the many excellent graphs from
The Bell Curve.
Charles Murray

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